Foraging Plants Trivia Questions and Answers

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1: What part of Juneberry (Amelanchier lamarckii) is edible and when can it be harvested?
A: Leaves in spring
B: Berries in June
C: Nuts in autumn
D: Roots in winter
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The berries of the Juneberry are edible and typically harvested in June.

2: How can Barberry (Berberis vulgaris) berries be used?
A: As a garnish
B: Raw, dried as spice, or cooked as jelly
C: In making tea
D: Only edible when cooked
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Barberry berries can be eaten raw, dried and used as a spice, or cooked to make jelly.

3: Sweet chestnuts (Castanea sativa) are commonly consumed in which of the following ways?
A: Raw, roasted, boiled, stewed, or baked
B: Only dried
C: Always fermented
D: Never consumed raw
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Sweet chestnuts are edible in many forms including raw, roasted, boiled, stewed, or baked.

4: Hazelnuts (Corylus avellana) can be found in which type of environment?
A: Coastal areas
B: Deserts
C: European woodlands and hedges
D: Tundra
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Hazelnuts can be found in European woodlands and hedges and are edible both raw or processed.

5: What part of the Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) is edible in April?
A: Flowers
B: Leaves
C: Roots
D: Seeds
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Hawthorn leaves, gathered in April, are commonly used raw in salads.

6: Beech tree (Fagus sylvatica) nuts are edible when consumed in what way?
A: Leaves boiled
B: Flowers dried for tea
C: Raw or roasted and salted
D: Bark used as flavoring
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The nuts of the Beech tree are edible either raw or roasted and salted.

7: Sea purslane (Halimione portulacoides) leaves are best eaten in what way?
A: Boiled in soups
B: Raw in salads or stir-fried
C: Only dried
D: Fermented
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Sea purslane leaves can be eaten raw in salads or stir-fried.

8: When are the young shoots and leaves of Hop (Humulus lupulus) typically harvested for consumption?
A: January
B: Until May
C: October
D: December
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The young shoots and leaves of Hop can be harvested until May and are edible when cooked.

9: Walnut (Juglans regia) nuts ripen in which month?
A: March
B: June
C: September
D: November
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Walnut nuts typically ripen in September.

10: Juniper (Juniperus communis) berries can be used in various ways. Which is not a common use?
A: Raw as a fruit snack
B: Spice
C: Jam
D: Ground as a coffee substitute
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Juniper berries are inedibly bitter when raw but used as a spice, for beverages, jam, or ground as a coffee substitute.

11: Oregon-grape (Mahonia aquifolium) berries are typically used how?
A: Only in raw form
B: Made into a jelly or eaten raw
C: Dried into powder
D: As a flavoring syrup
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Oregon-grape berries can be eaten raw but are usually made into jelly due to their acidic nature.

12: How are Crabapples (Malus sylvestris) typically consumed when their raw taste is too bitter?
A: Roasted
B: Cooked as a jelly
C: Fermented
D: Dried for tea
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: When too bitter, Crabapples are typically cooked as a jelly.

13: What is a unique requirement for eating Medlar (Mespilus germanica) fruit?
A: Must be peeled
B: Needs to be roasted
C: Edible after being bletted
D: Consumed immediately after picked
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Medlar fruit is edible after being bletted (allowed to become soft and overripe).

14: Bog-myrtle (Myrica gale) has versatile uses. Which part is often dried for tea?
A: Fruit
B: Leaves
C: Roots
D: Bark
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The leaves of Bog-myrtle are dried and used to make tea.

15: Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) needles can be prepared in what unique way?
A: Eaten raw
B: Boiled for tea or soaked in olive oil
C: Fermented into juice
D: Ground into flour
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Young needles of Scots pine can be boiled for tea or soaked in olive oil to yield an aromatic oil.

16: Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) seed pods are versatile. Which of these is not a use for them?
A: Eaten raw or boiled
B: Dried and milled to make flour
C: Fermented for beverage
D: Pickled in vinegar
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Mesquite seed pods are not commonly pickled in vinegar but are eaten raw or boiled, dried and milled into flour, or fermented.

17: Wild cherry (Prunus avium) is commonly found in which environments?
A: Deserts
B: Coastal regions
C: Hedgerows and woods
D: Tundra
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Wild cherry is found in hedgerows and woods, particularly beech woods.

18: Bullace or damson (Prunus domestica subsp. insititia) fruits are typically harvested in which month?
A: January
B: June
C: October
D: December
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Bullace, damson, and other wild plums are typically harvested when ripe in early October.

19: Which part of the Sloe (Prunus spinosa) is traditionally picked after the first autumn frost for reduced acidity?
A: Flowers
B: Leaves
C: Berries
D: Roots
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The berries of Sloe are very acidic unless picked after the first autumn frost.

20: How are the acorns of English oak (Quercus robur) usually prepared to remove their bitterness?
A: Roasted with honey
B: Boiled in vinegar
C: Chopped and roasted, then leached in water
D: Consumed raw
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Acorns are chopped, roasted, and leached in water to remove their bitterness before consumption.

21: The berries of Golden currant (Ribes aureum) are known for being what?
A: Extremely sweet
B: Tart
C: Bitter
D: Bland
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The berries of Golden currant are known for being tart.

22: What caution is associated with consuming Wax currant (Ribes cereum) berries?
A: None, they are completely safe
B: Can be semi-toxic
C: Must be cooked first
D: Only edible during winter
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Wax currant berries are edible raw but possibly semi-toxic.

23: How are Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) berries usually used?
A: As a leafy green
B: In jams
C: Fermented into wine
D: Roasted for snacks
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Blackcurrant berries are primarily used in jams.

24: Redcurrant (Ribes rubrum) berries are popularly made into what?
A: Pies
B: Jams and kissel
C: Dried snacks
D: Herbal teas
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Redcurrant berries are used in jams and a type of dessert called kissel.

25: Flowering currant (Ribes sanguineum) is native to which regions?
A: Asia
B: Western United States and Canada
C: Southern Europe
D: Northern Africa
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Flowering currant is native to the western United States and Canada.

26: The Elder (Sambucus nigra) has flowers and berries used in various ways. Which of these uses is incorrect?
A: Flowers boiled in soups
B: Flowers pickled or made into tea
C: Berries made into jam
D: Flowers as a salad green
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Elder flowers are not typically boiled in soups but are used raw, pickled, or made into tea; the berries are often cooked into jam.

27: Whitebeam (Sorbus aria) berries are best eaten how?
A: Raw
B: Steamed
C: Once overripe (bletted)
D: Dried for powders
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Whitebeam berries are best eaten once they are overripe or bletted.

28: Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia) berries can be bitter. How are they commonly prepared to mitigate this?
A: Boiled to form a jelly
B: Dried and salted
C: Fermented into alcohol
D: Roasted and ground into flour
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Rowan berries are often cooked to form a jelly to reduce their bitterness.

29: How is the fruit of Wild service-tree (Sorbus torminalis) typically consumed?
A: Immediately after picking
B: Dried and ground into powder
C: Eaten raw, but better after bletting
D: Only used for medicinal purposes
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The berries of Wild service-tree are edible raw but are better after being bletted for a few weeks.

30: What popular beverage is made from the dried flowers of Lime (Tilia × europaea)?
A: Lemonade
B: Tilleul tea
C: Fruit punch
D: Herbal coffee
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Tilleul tea is made from the dried flowers of Lime.

31: Leaves of Wild Lowbush Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) are used in what way?
A: Stir-fried
B: Raw in salads
C: They are not commonly consumed
D: Dried for seasoning
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The leaves of Wild Lowbush Blueberry are not commonly consumed; it’s the berries that are eaten raw or used in jams.

32: Young leaves of Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) are typically consumed how?
A: As a salad vegetable
B: Only dried into tea
C: Boiled in soups
D: Fermented into juice
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Young leaves of Yarrow are edible and often used as a salad vegetable.

33: Amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus) leaves and seeds are versatile. Which of these is incorrect?
A: Leaves boiled as a vegetable
B: Shoots used raw
C: Seeds ground to flour
D: Flowers used for extracting oil
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Amaranth flowers are not commonly used for extracting oil.

34: The young leaves and shoots of Spear saltbush (Atriplex patula) serve as a substitute for what?
A: Kale
B: Spinach
C: Carrot greens
D: Lettuce
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Young leaves and shoots of Spear saltbush can be used as a substitute for spinach.

35: Ice plant (Carpobrotus edulis) produces which part that is edible?
A: Roots
B: Leaves
C: Figs
D: Seeds
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The figs produced by Ice plant are edible.

36: Fat-hen (Chenopodium album) leaves and young shoots can be eaten in what form?
A: Only dried
B: Edible raw or cooked
C: Fermented
D: Pickled
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Fat-hen leaves and young shoots are edible raw or cooked.

37: The young shoots of Good-King-Henry (Chenopodium bonus-henricus) can be prepared like which vegetable?
A: Carrots
B: Potatoes
C: Asparagus
D: Broccoli
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The young shoots of Good-King-Henry can be cooked like asparagus.

38: What part of the Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is primarily used as a salt substitute?
A: Dried stems
B: Ash
C: Leaves
D: Flowers
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The ash of Cogongrass is used as a salt substitute.

39: Poppy seeds (Papaver rhoeas) are harvested when which characteristic is observed?
A: Always green
B: Dry, gray-brown, and holed
C: Juicy and red
D: Just bloomed
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Poppy seeds are harvested when the seed heads are dry, gray-brown, and holed.

40: Young shoots of Samphire (Salicornia species) are edible in which month?
A: February
B: June or July
C: December
D: September
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Samphire young shoots are typically edible in June or July.

41: Maidenstears (Silene vulgaris) are commonly known by which edible parts?
A: Young shoots and leaves
B: Flowers
C: Roots
D: Seed pods
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Maidenstears have young shoots and leaves that are edible.

42: Chickweed (Stellaria media) is known for being edible in which form?
A: Seeds
B: Stems and leaves
C: Fruit
D: Flowers
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The stems and leaves of Chickweed are edible.

43: How can dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) leaves be consumed?
A: Roasted only
B: Edible raw or cooked
C: Only in teas
D: Cannot be consumed
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Dandelion leaves are edible raw or cooked.

44: Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) young shoots and leaves require what preparation before being edible?
A: Roasted
B: Soaked or boiled
C: Sun-dried
D: Fried
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Stinging nettle young shoots and leaves need to be soaked or boiled before being edible.

45: What is the primary use of Rubus species in foraged plants?
A: As herbal medicine
B: Eaten as fruit
C: Only ornamental
D: Used for dye
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Rubus species are primarily used for their edible fruit.

46: What should foragers always do before assuming any wild plant is edible?
A: Taste a small amount first
B: Carefully identify the species
C: Cook it thoroughly
D: Ask someone else to eat it first
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Foragers are instructed to carefully identify species to ensure edibility.

47: Which guideline is suggested by the U.S. Army for testing potential edible plants for skin reactions?
A: Boil and taste
B: Contact dermal test
C: Dry and rub on skin
D: Steam and eat
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: U.S. Army guidelines advise to test for contact dermatitis.

48: How long should a forager chew and hold a pinch of a plant in their mouth before swallowing, as per guidelines?
A: 5 minutes
B: 15 seconds
C: 15 minutes
D: 30 minutes
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Foragers are advised to chew and hold a pinch in the mouth for 15 minutes before swallowing.

49: If any negative effect is observed when testing a plant’s edibility, what immediate action is recommended?
A: Ignore it
B: Induce vomiting and drink plenty of water
C: Sleep it off
D: Eat more to confirm the reaction
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Inducing vomiting and drinking a high quantity of water is advised if any negative effect results.

50: Improperly stored specimens of edible plants can lead to what risk?
A: Enhanced color and taste
B: Potential food poisoning
C: Increased nutritional value
D: Extended shelf life
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Old or improperly stored specimens can cause food poisoning.

51: What part of the medlar fruit makes it edible?
A: Peels
B: Fermentation
C: Bletting process
D: Cooking
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Medlar fruit becomes edible after the bletting process, which softens it.

52: Oak acorns need what processing step to become usable as flour?
A: Drying immediately
B: Grinding without any preparation
C: Leaching out bitter tannins in water
D: Roasting over fire
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Oak acorns must have their bitter tannins leached out in water to be used as flour.

53: Golden currant berries are notable for their what?
A: Sweetness
B: Tartness
C: Bitterness
D: Mild flavor
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Golden currant berries are notable for their tartness.

54: How is the fat-hen’s young shoot distinctly compared to other parts of the plant?
A: More pungent
B: Used immediately
C: Edible raw or cooked up to early summer
D: Always bitter
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The young shoots of fat-hen are edible raw or cooked until early summer.

55: Which part of Scots pine, aside from needles, is considered a consumable yet unusual snack?
A: Cones boiled
B: Nuts, though tiny and hard to extract from the cones
C: Bark shaved and dried
D: Sap sucked directly
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Scots pine nuts are consumable but tiny and difficult to extract from the cones.

56: If wild cherry is harvested directly from hedgerows, what form is common for immediate consumption?
A: Dried
B: Eaten raw
C: Fermented
D: Pickled
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Wild cherries from hedgerows are typically eaten raw.

57: Which process is usually recommended to enhance the usability of the elderberry?
A: Eating it raw
B: Cooking to remove mild toxicity
C: Steamed without water
D: Ground into powder
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Elderberries should be cooked to remove their mild toxicity before consumption.

58: Rowans are better consumed how than their raw form despite their berries’ bitterness?
A: Juices processed
B: Bitter skin removed
C: Usually cooked in the form of jelly
D: Dried directly
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Rowan berries are often cooked to form a jelly to reduce bitterness.

59: The poppy plant seeds are significant when harvested under which feature for use in spices?
A: Dry, gray-brown seed heads
B: Jelly-like casing
C: Sprouts only
D: Only its leaves
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Poppy seeds are usually harvested when the seed heads are dry and gray-brown.

60: What unique caution should be exercised with wax currant besides occasionally being semi-toxic?
A: Eating only fully ripened berries
B: Consuming only in small quantities
C: Cooking the berries to reduce toxicity
D: Avoid during pregnancy
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Wax currant berries should be consumed cautiously in small quantities due to possible semi-toxicity.

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