Big Bend Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

woman in black tank top and black pants with brown hat standing on rocky shore during

1: What is the largest protected area of Chihuahuan Desert topography and ecology in the United States?

A: Yosemite National Park

B: Big Bend National Park

C: Yellowstone National Park

D: Grand Canyon National Park

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Big Bend National Park is the largest protected area of Chihuahuan Desert in the U.S.

2: In what year was Big Bend National Park established?

A: 1933

B: 1920

C: 1944

D: 1950

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Big Bend National Park was established on June 12, 1944.

3: How many species of birds are found in Big Bend National Park?

A: 250

B: 300

C: 450

D: 600

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: There are more than 450 species of birds recorded in the park.

4: What river forms part of the boundary between the U.S. and Mexico at Big Bend National Park?

A: Colorado River

B: Rio Grande

C: Mississippi River

D: Pecos River

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Rio Grande River forms a natural boundary between the U.S. and Mexico.

5: What is the highest peak in the Chisos Mountains located in Big Bend National Park?

A: Guadalupe Peak

B: Emory Peak

C: Wheeler Peak

D: Kings Peak

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Emory Peak at 7,832 feet is the highest peak in the Chisos Mountains within Big Bend National Park.

6: What type of climate does Big Bend National Park have according to the Köppen climate classification?

A: Temperate

B: Mediterranean

C: Hot arid

D: Subarctic

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Big Bend National Park has a hot arid climate classification.

7: The park is named after a large bend in which river?

A: Mississippi River

B: Colorado River

C: Columbia River

D: Rio Grande

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The park is named after a large bend in the Rio Grande River.

8: What flora is found only in the United States in Big Bend National Park?

A: Saguaro Cactus

B: Chisos Oak (Quercus graciliformis)

C: Sequoia Trees

D: Florida Palm

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Chisos Oak is unique to the United States in Big Bend National Park.

9: Which mountain range is entirely contained within Big Bend National Park?

A: Rocky Mountains

B: Appalachian Mountains

C: Sierra Nevada

D: Chisos Mountains

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The Chisos Mountains are the only range completely within the bounds of a national park in the U.S.

10: What significant historical event did the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo impact regarding Big Bend National Park?

A: Gold Rush

B: Texas Independence

C: The park’s boundary extends only to the center of the deepest river channel of the Rio Grande as it flowed in 1848.

D: Discovery of Oil

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo determined that the park’s boundary extends only to the center of the deepest river channel of the Rio Grande as in 1848.

11: What prominent landscape feature spans 801,163 acres in Big Bend National Park?

A: The Great Plains

B: The Rocky Mountains

C: Chihuahuan Desert

D: The Mojave Desert

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The park protects the largest portion of the Chihuahuan Desert landscape.

12: How high do summer temperatures often exceed in lower elevations of Big Bend National Park?

A: 80 °F

B: 90 °F

C: 100 °F

D: 110 °F

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Summer temperatures often exceed 100 °F in the lower elevations of the park.

13: Which formation in Big Bend National Park contains dinosaur bones?

A: Boone Formation

B: Javelina Formation

C: Marfa Formation

D: Chihuahua Limestone

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Javelina Formation contains dinosaur bones from the late Cretaceous period.

14: What important bird species is found in Big Bend National Park and nowhere else in the U.S.?

A: Bald Eagle

B: Colima Warbler

C: Snowy Egret

D: American Robin

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Colima Warbler is unique to Big Bend National Park in the U.S.

15: How many acres of land does Big Bend National Park encompass?

A: 500,000 acres

B: 801,163 acres

C: 1,000,000 acres

D: 250,000 acres

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Big Bend National Park encompasses 801,163 acres of land.

16: What activity is popular in Big Bend National Park due to its dark skies?

A: Surfing

B: Stargazing

C: Bird Watching

D: Fishing

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Big Bend National Park is designated as an international dark-sky park, making it perfect for stargazing.

17: How many annual visitors did Big Bend National Park report having in 2019?

A: 100,000

B: 200,000

C: 463,832

D: 1,000,000

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The park had 463,832 visitors in the year 2019.

18: What are the Chisos Mountains referred to as due to their unique placement?

A: Hidden Peaks

B: Sky islands

C: Floating Mountains

D: Cloud Hills

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Chisos Mountains are called sky islands because they are surrounded by desert.

19: What historical path did the Comanche use that passed through Big Bend?

A: Oregon Trail

B: Santa Fe Trail

C: Silk Road

D: Comanche Trail

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The Comanche used the Comanche Trail, which passed through Big Bend National Park.

20: What is the name of the scenic drive that offers exceptional views within Big Bend National Park?

A: Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive

B: Blue Ridge Parkway

C: Pacific Coast Highway

D: Great River Road

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive is known for its scenic views in Big Bend National Park.

21: What was significant about Big Bend NP in 2012 regarding environmental standards?

A: It was declared a national forest.

B: Designated an international dark-sky park.

C: Named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

D: Became a wildlife refuge.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: In 2012, the park was designated an international dark-sky park.

22: What is a key tourist attraction involving hot springs in Big Bend National Park?

A: Boquillas Hot Springs

B: Old Faithful

C: Hot Springs Geyser

D: Mammoth Hot Springs

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Boquillas Hot Springs is a key tourist attraction within Big Bend National Park.

23: What unique feature is Big Bend noted for that involves three main canyons?

A: Santa Elena, Mariscal, and Boquillas Canyons

B: Grand Canyon, Canyonlands, and Bryce

C: Yosemite Valley, Zion Canyon, and Hells Canyon

D: Columbia River Gorge, Hell’s Gorge, and Snake River Canyon

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Santa Elena, Mariscal, and Boquillas are iconic canyons in Big Bend NP.

24: What is a major element of the geology observable in the Persimmon Gap area in Big Bend NP?

A: Granite cliffs

B: Paleozoic Marathon orogeny

C: Sand Dunes

D: Mud Volcanoes

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Paleozoic Marathon orogeny is a prominent geological feature in the Persimmon Gap area.

25: What kind of animal is a common sighting at night in Big Bend National Park?

A: Bison

B: Rabbits

C: Bears

D: Cougars

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Cougars are often reported sightings, especially at night in Big Bend National Park.

26: What happened to the first fossil museum built at Big Bend National Park?

A: It was relocated.

B: It burnt down.

C: It expanded.

D: It was closed.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The first fossil museum built at Big Bend National Park burnt down in 1941.

27: Who was the first American of African ancestry to graduate from West Point and serve near Big Bend NP?

A: Benjamin O. Davis, Sr.

B: Henry Ossian Flipper

C: Colin Powell

D: Charles Young

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Henry Ossian Flipper was the first African American graduate of West Point and served near Big Bend NP.

28: What is the name of the ancient language group spoken by the Chisos Indians?

A: Nahuatl

B: Uto-Aztecan

C: Algonquian

D: Aymara

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Chisos Indians spoke a language in the Uto-Aztecan family.

29: What notable war impacted the establishment of military outposts in the Big Bend area?

A: Mexican-American War

B: Civil War

C: World War I

D: World War II

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Mexican-American War occasioned military surveys and the establishment of outposts in Big Bend.

30: What is the temperature record high at Big Bend National Park as a whole?

A: 85 °F

B: 95 °F

C: 105 °F

D: 109 °F

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The record high temperature at Big Bend National Park is 109 °F.

31: When do colonized warblers typically arrive in Big Bend NP for breeding?

A: Mid March

B: Mid April

C: Early May

D: Late February

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Colima warblers arrive in Big Bend NP in mid-April for breeding.

32: What kind of dinosaur remains can be found in the Javelina Formation at Big Bend?

A: Triceratops

B: Hadrosaurs

C: Alamosaurus

D: Stegosaurus

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Hadrosaurs are among the dinosaur remains found in the Javelina Formation at Big Bend.

33: How are desert shrubland and montane woodland related to Big Bend NP?

A: They are hiking trails.

B: They are bird species.

C: They are predominant land-cover types.

D: They are canyon names.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Desert shrubland and montane woodland are among the land-cover types in Big Bend NP.

34: Which forces significantly affected the geological structure of Big Bend NP between the Triassic and Cretaceous periods?

A: Glacial movements

B: Tectonic rifting

C: Volcanic activity

D: Wind erosion

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Tectonic rifting significantly influenced the geology of Big Bend between the Triassic and Cretaceous periods.

35: What kind of environmental zones does the Rio Grande riparian zone include?

A: Grasslands

B: Alpine zones

C: Desert shrubland and woodland

D: Wetlands

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Rio Grande’s riparian zone includes desert shrubland and woodland in Big Bend NP.

36: What mammal microfossils were found that highlight Big Bend’s past underwater conditions?

A: Early primates

B: Marine reptiles like plesiosaurs and pliosaurs

C: Giant sloths

D: Mammoths

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Plesiosaurs and pliosaur fossils indicate that Big Bend was once underwater.

37: What prominent event did fossil hunters in Big Bend National Park contribute significantly to our understanding of?

A: Ice Age extinction

B: K-T Mass extinction

C: The Cambrian explosion

D: First land vertebrates

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Fossil discoveries at Big Bend shed light on the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-T) extinction event.

38: Which groups of people historically farmed and mined in the area now known as Big Bend NP?

A: Primarily Native Americans only

B: Primarily European settlers only

C: Spanish, Mexican, Anglo, and Irish settlers

D: African Slaves

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Spanish, Mexican, Anglo, and Irish settlers farmed, ranched, and mined in the area.

39: What is the name of the Texas town nearest to Big Bend National Park?

A: Marfa

B: Terlingua

C: Alpine

D: Marathon

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Alpine is the nearest city to Big Bend National Park.

40: What notable predator can be found in the mountainous regions of Big Bend NP, sometimes mistakenly thought extinct?

A: Cougar

B: Mexican Black Bear

C: Grey Wolf

D: Bobcat

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Mexican Black Bear, once thought extinct, is present in Big Bend NP.

41: What is necessary to legally collect fossils from Big Bend NP?

A: Monetary Payment

B: Written Application

C: Government Permit

D: Park Membership

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: A permit is required to legally collect fossils from Big Bend National Park.

42: What large-scale fossil was partially discovered by Barnum Brown and R.T. Bird in Big Bend NP?

A: Mammoth

B: Quetzalcoatlus

C: Tyrannosaurus Rex

D: Alamosaurus

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Part of an Alamosaurus neck vertebra was found by Brown and Bird in Big Bend NP.

43: What kind of drive is the 30-mile Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive in Big Bend NP known for?

A: Urban Experience

B: Scenic Views

C: Historic landmarks

D: Amusement rides

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive is renowned for its scenic views of Big Bend NP.

44: What is the significance of the Maderas del Carmen area south of Big Bend NP?

A: It holds numerous volcano formations.

B: It’s another U.S. National Park.

C: Protected flora and fauna regions.

D: Site of ancient battlefields.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Maderas del Carmen is a protected area for flora and fauna, located south of Big Bend NP.

45: How does Big Bend National Park administer the 118 miles of the Rio Grande?

A: By establishing hydroelectric plants

B: By providing river tours and requiring permits

C: By restricting all access to the public

D: By building dams

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The park administers 118 miles of the Rio Grande by providing tours and requiring permits for personal boat use.

46: What desert shrub adds color and contrast with its bright flowers in Big Bend NP?

A: Desert Marigold

B: California Poppy

C: Fireweed

D: Cacti

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The desert marigold adds vibrant color to the arid landscape of Big Bend NP.

47: What activity do thousands of stars, bright planets, and the Milky Way enable in Big Bend NP?

A: Daytime Hiking

B: Night Sky Photography

C: Bird Watching

D: Desert Exploration

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The dark skies of Big Bend make it an excellent location for night sky photography.

48: What historical aspect makes the hot springs site in Big Bend NP distinctive before its establishment as a national park?

A: Ice Age Glaciers

B: Long-standing tourist attraction with spa facilities

C: Ancient Native American settlement

D: A vast gold mining operation

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The hot springs were a major tourist attraction with spa facilities even before the national park was established.

49: What is the critical role of the Rio Grande riparian zone in Big Bend NP?

A: It powers all the hydroelectric plants.

B: It includes numerous plant and animal species.

C: It is the only freshwater source in the region.

D: It acts as the main camping ground.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Rio Grande riparian zone is ecologically productive, including numerous plant and animal species.

50: Which scale ranks the sky of Big Bend as the darkest in the contiguous United States?

A: Silver Tier

B: Platinum Rank

C: Gold Tier

D: Emerald Rank

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Big Bend NP was awarded the Gold Tier designation by the International Dark-Sky Association.

51: What is notable about the Bonne Spring cactus species in Big Bend NP?

A: It’s the tallest cactus species in the park.

B: It blooms exclusively at night.

C: It is also known as pitaya and adds unique color.

D: It emits a strong fragrance during spring.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Bonne Spring cactus, also known as pitaya, adds unique color to the park.

52: What historical raid in 1916 led to significant national attention and actions regarding Big Bend NP?

A: Presidio Conflict

B: Glenn Springs Raid

C: Mexican-American War

D: Indian Rebellion

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Glenn Springs Raid resulted in national attention, leading to heightened military involvement in the region.

53: What environmental system classification does Panther Junction in Big Bend belong to?

A: Arid Desert

B: Humid Subtropical

C: Mediterranean Climate

D: Boreal Forest

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Panther Junction has a hot arid climate classification.

54: What kind of ecosystem encounter is highlighted by the delta formed at Big Bend during a historical period?

A: Marshland Dwellers

B: Tundra Flora

C: Dinosaur Fossils and Aquatic Life

D: Woodland Animals

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The delta revealed dinosaur fossils and aquatic life during the transitional geological period.

55: Who are the primary operators managing Big Bend National Park?

A: State Park Authorities

B: National Park Service

C: Private Landowners

D: Rangers of Brewster County

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The National Park Service operates and manages Big Bend National Park.

56: Why is Big Bend National Park considered one of the least-visited in the contiguous United States?

A: It has the harshest environment.

B: It is highly remote and one of the largest national parks.

C: It has restricted visitor access.

D: It has fewer advertising efforts.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Due to its remote location and large size, the park attracts fewer visitors compared to other national parks in the contiguous United States.

57: What organization awarded the international dark-sky park designation to Big Bend NP?

A: World Wildlife Fund

B: International Union for Conservation of Nature

C: International Dark-Sky Association

D: United Nations

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The International Dark-Sky Association designated Big Bend NP as an international dark-sky park.

58: What region south of Big Bend NP is also known for its environmental protection efforts?

A: Sierra Nevada

B: Black Hills

C: Maderas del Carmen

D: Appalachian Mountains

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Maderas del Carmen region in Mexico is known for environmental conservation efforts and lies south of Big Bend NP.

59: What are the Mescalero Apaches known for concerning the Big Bend region’s historical context?

A: They introduced large-scale agriculture.

B: They built the first European settlements.

C: They began to invade the Big Bend region and displaced the Chisos Indians.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Mescalero Apaches invaded the Big Bend region and displaced the Chisos Indians.

60: Which of the following species of cactus is NOT found in Big Bend National Park?

A: Prickly Pear

B: Claretcup

C: Saguaro

D: Pitaya

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Saguaros, iconic to Arizona, are not found in Big Bend National Park, which features Prickly Pear, Claretcup, and Pitaya cacti.

Source:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Bend_National_Park

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