Chrysanthemum Trivia Questions and Answers

a bunch of yellow flowers with a black background

1: What is the scientific name for the type species of the genus Chrysanthemum?
A: Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium
B: Chrysanthemum indicum
C: Chrysanthemum maximum
D: Chrysanthemum coronarium
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The type species for the genus Chrysanthemum is Chrysanthemum indicum.

2: From which two Ancient Greek words is the name “chrysanthemum” derived?
A: Chrysos and Theos
B: Gold and Blossom
C: Chrysos and Anthemon
D: Gold and Flower
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The name “chrysanthemum” is derived from the Ancient Greek words “chrysos” (gold) and “anthemon” (flower).

3: In which order are chrysanthemums classified?
A: Asterales
B: Rosales
C: Liliales
D: Solanales
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Chrysanthemums belong to the order Asterales.

4: In which seasons do chrysanthemums typically start blooming?
A: Summer
B: Early Spring
C: Early Autumn
D: Late Winter
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Chrysanthemums start blooming in early autumn.

5: Which East Asian festival particularly celebrates chrysanthemums?
A: Lunar New Year
B: Mid-Autumn Festival
C: Double Ninth Festival
D: Dragon Boat Festival
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Chrysanthemums are particularly significant during the Double Ninth Festival.

6: Which Imperial Japanese artifact prominently features the chrysanthemum?
A: The Imperial Seal
B: The Imperial Fan
C: The Emperor’s Crown
D: The Shogun’s Sword
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The chrysanthemum is featured on the Imperial Seal of Japan.

7: Who first introduced chrysanthemums into American horticulture in 1798?
A: Thomas Jefferson
B: George Washington
C: John Adams
D: Colonel John Stevens
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Colonel John Stevens introduced chrysanthemums into American horticulture in 1798.

8: Chrysanthemum flowers are used to make a type of tea in some East Asian cultures. What is it called in Chinese?
A: Minghua cha
B: Jincha
C: Juhua cha
D: Huanghua cha
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In Chinese, chrysanthemum tea is called “juhua cha.”

9: What natural insecticide is derived from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium?
A: Azadiractin
B: Strychnine
C: Pyrethrins
D: Nicotine
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Pyrethrins, a natural insecticide, are derived from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium.

10: According to the NASA Clean Air Study, what environmental benefit do chrysanthemums provide?
A: They reduce carbon dioxide levels.
B: They reduce indoor air pollution.
C: They increase oxygen production.
D: They lower room temperature.
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Chrysanthemums have been shown to reduce indoor air pollution.

11: What does a white chrysanthemum symbolize in China, Japan, and Korea?
A: Joy and celebration
B: Friendship and trust
C: Honesty and purity
D: Lamentation and grief
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: In China, Japan, and Korea, white chrysanthemums symbolize adversity, lamentation, and/or grief.

12: Which famous composer wrote a piece titled “Crisantemi” in memory of Amedeo di Savoia Duca d’Aosta?
A: Ludwig van Beethoven
B: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
C: Giacomo Puccini
D: Johann Sebastian Bach
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Giacomo Puccini composed “Crisantemi” in memory of Amedeo di Savoia Duca d’Aosta.

13: What traditional Japanese art form uses chrysanthemums as a common motif?
A: Ukiyo-e
B: Calligraphy
C: Lacquerware
D: Origami
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Chrysanthemums are a common motif in Japanese lacquerware.

14: Which European city hosts the largest chrysanthemum festival in China?
A: Beijing
B: Xi’an
C: Kaifeng
D: Shanghai
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The largest chrysanthemum festival in China is held in Kaifeng.

15: What is the symbolic meaning of chrysanthemums in the Victorian language of flowers?
A: Wealth and luxury
B: Cheerfulness and slighted love
C: Wisdom and intelligence
D: Mystery and enigma
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In the Victorian language of flowers, chrysanthemums meant cheerfulness, and yellow chrysanthemums symbolized slighted love.

16: Which family do chrysanthemums belong to?
A: Solanaceae
B: Rosaceae
C: Asteraceae
D: Lamiaceae
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Chrysanthemums are part of the Asteraceae family.

17: Which country adapted chrysanthemums into a form of bonsai over the centuries?
A: China
B: South Korea
C: Japan
D: Vietnam
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Japan has developed bonsai chrysanthemum forms over the centuries.

18: What practical use did chrysanthemums have for the ancient Chinese during the Han dynasty?
A: Healing wounds
B: Brewing beer
C: Prolonging life
D: Repelling insects
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Ancient Chinese drank chrysanthemum wine during the Han dynasty, believing it prolonged their lives.

19: Besides being ornamental, what major economic use do chrysanthemums have due to their insecticidal properties?
A: Fertilizer production
B: Herbicide creation
C: Pyrethrin extraction
D: Fungicide production
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Chrysanthemums are economically important as the source of pyrethrins, a natural insecticide.

20: Chrysanthemums are associated with which emotional trait in American culture?
A: Sadness
B: Positivity
C: Fear
D: Jealousy
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In American culture, chrysanthemums are usually regarded as positive and cheerful.

21: What cultural significance does the chrysanthemum have in Korea concerning ancient pottery?
A: It was used as a paint brush.
B: It was depicted in ancient inlaid Goryeo ware.
C: It was ground into clay.
D: It was burnt to create ash glaze.
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The chrysanthemum is found extensively in ancient inlaid Goryeo ware.

22: During which century did chrysanthemum cultivation flourish in China reaching hundreds of recorded cultivars?
A: 12th century BCE
B: 5th century BCE
C: 7th century CE
D: 1630 CE
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: By 1630, over 500 cultivars of chrysanthemums had been recorded in China.

23: In Iran, chrysanthemums are associated with which spiritual being?
A: Ahura Mazda
B: Ashi Vanghuhi
C: Mitra
D: Anahita
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In Iran, chrysanthemums are associated with the Zoroastrian spiritual being Ashi Vanghuhi.

24: What is the Korean rice wine flavored with chrysanthemum flowers called?
A: Makgeolli
B: Soju
C: Gukhwaju
D: Baekseju
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In Korea, a rice wine flavored with chrysanthemum flowers is called gukhwaju.

25: In the context of chrysanthemum symbolism, what does the phrase “Chrysanthemum Throne” refer to?
A: The Japanese Emperor’s coronation chair
B: The flower display at a royal event
C: The position of the Japanese Emperor
D: The garden of the Imperial Palace
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The “Chrysanthemum Throne” refers to the position of the Japanese Emperor.

26: What is the lifespan of a cultivated bonsai chrysanthemum in Japan?
A: 3 years
B: 5 years
C: 7 years
D: 10 years
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The cultivated bonsai chrysanthemum in Japan has a lifespan of about 5 years.

27: The florist’s chrysanthemums were previously categorized under which genus before being restored to Chrysanthemum?
A: Tanacetum
B: Dendranthema
C: Glebionis
D: Ajania
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The florist’s chrysanthemums were previously categorized under the genus Dendranthema.

28: Which flower is often worn on funeral attire in Chinese culture due to its association with longevity?
A: Peony
B: Chrysanthemum
C: Lotus
D: Plum Blossom
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In Chinese culture, the chrysanthemum is often worn on funeral attire because of its association with longevity.

29: What color are the ray florets commonly seen in chrysanthemums?
A: Purple
B: Blue
C: Yellow
D: Black
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The ray florets of chrysanthemums are commonly seen in colors like yellow.

30: How many petals are typically found in the design of the Imperial Seal of Japan?
A: 12
B: 14
C: 16
D: 18
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The design of the Imperial Seal of Japan typically features a 16-petal chrysanthemum.

31: Which of the following is not a former species of Chrysanthemum?
A: Glebionis coronaria
B: Argyranthemum frutescens
C: Leucanthemum maximum
D: Tanacetum parthenium
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Tanacetum parthenium is not listed as a former species of Chrysanthemum in the provided text.

32: What term is used to describe the division of a leaf into smaller parts in chrysanthemum plants?
A: Pinnatisect
B: Serrate
C: Entire
D: Lobed
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The leaves of chrysanthemum plants may be divided into pinnatisect parts.

33: Where is the ecological center of diversity for chrysanthemums?
A: Japan
B: South Korea
C: China
D: Mongolia
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The ecological center of diversity for chrysanthemums is in China.

34: Chrysanthemums from which genus were used to create the synthetic insecticides called pyrethroids?
A: Argyranthemum
B: Leucanthemum
C: Glebionis
D: Tanacetum
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Pyrethroids are synthetic insecticides based on natural pyrethrins from the genus Tanacetum.

35: What is the approximate size of chrysanthemum pollen grains?
A: 1 micron
B: 34 microns
C: 100 microns
D: 0.5 microns
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Chrysanthemum pollen grains are approximately 34 microns in size.

36: The city of Nihonmatsu in Japan is known for its exhibitions of what chrysanthemum-related display?
A: Chrysanthemum bonsai
B: Chrysanthemum tea
C: Chrysanthemum paintings
D: Chrysanthemum dolls
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Nihonmatsu hosts exhibitions featuring chrysanthemum dolls.

37: Which of the following is not a category of chrysanthemum flower heads?
A: Daisy-like
B: Pompom
C: Button
D: Spiky
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: While chrysanthemum flower heads come in various forms, “spiky” is not mentioned as one of them.

38: What award have over 140 cultivars of chrysanthemum received from the Royal Horticultural Society?
A: Golden Petal Award
B: Medal of Horticultural Excellence
C: Award of Garden Merit
D: Plant of the Year
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Over 140 cultivars of chrysanthemum have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

39: How many species are there in the genus Chrysanthemum?
A: Over 100
B: 14
C: 40
D: 60
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: As of February 2020, there are 40 accepted species in the genus Chrysanthemum.

40: Which Emperor of Japan adopted the chrysanthemum as the Imperial family crest in the 12th century?
A: Emperor Meiji
B: Emperor Go-Toba
C: Emperor Hirohito
D: Emperor Kōmei
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Retired Emperor Go-Toba adopted the chrysanthemum crest for the Imperial family in the 12th century.

41: Which flower is used as a garnish in Japanese cuisine for sashimi?
A: Jasmine
B: Chrysanthemum
C: Lilac
D: Geranium
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Small chrysanthemums are used as a garnish in Japanese sashimi dishes.

42: The chrysanthemum symbolizes which concept in Japanese culture?
A: Resilience
B: Regality
C: Tranquility
D: Innocence
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In Japanese culture, the chrysanthemum symbolizes regality and is associated with the Emperor.

43: Which flower represents the month of November in the United States?
A: Rose
B: Lilac
C: Chrysanthemum
D: Tulip
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The chrysanthemum is the flower associated with the month of November in the U.S.

44: The chrysanthemum flower is considered symbolic of which season in Chinese culture?
A: Spring
B: Summer
C: Autumn
D: Winter
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In Chinese culture, the chrysanthemum is symbolic of autumn.

45: The chrysanthemums’ primary base structure covered in layers is called what?
A: Phyllaries
B: Sepals
C: Bracts
D: Nodes
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The base of a chrysanthemum’s flower head is covered in layers of phyllaries.

46: What is the term for a ribbed fruit produced by chrysanthemums?
A: Drupe
B: Capsule
C: Samara
D: Achene
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The fruit of a chrysanthemum is a ribbed achene.

47: Which year saw the ruling of the International Botanical Congress changing the defining species of the genus Chrysanthemum back to C. indicum?
A: 1985
B: 1999
C: 2005
D: 2014
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The International Botanical Congress ruling in 1999 changed the defining species of the genus back to Chrysanthemum indicum.

48: Chrysanthemum flowers are symbols of longevity in which East Asian country?
A: Vietnam
B: South Korea
C: Japan
D: China
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: In China, chrysanthemums symbolize longevity.

49: What phrase describes the Imperial Japanese institution linked with chrysanthemums?
A: Chrysanthemum Shield
B: Chrysanthemum Honor
C: Chrysanthemum Throne
D: Chrysanthemum Court
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Japanese monarchy is referred to as the Chrysanthemum Throne.

50: Which city has recognized the chrysanthemum as its official flower by mayoral declaration?
A: Hoboken
B: Chicago
C: Philadelphia
D: San Francisco
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The city of Chicago recognized the chrysanthemum as its official flower by mayoral declaration.

51: The chrysanthemum is particularly notable during which annual event in China’s Kaifeng?
A: The Lunar New Year
B: Qingming Festival
C: Kaifeng Chrysanthemum Cultural Festival
D: Dragon Boat Festival
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Kaifeng Chrysanthemum Cultural Festival is the annual event where chrysanthemums are especially notable.

52: Which famous object is decorated with chrysanthemums utilizing maki-e, a Japanese lacquerware technique?
A: Samurai sword
B: Sake ewer
C: Rice bowl
D: Tea pot
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: A sake ewer is decorated with chrysanthemums using the maki-e technique.

53: What is the chrysanthemum known as in Korean Hangul script?
A: 송화
B: 국화
C: 홍화
D: 금화
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In Hangul, the chrysanthemum is known as 국화 (gukhwa).

54: What flower-based product from Chrysanthemum is used as an industrial insecticide with cultural roots in the Middle East?
A: Persian powder
B: French mud
C: Italian blend
D: Egyptian mix
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Persian powder is an industrial insecticide product derived from chrysanthemums.

55: Which country named a new fast-growing chrysanthemum flower in honor of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2017?
A: Japan
B: South Korea
C: Israel
D: Australia
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Israel named a new fast-growing chrysanthemum flower after Narendra Modi in 2017.

56: Chrysanthemums symbolize which concept in European countries such as France, Belgium, and Italy?
A: Friendship and unity
B: Mourning and death
C: Joy and prosperity
D: Honor and valor
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In these European countries, chrysanthemums symbolize mourning and death.

57: Which variations of chrysanthemums are often used to create traditional bonsai in Japan?
A: Ogiku style
B: Dendranthema style
C: Tanacetum style
D: Ornatum style
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: In Japan, Ogiku (great chrysanthemum) style variations are used in bonsai.

58: For which plant festival is Taiwan known regarding chrysanthemums?
A: Lotus Festival
B: Peony Festival
C: Chrysanthemum Festival
D: Plum Blossom Festival
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Taiwan holds a Chrysanthemum Festival celebrating the flower.

59: The introduction of chrysanthemums to American horticulture was intended to attract visitors to what New Jersey location?
A: Central Park
B: Liberty Park
C: Elysian Fields
D: Washington Gardens
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Chrysanthemums were introduced to attract visitors to Elysian Fields in New Jersey.

60: Which Korean vase technique features chrysanthemum petals against a celadon background?
A: Gobeomun
B: Gwanghwamun
C: Double-wall technique
D: Buncheong ware
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The double-wall technique features each chrysanthemum petal painted against a celadon background.

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