Blood Sugar Control Trivia Questions and Answers

a pile of sugar cubes sitting on top of each other
  1. What is another name for blood sugar?
    A: Blood insulin
    B: Blood glucose
    C: Blood protein
    D: Blood fat
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Blood sugar is also known as blood glucose.
  2. How much glucose is usually found in a 70 kg person’s blood?
    A: 2 grams
    B: 4 grams
    C: 6 grams
    D: 8 grams
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: About four grams of glucose is maintained in the blood of a 70 kg person.
  3. Where does the body store glucose when it’s not needed in the blood?
    A: Heart
    B: Liver and muscles
    C: Kidneys
    D: Skin
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Glucose is stored in the liver and muscles as glycogen.
  4. Which hormone helps cells use glucose?
    A: Cortisol
    B: Insulin
    C: Adrenaline
    D: Glucagon
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Insulin helps cells take in glucose from the blood.
  5. What part of the body uses most of the blood glucose when you’re resting?
    A: Liver
    B: Kidneys
    C: Brain
    D: Lungs
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: The brain uses about 60% of blood glucose in a resting person.
  6. What is the term for high blood sugar?
    A: Hypoglycemia
    B: Hyperglycemia
    C: Hypotension
    D: Hypertension
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Hyperglycemia means high blood sugar levels.
  7. What happens to blood sugar levels after drinking alcohol?
    A: They drop
    B: They rise, then drop
    C: They stay the same
    D: They only rise
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Alcohol causes blood sugar levels to rise initially, then drop later.
  8. How is blood sugar measured in the United States?
    A: mmol/L
    B: g/L
    C: mg/dL
    D: cm/L
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Blood sugar is measured in mg/dL in the United States.
  9. What is the normal fasting blood sugar level for non-diabetics?
    A: 2-4 mmol/L
    B: 3.5-5 mmol/L
    C: 3.9-5.5 mmol/L
    D: 4.5-6 mmol/L
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Normal fasting blood sugar level for non-diabetics is 3.9–5.5 mmol/L.
  10. What’s the blood sugar range for diabetics when fasting, according to the ADA?
    A: 3.9-5.5 mmol/L
    B: 3.9-6.1 mmol/L
    C: 3.9-7.2 mmol/L
    D: 3.9-8.0 mmol/L
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Diabetics’ fasting blood sugar should be between 3.9-7.2 mmol/L.
  11. After eating, how high can blood sugar temporarily rise in non-diabetics?
    A: Up to 5 mmol/L
    B: Up to 6.1 mmol/L
    C: Up to 7.8 mmol/L
    D: Up to 8.5 mmol/L
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Blood sugar can rise up to 7.8 mmol/L after eating.
  12. Which hormone helps lower blood sugar levels?
    A: Glucagon
    B: Cortisol
    C: Insulin
    D: Adrenaline
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Insulin lowers blood sugar levels.
  13. What does the hormone glucagon do to blood sugar levels?
    A: Lowers
    B: Raises
    C: Stabilizes
    D: No effect
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Glucagon raises blood sugar levels.
  14. Which hormone prepares the body for “fight or flight”?
    A: Cortisol
    B: Adrenaline
    C: Insulin
    D: Glucagon
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Adrenaline prepares the body for “fight or flight.”
  15. What is the term for low blood sugar levels?
    A: Hypoglycemia
    B: Hyperglycemia
    C: Hypotension
    D: Hypertension
    Correct Answer: A
    Explanation: Hypoglycemia means low blood sugar levels.
  16. Which condition is characterized by high blood sugar due to issues in blood sugar regulation?
    A: Hypertension
    B: Diabetes mellitus
    C: Hypotension
    D: Anemia
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Diabetes mellitus is characterized by high blood sugar levels.
  17. What effect does exercise have on blood sugar levels?
    A: Raises them
    B: Lowers them
    C: No effect
    D: Stabilizes them
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Exercise often lowers blood sugar levels.
  18. What symptom might you experience if your blood sugar drops too low?
    A: High energy
    B: Excessive sweating
    C: Trembling
    D: Dry skin
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Trembling is a symptom of low blood sugar.
  1. What can cause blood sugar to fall too low in diabetics?
    A: Too much insulin
    B: Not enough sleep
    C: Too much protein
    D: Overeating
    Correct Answer: A
    Explanation: Taking too much insulin can cause blood sugar to fall too low in diabetics.
  2. What type of glucose testing involves an electrode placed under the skin?
    A: Blood sample testing
    B: Continuous glucose monitor
    C: Urine glucose test
    D: Breath sample test
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: A continuous glucose monitor involves an electrode placed under the skin to measure glucose levels.
  3. How does capillary blood glucose compare to venous blood glucose after meals?
    A: Lower
    B: Higher
    C: The same
    D: Unmeasurable
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: After meals, capillary blood glucose levels can be significantly higher than venous levels.
  4. What organ plays a crucial role in storing and releasing glucose?
    A: Heart
    B: Liver
    C: Stomach
    D: Pancreas
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: The liver plays a crucial role in storing and releasing glucose.
  5. In a glucose tolerance test, what is measured to diagnose diabetes?
    A: Average blood sugar over a day
    B: Blood sugar levels after eating
    C: Blood sugar levels after a glucose load
    D: Blood sugar fluctuations hourly
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: In a glucose tolerance test, blood sugar levels after a glucose load are measured to diagnose diabetes.
  6. What is the upper limit for normal non-fasting blood glucose levels in non-diabetic individuals?
    A: 5.9 mmol/L
    B: 6.9 mmol/L
    C: 7.9 mmol/L
    D: 8.9 mmol/L
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Non-fasting blood glucose levels should be below 6.9 mmol/L in non-diabetics.
  7. What symptom is associated with extremely low blood glucose levels?
    A: Hyperactivity
    B: Confusion
    C: Drowsiness
    D: Increased appetite
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Confusion is a symptom associated with extremely low blood glucose levels.
  8. What hormone is released by alpha cells in the pancreas?
    A: Insulin
    B: Glucagon
    C: Cortisol
    D: Epinephrine
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Glucagon is released by alpha cells in the pancreas.
  9. Which hormone is primarily involved in lowering blood sugar levels?
    A: Glucagon
    B: Cortisol
    C: Insulin
    D: Epinephrine
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Insulin is the hormone primarily involved in lowering blood sugar levels.
  10. What device is commonly used for home blood glucose monitoring?
    A: Barometer
    B: Glucometer
    C: Thermometer
    D: Sphygmomanometer
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: A glucometer is commonly used for home blood glucose monitoring.
  11. What can cause transient hyperglycemia?
    A: Playing sports
    B: Eating
    C: Sleeping
    D: Watching TV
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Eating can cause a temporary increase in blood glucose levels.
  12. How is glucose in the urine typically detected?
    A: Visual inspection
    B: Chemical test strip
    C: CT scan
    D: Blood test
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Urine glucose is typically measured using a chemical test strip.
  13. Which glucose test measures average levels over the last 120 days?
    A: Fasting glucose test
    B: Postprandial glucose test
    C: Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test
    D: Urine glucose test
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: The glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test measures average blood glucose levels over the past 120 days.
  14. What is a potential life-threatening condition caused by very high blood sugar levels?
    A: Hyperlipidemia
    B: Hypertension
    C: Ketoacidosis
    D: Anemia
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Ketoacidosis can be a life-threatening condition caused by very high blood sugar levels.
  15. What can a person with hypoglycemia consume for a quick rise in blood sugar?
    A: Water
    B: High-fat food
    C: Carbohydrates or sugary snacks
    D: Protein shake
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Consuming carbohydrates or sugary snacks can quickly raise blood sugar levels.
  16. Why should blood for glucose testing be drawn from an arm without an intravenous line?
    A: To avoid hurting the patient
    B: To prevent contamination with IV fluids
    C: To reduce blood pressure
    D: To increase glucose levels
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Drawing blood from an arm without an intravenous line prevents contamination with IV fluids.
  17. For which condition is measuring serum glucose after meals (postprandial) useful?
    A: Dehydration
    B: Diabetes management
    C: Measuring insulin levels
    D: Diagnosing allergies
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Measuring serum glucose levels after meals is useful for diabetes management.
  18. What is the primary function of glucose in the body?
    A: Building tissues
    B: Providing energy
    C: Storing fat
    D: Regulating temperature
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Glucose primarily provides energy for the body’s cells.
  19. What can persistent high blood sugar lead to over the long term?
    A: Better endurance
    B: Heart disease
    C: Increased flexibility
    D: Stronger muscles
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Persistent high blood sugar can lead to long-term health problems like heart disease.
  20. During times of heavy stress, which hormone supplies the body with fuel?
    A: Insulin
    B: Cortisol
    C: Glucagon
    D: Serotonin
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Cortisol supplies the body with fuel during times of heavy stress.
  21. Which method is the most precise for laboratory blood glucose measurements?
    A: Visual inspection
    B: Chemical test strips
    C: Enzyme-specific tests
    D: Urine analysis
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Enzyme-specific tests are the most precise for laboratory blood glucose measurements.
  22. What is the typical unit for measuring blood glucose levels in the UK?
    A: mg/dL
    B: g/L
    C: mmol/L
    D: μmol/L
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: In the UK, blood glucose levels are measured in mmol/L.
  23. What should diabetics do if their blood glucose reaches 13.3 mmol/L (240 mg/dL) with present ketones?
    A: Exercise
    B: Drink more water
    C: See a doctor
    D: Take a nap
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: The American Diabetes Association recommends seeing a doctor if blood glucose reaches 13.3 mmol/L with ketones present.
  24. For which species have blood glucose levels ranging 61 to 124 mg/dL been reported?
    A: Cows
    B: Cats
    C: Dogs
    D: Horses
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Blood glucose levels for cats range from 61 to 124 mg/dL.
  25. Which method of glucose monitoring emerged around 2015?
    A: Finger pricking
    B: Urine test strips
    C: Continuous glucose monitoring
    D: Saliva tests
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Continuous glucose monitoring emerged around 2015.
  26. What does adding phosphate to glucose do in the body?
    A: Stores it as fat
    B: Increases its concentration in blood
    C: Helps it enter cells
    D: Converts it to protein
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Adding phosphate to glucose helps it enter cells for energy production.
  27. What is one major reason glucose concentration must be tightly regulated?
    A: To avoid dehydration
    B: To ensure proper organ function
    C: To stabilize mood
    D: To enhance memory
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Proper glucose concentration is essential for normal organ function, especially the brain and liver.
  28. Which hormone is secreted by the pancreas to lower blood sugar?
    A: Glucagon
    B: Insulin
    C: Cortisol
    D: Epinephrine
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Insulin is secreted by the pancreas to lower blood sugar levels.
  29. What is the risk associated with having consistently low blood sugar levels?
    A: Obesity
    B: Hypertension
    C: Hypoglycemia
    D: Anemia
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Having consistently low blood sugar levels can lead to hypoglycemia.
  30. Which blood glucose measurement technique is susceptible to errors due to reducing substances like urea?
    A: Enzyme-specific tests
    B: Nonspecific chemical methods
    C: Visual inspection
    D: Colorimetry
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Nonspecific chemical methods are prone to errors due to reducing substances like urea.
  31. What are normal blood glucose levels for a fasting individual measured in mg/dL?
    A: 50-70 mg/dL
    B: 70-100 mg/dL
    C: 100-130 mg/dL
    D: 130-160 mg/dL
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Normal fasting blood glucose levels for non-diabetics are 70-100 mg/dL.
  32. What can prolonged periods of starvation ultimately lead to regarding blood sugar?
    A: Hyperglycemia
    B: Hypoglycemia
    C: Stabilized levels
    D: Elevated insulin
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Prolonged periods of starvation can lead to hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar levels.
  33. Which method of glucose monitoring uses a test strip and a meter?
    A: Chemical test strips
    B: Continuous glucose monitoring
    C: Glucometer
    D: Saliva tests
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Glucometers use a test strip and a meter to measure blood glucose.
  34. What is one of the primary effects of the hormone epinephrine (adrenaline)?
    A: Lowers blood pressure
    B: Raises blood pressure and blood glucose
    C: Stabilizes glucose levels
    D: Enhances digestion
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Epinephrine (adrenaline) raises both blood pressure and blood glucose levels.
  35. What is the significance of a blood glucose level above 16.7 mmol/L (300 mg/dL)?
    A: It’s a normal range.
    B: It can cause fatal reactions.
    C: It signifies low glucose levels.
    D: It indicates dehydration.
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Blood glucose levels above 16.7 mmol/L can cause fatal reactions.
  36. What can cause symptoms like confusion and tremors?
    A: High blood glucose
    B: Low blood glucose
    C: Stable blood glucose
    D: High hydration
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Low blood glucose can cause symptoms like confusion and tremors.
  37. What should the blood glucose level be for non-diabetics not fasting?
    A: Below 5 mmol/L
    B: Below 6.9 mmol/L
    C: Below 8 mmol/L
    D: Below 9 mmol/L
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: For non-diabetics not fasting, blood glucose should be below 6.9 mmol/L.
  38. What type of sample is typically more accurate for glucose testing, plasma, or whole blood?
    A: Whole blood
    B: Plasma
    C: Both are the same
    D: None
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Plasma glucose testing is more accurate compared to whole blood.
  39. What metabolic process converts glucose into energy inside the cell?
    A: Glycolysis
    B: Ketogenesis
    C: Lipolysis
    D: Proteolysis
    Correct Answer: A
    Explanation: Glycolysis is the process that converts glucose into energy inside the cell.
  40. What is a common symptom of hyperglycemia?
    A: Hunger
    B: Sweating
    C: Fatigue
    D: Itching
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: Fatigue is a common symptom of hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar levels.
  41. What should you do in case of severe hypoglycemia?
    A: Drink water
    B: Eat carbohydrates
    C: Take insulin
    D: Exercise
    Correct Answer: B
    Explanation: Eating carbohydrates can quickly address severe hypoglycemia.
  42. What is the split between glucose measured in mmol/L and mg/dL globally?
    A: 10
    B: 15
    C: 18
    D: 20
    Correct Answer: C
    Explanation: One mmol/L of glucose is equivalent to 18 mg/dL, which is used to measure blood glucose globally.

Disclaimer: Please consult a physician before making any changes to your health regimen.

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