Barcelona Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

orange and blue inflatable ring

1: Which cultural and historical figure associated with Barcelona is known for his incomplete masterpiece, the Sagrada Família?

A: Antoni Gaudí

B: Pablo Picasso

C: Salvador Dalí

D: Joan Miró

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Antoni Gaudí is renowned for his architectural masterpiece, the Sagrada Família, which remains unfinished.

2: What was Barcelona’s role during the 1936 Spanish Civil War?

A: The seat of the Second Spanish Republic

B: The headquarters of the Francoist regime

C: A neutral city

D: A base for Carlist forces

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Barcelona served as the capital of the Republican government during the Spanish Civil War.

3: Barcelona hosted which major international sporting event in 1992?

A: FIFA World Cup

B: Summer Olympics

C: Winter Olympics

D: Commonwealth Games

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Summer Olympics held in 1992 significantly transformed Barcelona’s infrastructure and global image.

4: Barcelona is the capital city of which autonomous community in Spain?

A: Andalusia

B: Galicia

C: Catalonia

D: Castile and León

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, an autonomous community in northeastern Spain.

5: The Eixample district of Barcelona is best known for what urban planning feature?

A: Narrow, winding streets

B: Medieval castles

C: Octagonal blocks with chamfered corners

D: Underground tunnels

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Eixample district is characterized by its distinctive octagonal blocks and wide streets, designed for better air circulation.

6: On which coast of Spain is Barcelona located?

A: Atlantic

B: Mediterranean

C: Cantabrian

D: North Sea

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Barcelona is situated on the northeastern coast of Spain along the Mediterranean Sea.

7: What is the primary official language of Barcelona alongside Spanish?

A: Basque

B: Galician

C: Valencian

D: Catalan

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Catalan is an official language in Barcelona, along with Spanish.

8: What metro and bus fare system structure is used in Barcelona?

A: Zone-based system

B: Flat rate

C: Distance traveled

D: Time-based tickets

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Barcelona uses an integrated zone-based fare system for its metro and bus networks.

9: Which historical period did Barcelona become part of Napoleon’s French Empire?

A: 1492-1500

B: 1714-1748

C: 1812-1814

D: 1901-1910

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: During the Napoleonic Wars, Barcelona was briefly part of France from 1812 until 1814.

10: What urban feature did Ildefons Cerdà design to help relieve population congestion in mid-19th century Barcelona?

A: Underground subways

B: Eixample district

C: Elevated walkways

D: Overwater piers

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Ildefons Cerdà designed the Eixample district with a scientifically planned grid to ease the city’s population density.

11: What event in 1640 significantly impacted Barcelona and was a symbol of Catalan separatism?

A: The War of the Spanish Succession

B: The Catalan Revolt

C: The Reapers’ War

D: The Peninsular War

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Catalan Revolt (1640-1652) was significant for its push against centralized Spanish control, symbolizing Catalan separatism.

12: Which two UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Barcelona were designed by Lluís Domènech i Montaner?

A: Sagrada Família and Casa Batlló

B: Park Güell and Casa Milà

C: Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau

D: Gothic Quarter and Montjuïc Castle

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, designed by Lluís Domènech i Montaner, are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

13: What current transportation project connects Barcelona to other major European cities like Paris and Marseille?

A: High-speed rail system

B: Hyperloop

C: Air ferry

D: Underground transit tunnel

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Barcelona’s high-speed rail system, including the referenced RENFE-SNCF connection, links it to major cities like Paris and Marseille.

14: How did Barcelona’s urban landscape change to prepare for the 1992 Summer Olympics?

A: Introduction of high-rise buildings

B: Expansion of city seafront and creation of new beaches

C: Demolition of Eixample district

D: Conversion of Gothic Quarter into a pedestrian zone

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: For the 1992 Olympics, many industrial buildings were demolished, and new beaches and seafront areas were developed.

15: Which year did Barcelona’s first car factory, SEAT, get established in a suburb of the city?

A: 1920

B: 1950

C: 1970

D: 1980

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: SEAT established its headquarters and a large factory in a Barcelona suburb in 1950.

16: Which ancient culture’s settlement is believed to predate the Roman establishment of Barcelona?

A: Greek

B: Phoenician

C: Iberian

D: Egyptian

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The earliest settlement, attested by archaeological findings, was by the Iberians before Roman establishment.

17: What is the name for the typical Roman grid plan still observable in Barcelona’s Barri Gòtic?

A: Cardo and Decumanus

B: Hippodamian plan

C: Circumferential layout

D: Zigzag design

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Roman design featuring the Cardo Maximus and Decumanus Maximus can still be seen in Barcelona’s Gothic Quarter.

18: Which disease significantly reduced Barcelona’s population in the mid-17th century?

A: The Bubonic Plague

B: Smallpox

C: Cholera

D: Influenza

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Great Plague of 1650-54 halved the population of Barcelona in the mid-17th century.

19: Which Catalan Festival is the main cultural celebration of Barcelona?

A: La Tomatina

B: La Mercè

C: Las Fallas

D: Semana Santa

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: La Mercè is the main cultural festivity in Barcelona, celebrated annually in honor of the city’s patron saint, Eulalia.

20: Which mountain range forms a natural border to the west of Barcelona?

A: Pyrenees

B: Serra de Collserola

C: Sierra Nevada

D: Montserrat Mountains

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Serra de Collserola range lies to the west of Barcelona.

21: What significant architectural landmark in Barcelona is often used as shorthand to refer to the city’s football club?





Correct Answer: D

Explanation: FC Barcelona’s famed youth academy, La Masia, is often used interchangeably to refer to the football club’s nurturing of talent.

22: Where is the headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean located?

A: Madrid

B: Lisbon

C: Athens

D: Barcelona

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The Union for the Mediterranean’s headquarters is located in Barcelona.

23: The Gothic Cathedral of Barcelona is dedicated to which saint?

A: Saint James

B: Saint George

C: Saint Eulalia

D: Saint Benedict

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Gothic Cathedral, known as Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia, is dedicated to Saint Eulalia, one of Barcelona’s patron saints.

24: Which body of water does Barcelona face, offering it a mild Mediterranean climate?

A: Atlantic Ocean

B: Black Sea

C: Sea of Azov

D: Mediterranean Sea

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Barcelona faces the Mediterranean Sea, giving it a mild climate with hot summers and mild winters.

25: How many districts compose the city of Barcelona?

A: 8

B: 10

C: 12

D: 15

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Barcelona consists of 10 administrative districts.

26: The area code for Barcelona begins with which digits?

A: +35

B: +40

C: +34

D: +29

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The area code for Barcelona is +34, which is Spain’s country code.

27: Which style of modern architecture is Barcelona famously associated with?

A: Bauhaus

B: Modernisme

C: Baroque

D: Gothic Revival

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Barcelona is closely associated with Modernisme, a Catalan version of Art Nouveau.

28: Who is attributed with the foundation myth of Barcelona along with the historical Roman establishment?

A: Julius Caesar

B: Hercules

C: Alexander the Great

D: King Arthur

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: One of the foundation myths attributes the founding of Barcelona to the mythological figure Hercules.

29: Which promenade is a central, tree-lined street popular among tourists in Barcelona?

A: Passeig de Gràcia

B: La Rambla

C: Via Laietana

D: Avinguda Diagonal

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: La Rambla is one of Barcelona’s central and most popular promenades.

30: Which economic sector is considered the main driver for Barcelona’s biotech hub status?

A: Agriculture

B: Pharmaceutical

C: Energy

D: Finance

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The pharmaceutical sector is a key driver of Barcelona’s leading position in the biotech industry.

31: What significant historical event united the Kingdom of Aragon and the Kingdom of Castile in relation to Barcelona’s history?

A: The Reconquista

B: The Spanish-American War

C: The marriage of Ferdinand II and Isabella I

D: The War of the Roses

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile united Aragon and Castile, influencing Barcelona’s history.

32: Why is the Torre Glòries notable in Barcelona’s skyline?

A: It is the tallest building in Barcelona

B: It was designed by Antoni Gaudí

C: It represents the city’s modern industrial strength

D: It houses the city council

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Torre Glòries is recognized for symbolizing Barcelona’s modern and industrial strength and innovation.

33: What was Barcelona abruptly struck by in 2017, leading to numerous casualties?

A: An earthquake

B: A terror attack on La Rambla

C: A massive fire

D: A large-scale flood

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: In 2017, a terror attack involving a van plowing through pedestrians occurred on La Rambla, leading to numerous casualties.

34: Which Catalonian separatist war included brief incorporation of Barcelona into France?

A: Tetrarchy War

B: Reapers’ War

C: War of Succession

D: Napoleonic Wars

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Reapers’ War in the 17th century saw Barcelona briefly associated with France.

35: What is the local demonym for residents of Barcelona?

A: Barcelan

B: Barcelonian

C: Barçan

D: Barcelonan

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Residents of Barcelona are locally referred to as Barcelonan or Barcelonian.

36: Which “vertical transport” allows for praised cityscapes of Barcelona from Montjuïc?

A: Funicular

B: Aerial Cable Car

C: Underground Metro

D: Pedestrian Bridge

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The aerial cable car to Montjuïc offers impressive views of Barcelona from above.

37: What were the Cerdà-designed octagonal blocks in Barcelona’s Eixample district envisioned to enhance?

A: Religious ceremonies

B: Traffic flow and residential wellbeing

C: Military defense

D: Agricultural bounty

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Ildefons Cerdà’s design for Eixample, including octagonal blocks, aimed to boost urban quality, air circulation, and traffic flow.

38: The headquarters of which prestigious European organization are located in Barcelona?

A: European Central Bank

B: Union for the Mediterranean

C: European Union Parliament


Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean are located in Barcelona.

39: Which Roman Emperor-era colony was Barcelona known as?

A: Tarragona

B: Barcino

C: Cartago Nova

D: Hispalis

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Under Roman rule, Barcelona was known as Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino.

40: Which festival in Barcelona celebrates the symbolic division of the Roses and Books?

A: La Mercè

B: Sant Jordi

C: La Tomatina

D: Feria de Abril

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The festival of Sant Jordi in Barcelona symbolizes the tradition of exchanging roses and books.

41: Why is Catalonia significant in Spain’s independence movements historically?

A: Central shipping hub

B: Economic powerhouse in agriculture

C: Root of multiple separatist uprisings

D: Home to largest Spanish-speaking population

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Catalonia has often been at the heart of various separatist uprisings, influencing historical independence movements in Spain.

42: How does Barcelona’s cityscape distinguish itself architecturally through Antoni Gaudí’s influence?

A: Baroque elements

B: Minimalist structures

C: Ornate and organic forms

D: Neo-Classical style

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Antoni Gaudí’s influence on Barcelona’s cityscape showcases ornate, organic forms characteristic of his architectural style.

43: What infrastructural project forms the backbone of Barcelona’s international connectivity?

A: Coastal ferry routes

B: High-speed rail lines

C: Large-scale tunnels

D: Agricultural highways

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: High-speed rail lines form a crucial part of Barcelona’s international connectivity.

44: What geographical landmark serves as Barcelona’s natural limit to its northeast region?

A: The Pyrenees

B: Tibidabo Mountain

C: Besòs River

D: Montjuïc Hill

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Besòs River lies to Barcelona’s north, marking its natural boundary.

45: What architectural style marks the Historic Building of the University of Barcelona?

A: Renaissance

B: Gothic Revival

C: Art Deco

D: Neoclassical

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Historic Building of the University of Barcelona is noted for its Gothic Revival style.

46: What is the prevalent climate classification for Barcelona according to Köppen’s system?

A: Oceanic

B: Subarctic

C: Mediterranean

D: Tropical

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Barcelona has a Mediterranean climate, featuring mild winters and warm, dry summers.

47: Which form of alternative transportation launched in 2007 to promote environmental efforts in Barcelona?

A: Electric buses

B: Bike-sharing program

C: Autonomous shuttle service

D: Hybrid taxis

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Bicing bike-sharing program was launched to promote eco-friendly transportation in Barcelona.

48: Why did Barcelona become a focus city during Spain’s democratic transition post-1975?

A: Movements for urban modernization

B: Efforts for increased political autonomy

C: Hosting global expositions

D: International labor dispute resolutions

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Re-establishment of Catalan autonomy and democratic shifts centralized Barcelona in Spain’s democratization process post-1975.

49: What led to the first systematic changes and demolition of walls in Barcelona during Cerdà’s urban planning?

A: Severe floods

B: Civil unrest

C: Population density challenges

D: Military decrees

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The demolition of medieval walls began as part of a plan to address severe population density issues.

50: What development milestone did Barcelona achieve in 2023 as per architectural prestige?

A: Largest Olympic stadium

B: Most eco-friendly city

C: UNESCO-UIA World Capital of Architecture

D: Most urbanized metropolitan hub

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: In 2023, Barcelona was announced as the UNESCO-UIA World Capital of Architecture for 2024-2026, acknowledging its rich architectural heritage and urban planning.

51: What transportation hub marks Barcelona with key connectivity throughout Europe?

A: Barcelona Nord Bus Station

B: Port of Barcelona

C: Barcelona–El Prat Airport

D: Sants Railway Station

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Barcelona–El Prat Airport is Barcelona’s primary international transportation hub, connecting it with major destinations in Europe and beyond.

52: In Barcelona’s Barri Gòtic, what primarily reveals the Roman urban influence?

A: Castle walls

B: Grid layout

C: Mosaic floors

D: Stone aqueducts

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Roman influence in Barri Gòtic is revealed through its grid layout, rooted in ancient urban planning.

53: What notable natural park lies notably within a part of Barcelona’s expanded metro area?

A: Doñana National Park

B: Picos de Europa

C: Collserola Park

D: Timanfaya Park

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Collserola Park is a major natural park that lies partly within Barcelona’s expanded metro area.

54: Barcelona uniquely combines its rich historical heritage with what modern-day city transformation?

A: Mining expansions

B: Innovative digital tech hubs

C: Urban megaprojects including parks and public spaces

D: Rural farming zones

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Barcelona uniquely blends its historical heritage with urban megaprojects like recreational parks and revitalized public spaces.

55: What significant Senior-level athletic event did Barcelona host in 2013?

A: World Cup in football

B: European Figure Skating Championships

C: World Aquatics Championships

D: Ryder Cup in golf

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Barcelona hosted the 2013 World Aquatics Championships, spotlighting its sports infrastructure.

56: What notable architectural monument designed by Mies van der Rohe reflects modernism in Barcelona?

A: Hospital de Sant Pau

B: Casa Vicens

C: Barcelona Pavilion

D: Parc de la Ciutadella

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Barcelona Pavilion reflects modernist architectural principles introduced by Mies van der Rohe.

57: What year did the Catalan educational system adopt the language immersion method for childhood education?

A: 1950

B: 1970

C: 1996

D: 2009

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The Catalan Education Act of 2009 adopted the language immersion method in public schools.

58: In terms of religious demography, which previously dominant group has seen gradual decline in Barcelona?

A: Muslims

B: Roman Catholics

C: Buddhists

D: Jews

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Roman Catholic population in Barcelona has seen a gradual decline over the years.

59: What position does the city of Barcelona hold within Europe as per economic power defined by GDP region?

A: 1st

B: 2nd

C: 4th

D: 10th

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Barcelona ranks as the 4th most economically powerful city in Europe by GDP.

60: Which former military structure now serves as a museum and offers stunning views over Barcelona’s harbor?

A: Torre Glòries

B: Montjuïc Castle

C: Casa Milà

D: Park Güell

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Montjuïc Castle, a former military fortress atop Montjuïc Hill, now functions as a museum and offers panoramic views over Barcelona’s harbor and cityscape.


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