Campanula Trivia Questions and Answers

purple flower with green leaves

1: What is the common name for plants in the genus Campanula?
A: Daisy
B: Rose
C: Bellflower
D: Sunflower
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula is commonly known as bellflower, which comes from the Latin word for “little bell” due to their bell-shaped flowers.

2: How many species are included in the genus Campanula?
A: Over 50
B: Over 100
C: Over 300
D: Over 500
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The genus Campanula includes over 500 species.

3: In which region are the centers of diversity for Campanula primarily found?
A: North America
B: Mediterranean region, Balkans, Caucasus, and mountains of western Asia
C: South America
D: Australia
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The centers of diversity for Campanula are mainly in the Mediterranean region, Balkans, Caucasus, and mountains of western Asia.

4: What type of climates do Campanula species generally inhabit?
A: Arctic and desert climates
B: Temperate and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere
C: Tropical rainforests
D: Savannas
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Campanula species are distributed across the temperate and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

5: What is a common feature of the leaves on Campanula plants?
A: They are all uniform in shape
B: They are all serrated
C: They vary in shape on a single plant with both entire and serrated margins
D: They are all smooth
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The leaves of Campanula plants vary in shape on a single plant and may have either entire or serrated margins.

6: What substance is commonly found in the leaves and stems of many Campanula species?
A: Chlorophyll-only
B: White latex
C: Nectar
D: Resin
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Many species of Campanula contain white latex in the leaves and stems.

7: What type of leaf-like growth may be present between each sepal in some species of Campanula?
A: Petiole
B: Pedicel
C: Appendage
D: Tendril
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Some species of Campanula have an additional leaf-like growth called an “appendage” between each sepal.

8: What type of fruit do Campanula plants produce?
A: Berry
B: Drupe
C: Capsule
D: Nut
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula plants produce fruit in the form of a capsule containing numerous small seeds.

9: Name a Lepidoptera species which uses Campanula as a food plant during its larval stage.
A: Monarch butterfly
B: Common pug
C: Swallowtail butterfly
D: Luna moth
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The larvae of the common pug (a type of moth) use Campanula as a food plant.

10: What is the common name for Campanula rotundifolia in England?
A: Bluebell
B: Harebell
C: Snowdrop
D: Foxglove
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In England, Campanula rotundifolia is commonly known as harebell.

11: Campanula medium is popularly known by which common name in the UK?
A: Foxglove
B: Canterbury bells
C: Primrose
D: Buttercup
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Campanula medium is commonly known as Canterbury bells in the UK.

12: Which two Campanula cultivars have won the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit?
A: ‘Moonlight’ and ‘Morning Star’
B: ‘Misty Dawn’ and ‘Kent Belle’
C: ‘Starshine’ and ‘Blue Heaven’
D: ‘Twilight’ and ‘Sunrise’
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The cultivars ‘Misty Dawn’ and ‘Kent Belle’ have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

13: The species Campanula rapunculus is commonly known as what?
A: Harebell
B: Bluebell
C: Rampion bellflower
D: Canterbury bells
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula rapunculus is commonly known as rampion bellflower, among other names.

14: According to English translations of which Brothers Grimm’s tale is rampion, or Campanula rapunculus, the vegetable stolen from the witch?
A: Cinderella
B: Hansel and Gretel
C: Rapunzel
D: Sleeping Beauty
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In many English translations of the Brothers Grimm’s tale “Rapunzel,” rampion bellflower is the vegetable stolen from the witch.

15: Where is the National Collection of campanulas held in the UK?
A: Kew Gardens
B: Hyde Park
C: Burton Agnes Hall, East Yorkshire
D: Windsor Great Park
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The National Collection of campanulas is held at Burton Agnes Hall in East Yorkshire.

16: The National Collection of Alpine Campanulas in the UK is located where?
A: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
B: Chelsea Physic Garden
C: Hampton Court
D: Langham Hall, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The National Collection of Alpine Campanulas is held at Langham Hall, Bury St Edmunds, in Suffolk.

17: Which previously accepted Campanula subsect was reclassified as Hemisphaera?
A: Subsect. Campestris
B: Subsect. Corollae
C: Subsect. Scapiflorae
D: Subsect. Radix
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Hemisphaera was formerly classified under Campanula, subsect. Scapiflorae.

18: Neocodon was previously part of which Campanula section?
A: Sect. Campania
B: Sect. Rotundifolia
C: Sect. Rapunculus
D: Sect. Bellis
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Neocodon was formerly classified under Campanula, sect. Rapunculus.

19: Campanula flowers typically have how many lobes in their corolla?
A: Three
B: Four
C: Five
D: Six
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The corolla of Campanula flowers typically has five lobes.

20: Besides blue and purple, what other colors can Campanula flowers be?
A: Yellow and orange
B: White and pink
C: Red and black
D: Green and brown
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Campanula flowers can also be white or pink, in addition to blue and purple.

21: The root of which Campanula species was once widely grown in Europe for its radish-like taste?
A: Campanula medium
B: Campanula rotundifolia
C: Campanula latifolia
D: Campanula rapunculus
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Campanula rapunculus, commonly known as rampion bellflower, was grown for its radish-like roots.

22: What characterizes the Campanula flowers’ calyx?
A: It is deeply divided with petals
B: It consists of 5 leaf-like sepals
C: It has three sepals and three petals
D: It is thorny
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The calyx of Campanula flowers consists of 5 leaf-like sepals.

23: How tall can the large temperate grassland and woodland species of Campanula grow?
A: 1 meter
B: 1.5 meters
C: 2 meters
D: 2.5 meters
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The large temperate grassland and woodland species of Campanula can grow up to 2 meters (6 ft 7 in) tall.

24: Which of these is a method used to distinguish closely related Campanula species?
A: Flower scent
B: Presence, size, and attitude of appendages between sepals
C: Number of seeds produced
D: Root shape
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The presence, relative size, and attitude of appendages between sepals are often used to distinguish between closely related Campanula species.

25: Which Campanula species is known as bluebell in Scotland and Ireland but harebell in England?
A: Campanula medium
B: Campanula rapunculus
C: Campanula rotundifolia
D: Campanula latifolia
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula rotundifolia is known as bluebell in Scotland and Ireland and harebell in England.

26: What is the clade classification of Campanula within the plant kingdom?
A: Bryophytes
B: Gymnosperms
C: Tracheophytes
D: Fungi
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula belongs to the clade Tracheophytes within the plant kingdom.

27: Which hydrozoan genus is usually included in Campanularia today?
A: Hydra
B: Campanula
C: Velella
D: Physalia
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The hydrozoan genus Campanula is usually included in Campanularia today.

28: Which mountain regions extend the range of some Campanula species into tropical areas?
A: Andes and Rockies
B: Alps and Pyrenees
C: Himalayas and Ethiopian Highlands
D: Rockies and Appalachian Mountains
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The range of some Campanula species extends into tropical areas through the Himalayas and Ethiopian Highlands.

29: What differentiates the larvae-hosting ability of Campanula compared to other plants?
A: Host to only butterflies
B: Host to only moths
C: Host to specific species of Lepidoptera including common pug
D: Host to caterpillars exclusively
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the common pug.

30: Where can the genus Campanula be found globally?
A: North and South America exclusively
B: Asia and Africa exclusively
C: Temperate and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere
D: Tropical regions worldwide
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula species are distributed across the temperate and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

31: What is the type species of the genus Campanula?
A: Campanula medium
B: Campanula latifolia
C: Campanula rotundifolia
D: Campanula rapunculus
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The type species of the genus Campanula is Campanula latifolia.

32: Which Campanula variety is known for its use in the Brothers Grimm’s tale “Rapunzel”?
A: Campanula medium
B: Campanula latifolia
C: Campanula rapunculus
D: Campanula rotundifolia
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula rapunculus, commonly known as rampion bellflower, is the vegetable mentioned in the tale “Rapunzel”.

33: What distinguishes the Campanula flowers’ corolla?
A: Three-lobed structure
B: Seven-lobed structure
C: Radially symmetric, five-lobed structure
D: Bilaterally symmetric, four-lobed structure
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The corolla of Campanula flowers is typically radially symmetric with five lobes.

34: Which Campanula species has gained popularity as a garden plant in the UK?
A: Campanula latifolia
B: Campanula rapunculus
C: Campanula medium
D: Campanula roundifolia
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula medium, known as Canterbury bells, is a popular garden plant in the UK.

35: How are the flowers of Campanula typically arranged on the plant?
A: In clusters called umbels
B: Solitary or in panicles
C: In spikes
D: In racemes
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Campanula flowers are typically arranged either solitary or in panicles.

36: Which Campanula species is also known as harebell in England?
A: Campanula medium
B: Campanula latifolia
C: Campanula rapunculus
D: Campanula rotundifolia
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Campanula rotundifolia is commonly known as harebell in England.

37: What is the primary use of Campanula rapunculus in Europe historically?
A: Ornamental purposes
B: Medicinal purposes
C: Wildlife habitat
D: As a vegetable for its spinach-like leaves and radish-like roots
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Campanula rapunculus was historically grown in Europe for its edible leaves and roots.

38: What color are most Campanula flowers?
A: Red
B: Yellow
C: Blue to purple
D: Orange
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Most Campanula flowers are blue to purple in color.

39: What is the leaf arrangement in Campanula plants?
A: Opposite
B: Whorled
C: Alternate
D: Basal
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The leaves of Campanula plants are arranged alternately.

40: What part of the Campanula plant contains white latex?
A: Roots
B: Flowers
C: Leaves and stems
D: Seeds
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: White latex is commonly found in the leaves and stems of many Campanula species.

41: In which UK location is the National Collection of Alpine Campanulas found?
A: Chelsea Gardens
B: Kew Gardens
C: Langham Hall, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk
D: York Minster Gardens
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The National Collection of Alpine Campanulas is held at Langham Hall, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.

42: Which genus was formerly Campanula, subsect. Scapiflorae?
A: Hemisphaera
B: Platycodon
C: Edraianthus
D: Ostrowskia
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Hemisphaera was formerly classified as Campanula, subsect. Scapiflorae.

43: Which of the following genera is currently segregated from Campanula in some systems?
A: Lissocarpus
B: Silene
C: Annaea
D: Eschscholzia
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Annaea is one of the genera that is currently segregated from Campanula in some classification systems.

44: What is a common use for many cultivated Campanula species?
A: Essential oil production
B: Spices in culinary arts
C: Ornamental garden plants
D: Aquatic filtration
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Many cultivated Campanula species are popular as ornamental garden plants for their beautiful flowers.

45: Which species of Campanula is mentioned in English translations of the Brothers Grimm’s tale “Rapunzel”?
A: Campanula rotundifolia
B: Campanula latifolia
C: Campanula rapunculus
D: Campanula medium
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula rapunculus is the species mentioned in many English translations of the Brothers Grimm’s tale “Rapunzel”.

46: In which clade is the genus Campanula classified within the plant kingdom?
A: Lycophytes
B: Gymnosperms
C: Angiosperms
D: Bryophytes
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula is classified within the clade Angiosperms in the plant kingdom.

47: In the classification hierarchy, what order does Campanula belong to?
A: Rosales
B: Fabales
C: Asterales
D: Lamiales
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula belongs to the order Asterales.

48: What was the role of Campanula rapunculus in old European diets?
A: It was used as a staple grain
B: It was eaten for its fruit
C: It was cultivated for its spinach-like leaves and radish-like roots
D: It was a source of sugar
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Campanula rapunculus was cultivated for its edible spinach-like leaves and radish-like roots.

49: Which Campanula species is called bluebell in Scotland?
A: Campanula medium
B: Campanula latifolia
C: Campanula rotundifolia
D: Campanula rapunculus
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In Scotland, Campanula rotundifolia is commonly referred to as bluebell.

50: How many lobes typically make up the corolla of Campanula flowers?
A: Three
B: Five
C: Six
D: Eight
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The corolla of Campanula flowers typically has five lobes.

51: What are the names of the two Campanula cultivars that have received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit?
A: ‘Sunset Glow’ and ‘Morning Dew’
B: ‘Misty Dawn’ and ‘Kent Belle’
C: ‘Blue Horizon’ and ‘Starry Night’
D: ‘Twilight’ and ‘Summer Breezes’
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: ‘Misty Dawn’ and ‘Kent Belle’ are the Campanula cultivars that have received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

52: What characteristic of Campanula flowers is used to help distinguish between closely related species?
A: Flower scent
B: Floral symmetry
C: Appendages between sepals
D: Number of flowers per stem
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The presence, relative size, and attitude of the appendages between sepals are used to distinguish between closely related Campanula species.

53: What is the typical height range for dwarf arctic and alpine species of Campanula?
A: Under 5 cm
B: 5-10 cm
C: 10-20 cm
D: 20-30 cm
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Dwarf arctic and alpine species of Campanula are typically under 5 cm high.

54: What is the correct pronunciation of Campanula in Latin?
A: /kæmˈpænjʊlə/
B: /kamˈpanju:la/
C: /kəmˈpænəla/
D: /kæmpənˈɪla/
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Campanula is pronounced /kæmˈpænjʊlə/ in Latin.

55: What is the maximum height that some temperate grassland and woodland Campanula species can reach?
A: 1 meter
B: 1.5 meters
C: 2 meters
D: 2.5 meters
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Some temperate grassland and woodland Campanula species can grow up to 2 meters tall.

56: Which plant part of some Campanula species contains latex?
A: Flowers
B: Roots
C: Leaves and stems
D: Seeds
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The leaves and stems of many Campanula species contain latex.

57: Which genus includes the type species for Campanula?
A: Azorina
B: Campanula
C: Canarina
D: Edraianthus
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Campanula is the genus that includes the type species Campanula latifolia.

58: What term describes the additional leaf-like growth found between the sepals in some Campanula species?
A: Petiole
B: Peduncle
C: Appendage
D: Bract
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: An appendage is the term for the growth found between sepals in some Campanula species.

59: Common pug larvae feed on which part of the Campanula plant?
A: Flowers
B: Leaves
C: Roots
D: Seeds
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Larvae of the common pug feed on the leaves of the Campanula plant.

60: What is the scientific significance of Campanula’s type species?
A: It defines the unifying characteristics of the genus
B: It is the most abundant species
C: It has been extinct for over 50 years
D: It only grows in one specific region of the world
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The type species defines the unifying characteristics of its genus, which in this case is Campanula latifolia for the genus Campanula.

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