Dragon Tree Trivia Questions and Answers

1: What conservation status is assigned to the Dragon tree by the IUCN?
A: Vulnerable
B: Endangered
C: Near Threatened
D: Least Concern
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Dragon tree is classified as endangered, highlighting the risks to its survival and the importance of conservation efforts.

2: In which year was the Dragon tree first described by Carl Linnaeus?
A: 1758
B: 1762
C: 1767
D: 1770
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Carl Linnaeus, a renowned scientist, first described the Dragon tree in 1762, indicating its long-known presence in botanical studies.

3: The Dragon tree belongs to which plant family?
A: Fabaceae
B: Rosaceae
C: Asparagaceae
D: Asteraceae
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Dragon tree is part of the Asparagaceae family, which includes several notable subtropical plants.

4: What is the scientific name of the Dragon tree?
A: Dracaena cinnabari
B: Dracaena tamaranae
C: Dracaena marginata
D: Dracaena draco
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The scientific name “Dracaena draco” specifically identifies the Dragon tree species.

5: Dragon tree is native to which of the following regions?
A: Mediterranean
B: Southeast Asia
C: Macaronesia and southwest Morocco
D: South America
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Dragon tree is indigenous to Macaronesia and southwest Morocco, thriving in these subtropical areas.

6: What height can the Dragon tree potentially achieve as it matures?
A: 10 meters
B: 12 meters
C: 15 meters
D: 18 meters
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Dragon tree can grow up to 15 meters or more, demonstrating its capacity for significant height over its long life span.

7: At what age does the Dragon tree start producing a flower spike?
A: 5-10 years
B: 10-15 years
C: 15-20 years
D: 20-25 years
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Around 10-15 years of age, the Dragon tree stops growing vertically to produce a flower spike, marking a new growth phase.

8: How long does it typically take for a Dragon tree to reach 1.2 meters in height?
A: 5 years
B: 7 years
C: 10 years
D: 12 years
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Dragon tree grows slowly, needing about 10 years to achieve a height of 1.2 meters under normal conditions.

9: What color are the perfumed flowers produced by the Dragon tree?
A: Yellow
B: Pink
C: Red
D: White
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The Dragon tree produces white, lily-like flowers, which stand out against its green leaves.

10: What type of growth pattern does the Dragon tree exhibit?
A: Creeping
B: Branching
C: Spiral
D: Bushy
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Dragon tree has a branching growth pattern, developing an umbrella-like habit as it ages.

11: What is a substance derived from the Dragon tree’s resinous bark or leaves known as?
A: Dragon’s blood
B: Phoenix tears
C: Centaur’s sap
D: Griffin’s nectar
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: “Dragon’s blood” is a reddish resin secreted by the Dragon tree, used traditionally and medically.

12: On which island is the ancient specimen El Drago Milenario located?
A: Madeira
B: Gran Canaria
C: Tenerife
D: La Palma
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: El Drago Milenario, an iconic Dragon tree specimen, resides in Icod de los Vinos, Tenerife.

13: Who worshiped a specific Dragon tree specimen that was hollowed into a sanctuary?
A: Celts
B: Vikings
C: Guanches
D: Romans
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Guanches, native to the Canary Islands, worshiped a venerable Dragon tree, utilizing it as a small sanctuary.

14: How old was the notable Dragon tree seen by Humboldt, destroyed by a storm in 1868?
A: 3000 years
B: 4000 years
C: 5000 years
D: 6000 years
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Humboldt observed a Dragon tree estimated to be 6000 years old, showcasing its extraordinary age before being demolished by a storm.

15: Which award has the Dragon tree won for its horticultural value?
A: Garden Highlights Award
B: Horticultural Excellence Award
C: Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit
D: Botanical Beauty Award
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit signifies the Dragon tree’s esteemed status as a garden-worthy plant.

16: What is the primary reason for the reddish color in the Dragon tree’s resin?
A: Carotenoids
B: Flavans
C: Chlorophyll
D: Alkaloids
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The red color of Dragon tree resin is due to the presence of mono- and dimeric flavans.

17: In the 2017 city planting initiative, how many Dragon trees were planted in Angra do Heroísmo?
A: 100
B: 150
C: 200
D: 250
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: A grove of 200 Dragon trees was planted by the city of Angra do Heroísmo in 2017 to enhance the urban landscape.

18: What unique growth feature does the form of Dragon trees found on Gran Canaria have?
A: Spiral branches
B: Fastigiate branching
C: Creeping roots
D: Horizontal trunks
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: On Gran Canaria, the Dragon tree exhibits fastigiate branching with almost vertical branches unlike other variations.

19: What measures approximately 14 meters in circumference and was hollowed out by the Guanches in Tenerife?
A: A rock formation
B: The ancient Dragon tree
C: A volcanic lava tube
D: A sandstone pillar
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The notable Dragon tree in Tenerife, hollowed and cherished by the Guanches, measured 14 meters in circumference.

20: What are the traditional uses of Dragon’s blood obtained from Dragon tree resin?
A: Culinary spices
B: Traditional medicine
C: Dyeing cloth
D: Construction material
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Dragon’s blood has a history in traditional medicine, utilized for its supposed healing properties.

21: How old are some of the Dragon trees found at the Museum of Wine on Pico Island?
A: Over 50 years
B: Over 60 years
C: Over 80 years
D: Over 100 years
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Some Dragon trees at the Museum of Wine on Pico Island are over 100 years old, reflecting their long lifespan and historical significance.

22: Which island is Dragon tree considered a natural symbol of, alongside the blue chaffinch?
A: Gran Canaria
B: Madeira
C: Tenerife
D: La Palma
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Tenerife proudly features the Dragon tree as its natural symbol, symbolizing the island’s unique flora.

23: What is the texture of the Dragon tree’s bark as it ages?
A: Smooth all its life
B: Roughens with age
C: Remains fibrous
D: Turns to scales
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The bark of the Dragon tree starts smooth but becomes rougher over time, reflecting its long-lived maturity.

24: What kind of plant is the Dragon tree classified as based on its cotyledons?
A: Dicot
B: Eudicot
C: Monocot
D: Polycot
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Dragon tree is a monocot, differentiating it from dicot plants in its growth style and structure.

25: How many subspecies of Dragon tree are mentioned?
A: 1
B: 2
C: 3
D: 4
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: There are three subspecies of Dragon tree: subsp. draco, subsp. ajgal, and subsp. caboverdeana. Each is native to specific regions.

26: What name did Carl Linnaeus initially use to describe the Dragon tree in 1762?
A: Yucca draco
B: Dracaena draco
C: Asparagus draco
D: Draco draco
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Carl Linnaeus first described the Dragon tree as Asparagus draco, before it was reassigned to the Dracaena genus.

27: What notable physical characteristic does the Dragon tree exhibit as a monocot?
A: Multiple trunks
B: Annual rings
C: Bark that peels
D: Thorny stems
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Despite being a monocot, the Dragon tree has annual rings, which is unusual for its plant classification.

28: How many years does each branch of the Dragon tree grow before re-branching?
A: 5-10 years
B: 10-15 years
C: 15-20 years
D: 20-25 years
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Each branch grows for 10-15 years before re-branching, leading to an umbrella-like growth pattern.

29: Which component is missing in Dragon tree’s dragon’s blood resin, distinguishing it from Dracaena cinnabari?
A: Flavan DrC11
B: Alicar
C: Rubraxanthin
D: Xanthophyll
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The flavonoid DrC11 is absent in Dragon tree’s dragon’s blood resin but present in Dracaena cinnabari, distinguishing the two resins chemically.

30: Around what era was dragon’s blood from the Dragon tree discovered to be used?
A: 12th century
B: 13th century
C: 14th century
D: 15th century
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Dragon’s blood from the Dragon tree came into use around the 15th century.

31: How many individuals of Dragon tree are estimated to be on remote sites in the Azores?
A: 50-100
B: 100-200
C: 200-300
D: 300-400
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: There are estimated to be around 200-300 individuals of Dragon trees on remote sites in the Azores.

32: Which district in La Palma has a forest of Dragon trees?
A: Los Sauces
B: Las Tricias, Garafia
C: El Paso
D: Santa Cruz
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Las Tricias, Garafia district in La Palma boasts a forest of Dragon trees.

33: What is the ultimate branching pattern that a mature Dragon tree exhibits?
A: Conical
B: Spherical
C: Umbrella-like
D: Columnar
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The mature Dragon tree develops an umbrella-like habit, evident from its distinctive branching pattern.

34: Which mountain range in Morocco is home to wild populations of Dragon tree?
A: Rif Mountains
B: Anti-Atlas
C: Middle Atlas
D: Southwest Atlas Mountains
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Wild populations of Dragon tree are found in the southwest Atlas Mountains of Morocco.

35: Which type of botanist was Carl Linnaeus, who described the Dragon tree?
A: Taxonomist
B: Ethnobotanist
C: Palynologist
D: Ecologist
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Carl Linnaeus was a taxonomist, instrumental in classifying the Dragon tree scientifically.

36: How many times does the Dragon tree branch over its lifespan?
A: Once
B: Twice
C: Multiple times
D: Not at all
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Dragon tree re-branches multiple times throughout its long life, creating a complex and impressive structure.

37: What color berries does the Dragon tree produce after flowering?
A: Blue
B: Green
C: Coral
D: Black
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Dragon tree produces coral-colored berries, following its fragrant white flowers.

38: What happened to the revered Dragon tree specimen observed by Humboldt?
A: Was cut down
B: Died naturally
C: Struck by lightning
D: Destroyed by a storm
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The ancient Dragon tree viewed by Humboldt was sadly destroyed by a storm in 1868.

39: Which island’s city planted 200 Dragon trees as part of a green initiative in 2017?
A: Terceira Island
B: Pico Island
C: São Miguel
D: Faial Island
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The city of Angra do Heroísmo on Terceira Island planted 200 Dragon trees in 2017.

40: In which area of California can you find a prominent Dragon tree?
A: Will Rogers Memorial Park, Beverly Hills
B: Golden Gate Park, San Francisco
C: Griffith Park, Los Angeles
D: Balboa Park, San Diego
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: You can find a notable Dragon tree in Will Rogers Memorial Park in Beverly Hills, California.

41: What traditional cultural practice involved the Dragon tree in Tenerife?
A: Leaf weaving
B: Ritual dances
C: Hollowing the trunk for a sanctuary
D: Flower offerings
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Guanches in Tenerife hollowed out the trunk of a Dragon tree to create a small sanctuary.

42: What year did the notable Dragon tree lean more towards horticultural usage, being recognized by the Royal Horticultural Society?
A: 2000
B: 2005
C: 2010
D: Prior to 2024
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Prior to 2024, the Dragon tree was recognized with the Award of Garden Merit by the Royal Horticultural Society due to its horticultural value.

43: Which scientific classification does the Dragon tree belong to at the order level?
A: Poales
B: Asparagales
C: Rosales
D: Fabales
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Dragon tree is classified under the order Asparagales.

44: The resin derived from cutting the Dragon tree’s bark or leaves is primarily what color?
A: Green
B: Red
C: Yellow
D: Blue
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The resin, known as ‘dragon’s blood’ that oozes from the Dragon tree, is predominantly red in color.

45: To which genus does the Dragon tree belong?
A: Yucca
B: Aloe
C: Dracaena
D: Agave
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Dragon tree is a member of the genus Dracaena, which contains several distinct species.

46: Which other Dragon tree species is native to Gran Canaria?
A: Dracaena arborea
B: Dracaena tamaranae
C: Dracaena ombet
D: Dracaena fragrans
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Dracaena tamaranae is a species of Dragon tree native to Gran Canaria.

47: How is the Dragon tree’s primary stem described during its juvenile stage?
A: Bushy
B: Thorny
C: Single
D: Fanned
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: During its early years, the Dragon tree has a single stem before it starts branching.

48: What kind of basal growth feature can be seen in the Dragon tree from La Palma?
A: Low branching
B: High canopy
C: Mid-level sprouting
D: Prostrate growth
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The La Palma subspecies features low branching, which starts near the base of the trunk.

49: Which part of the Dragon tree is often turned into a red resin historically referred to as dragon’s blood?
A: Fruits
B: Leaves
C: Bark
D: Roots
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The bark or leaves of the Dragon tree secrete a reddish resin known as dragon’s blood.

50: The large old Dragon tree revered by Humboldt was primarily located in which Tenerife town?
A: Santa Cruz
B: Icod de los Vinos
C: Puerto de la Cruz
D: San Cristóbal de La Laguna
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Humboldt’s revered Dragon tree was situated in Icod de los Vinos, Tenerife.

51: Which ancient civilization is known to have worshipped a Dragon tree in Tenerife?
A: Romans
B: Greeks
C: Guanches
D: Berbers
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The ancient Guanches of the Canary Islands are noted for worshipping a Dragon tree.

52: What primarily influences the red coloration in the Dragon tree’s dragon’s blood resin?
A: Anthocyanins
B: Carotenoids
C: Flavans
D: Tannins
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Flavans are primarily responsible for the red coloration of the Dragon tree’s resin, known as dragon’s blood.

53: By what other name is the Dragon tree known, due to its red resin?
A: Phoenix tree
B: Smoky tree
C: Dragon’s blood tree
D: Pegasus tree
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Dragon tree is colloquially known as the Dragon’s blood tree, named for its reddish resin.

54: What is a distinguishing feature of older Dragon tree trunks?
A: They flower
B: They split
C: They roughen in texture
D: They turn green
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: As Dragon tree trunks age, they develop a rougher texture.

55: How is the overall growth rate of the Dragon tree typically described?
A: Very fast
B: Fast
C: Slow
D: Moderate
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Dragon tree has a slow growth rate, which contributes to its long-lived nature.

56: Where was a grove of 200 Dragon trees planted in 2017 on Terceira Island?
A: Angra do Heroísmo
B: Praia da Vitória
C: São Mateus
D: Biscoitos
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: In 2017, a grove of 200 Dragon trees was planted in Angra do Heroísmo on Terceira Island.

57: What is the name given to Dragon tree’s subfamily within Asparagaceae?
A: Agavoideae
B: Nolinoideae
C: Scilloideae
D: Brodiaeoideae
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Dragon tree belongs to the Nolinoideae subfamily within Asparagaceae.

58: Which part of the Dragon tree secretes resin when cut?
A: Flowers
B: Bark or leaves
C: Roots
D: Fruits
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The bark or leaves of the Dragon tree secrete resin when cut.

59: Over what period does each branch of the Dragon tree typically grow before re-branching?
A: 5-7 years
B: 7-10 years
C: 10-15 years
D: 15-20 years
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Branches of the Dragon tree grow for about 10-15 years before re-branching.

60: What significant cultural item is commonly made using Dragon tree’s red resin?
A: Jewelry
B: Traditional medicine
C: Paint
D: Musical instruments
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Dragon tree’s red resin has been used historically in traditional medicine for various purposes.

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