Freesia Trivia Questions and Answers

1: In what year was the genus Freesia first described?
A: 1866
B: 1886
C: 1906
D: 1926
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The genus Freesia was first described by Christian Friedrich Ecklon in 1866.

2: Who is the genus Freesia named after?
A: Friedrich Freese
B: Carl Linnaeus
C: Gregor Mendel
D: Charles Darwin
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The genus Freesia is named after Friedrich Heinrich Theodor Freese, a German physician.

3: Freesia plants are native to which region?
A: Western Europe
B: Eastern Southern Africa
C: South America
D: Southeast Asia
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia plants are native to the eastern side of southern Africa, from Kenya south to South Africa.

4: Freesia belongs to which plant family?
A: Liliaceae
B: Rosaceae
C: Iridaceae
D: Asteraceae
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia belongs to the family Iridaceae.

5: What type of plant are freesias?
A: Shrubs
B: Trees
C: Herbaceous perennials
D: Vines
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesias are herbaceous perennial flowering plants.

6: What is the diameter range of a freesia corm?
A: 0.5–1 inch
B: 1–2 inches
C: 1–2.5 cm
D: 3–4 cm
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia corms usually range from 1 to 2.5 cm in diameter.

7: Which species is the type species for the genus Freesia?
A: Freesia laxa
B: Freesia refracta
C: Freesia grandiflora
D: Freesia leichtlinii
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia refracta is the type species for the genus Freesia.

8: Where is Freesia caryophyllacea primarily found?
A: Heuningrug region in the Cape Provinces
B: Langeberg in the Cape Provinces
C: Hoeks River Valley in the Cape Provinces
D: Zaire, Tanzania, Malawi
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Freesia caryophyllacea is primarily found in the Heuningrug region in the Cape Provinces.

9: What feature do many freesia species’ flowers have?
A: Large leaves
B: Fragrant, narrowly funnel-shaped flowers
C: Thorns
D: Flat, scentless petals
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Many species of freesia have fragrant, narrowly funnel-shaped flowers.

10: Which freesia species are known for having flat flowers instead of funnel-shaped ones?
A: Freesia refracta
B: Freesia leichtlinii
C: Freesia laxa
D: Freesia grandiflora
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia laxa, previously classified as Anomatheca, is known for having flat flowers.

11: What is the common use of freesia flowers in horticulture?
A: Timber production
B: Wedding bouquets
C: Vegetable farming
D: Poison control
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia flowers are commonly used in wedding bouquets because of their pleasing scent and beautiful colors.

12: How many growers in the Netherlands primarily cultivate freesia?
A: 50
B: 60
C: 70
D: 80
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Around 80 professional growers cultivate freesia in the Netherlands.

13: Which freesia species is naturalized in both Florida and California?
A: Freesia viridis
B: Freesia leichtlinii
C: Freesia caryophyllacea
D: Freesia laxa
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia leichtlinii is naturalized in Florida and California.

14: What is the shape of leaves in freesia plants?
A: Broad and flat
B: Wide and rounded
C: Narrow and long
D: Circular and spiky
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia plants have narrow leaves that are usually 10–30 cm long.

15: Which freesia species is naturalized in Madeira, Mauritius, and Réunion?
A: Freesia laxa
B: Freesia viridis
C: Freesia grandiflora
D: Freesia refracta
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Freesia laxa is naturalized in Madeira, Mauritius, and Réunion.

16: What is the primary growth form of freesias?
A: Woody trees
B: Vines
C: Herbaceous plants
D: Shrubs
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesias are herbaceous plants.

17: Which freesia species can be found in Zambia and Zimbabwe?
A: Freesia corymbosa
B: Freesia grandiflora
C: Freesia praecox
D: Freesia fergusiae
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia grandiflora is found in Zambia and Zimbabwe.

18: Freesia plants grow from which underground structure?
A: Bulbs
B: Tubers
C: Corms
D: Rhizomes
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia plants grow from a conical corm.

19: What type of flowers do modern tetraploid freesia cultivars have?
A: Green and violet
B: Red and blue
C: White to yellow, pink, red, and blue-mauve
D: Black and white
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Modern tetraploid cultivars of freesia have flowers ranging from white to yellow, pink, red, and blue-mauve.

20: What was Freesia laxa formerly called?
A: Anomatheca cruenta
B: Freesia refracta subsp. laxa
C: Freesia grandiflora subsp. laxa
D: Tritonia laxa
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Freesia laxa was formerly called Anomatheca cruenta.

21: Which species of freesia has been bred for pink- and yellow-flowered forms?
A: Freesia laxa
B: Freesia grandiflora
C: Freesia corymbosa
D: Freesia refracta
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia corymbosa has pink- and yellow-flowered forms.

22: In which subfamily is the genus Freesia classified?
A: Crocoideae
B: Amaryllidoideae
C: Scilloideae
D: Agapanthoideae
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The genus Freesia is classified in the subfamily Crocoideae.

23: Which part of the freesia plant is often included in hand creams and shampoos?
A: Roots
B: Leaves
C: Flowers
D: Stems
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The flowers of freesia plants are often used in hand creams, shampoos, and candles due to their scent.

24: Freesia refracta is a garden cultivar found in which region?
A: France
B: Canary Islands
C: Bermuda
D: All of the above
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Freesia refracta is naturalized in France, the Canary Islands, Bermuda, and other regions.

25: Which assistant of the freesia plant tribe is known for flat flowers?
A: Anomatheca
B: Freesia albescens
C: Tritonia laxiflora
D: Curculigo
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The former genus Anomatheca, now included in Freesia, is known for flat flowers.

26: Freesia plants are used as food by larvae of some species of which insect group?
A: Bees
B: Butterflies
C: Moths
D: Beetles
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia plants are used as food by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the large yellow underwing moth.

27: Freesia species are primarily found in which provinces of South Africa?
A: Gauteng and Mpumalanga
B: KwaZulu-Natal and Limpopo
C: Northern and Eastern Cape Provinces
D: Free State and North West
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Most species of Freesia are found in the Cape Provinces in South Africa.

28: The hybrid Freesia species used in horticulture were developed during which century?
A: 17th century
B: 18th century
C: 19th century
D: 20th century
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The hybrid Freesia species used in horticulture were developed in the 19th century.

29: Which characteristic scent is commonly associated with freesias?
A: Bitter
B: Spicy
C: Sweet and pleasing
D: Woody
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesias are known for their sweet and pleasing scent.

30: Which free-standing stem length range do freesias typically have?
A: 15–30 cm
B: 20–45 cm
C: 10–40 cm
D: 5–15 cm
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia plants have sparsely branched stems ranging from 10 to 40 cm in height.

31: A common use of freesia flowers, aside from bouquets, is in which products?
A: Paints
B: Shampoos
C: Fabrics
D: Toys
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia flowers are commonly used in shampoos due to their pleasing scent.

32: Where are Freesia grandiflora naturally found?
A: Australia
B: South America
C: Southern and Eastern Africa
D: Northern Europe
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia grandiflora can be found in southern and eastern Africa, including Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

33: What does the inflorescence of a typical freesia plant look like?
A: Single bloom
B: Dense cluster
C: Loose one-sided spike
D: Drooping panicle
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The inflorescence of a freesia typically forms a loose, one-sided spike of flowers.

34: Freesias are largely cultivated by professional growers in which European country?
A: Germany
B: Italy
C: Netherlands
D: France
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesias are mostly cultivated professionally in the Netherlands.

35: Which clade do freesias belong to?
A: Gymnosperms
B: Monocots
C: Pteridophytes
D: Bryophytes
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesias belong to the clade Monocots.

36: How are freesias used in relation to Lepidoptera larvae?
A: As a shelter
B: As a food source
C: As a breeding ground
D: As attractants for pollination
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia plants serve as a food source for the larvae of some Lepidoptera species.

37: Which freesia species is not naturalized in Florida?
A: Freesia laxa
B: Freesia leichtlinii
C: Freesia caryophyllacea
D: Freesia grandiflora
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia caryophyllacea is primarily found in the Cape Provinces and is not listed as naturalized in Florida.

38: Which Freesia species has the common name “large yellow underwing” as part of their Lepidoptera associations?
A: Freesia grandiflora
B: Freesia refracta
C: Freesia laxa
D: Freesia leichtlinii
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia refracta is associated with feeding the larvae of large yellow underwing moths.

39: What is the Freesia genus’s close flowering relative?
A: Rose
B: Lily
C: Tulip
D: Gladiolus
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Freesia belongs to the family Iridaceae, closely related to Gladiolus.

40: Freesia leichtlinii is naturalized in which two countries outside of the Americas?
A: France, Canary Islands
B: Corsica, Argentina
C: California, Florida
D: Madeira, Bermuda
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia leichtlinii is naturalized in regions outside the Americas like Corsica and Argentina.

41: Which of these species is not included in the reclassification from Anomatheca to Freesia?
A: Freesia laxa
B: Freesia grandiflora
C: Freesia viridis
D: Freesia armstrongii
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Freesia armstrongii is a synonym for Freesia corymbosa, not part of the Anomatheca reclassification.

42: What is the characteristic shape of cultivated Freesia flowers?
A: Cup-shaped
B: Bell-shaped
C: Star-shaped
D: Funnel-shaped
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Cultivated freesia flowers are typically funnel-shaped.

43: Who contributed to describing the genus Freesia in the 19th century?
A: Carl Linnaeus
B: Gregor Mendel
C: Christian Friedrich Ecklon
D: Charles Darwin
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Christian Friedrich Ecklon first described the genus Freesia in 1866.

44: Naturally, in which global locations can Freesia laxa not be found?
A: Australia
B: Madeira
C: Mauritius
D: Japan
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Freesia laxa is naturalized in Madeira, Mauritius, and other regions but not Japan.

45: Freesias’ attractive scent makes them popular in which industry?
A: Culinary arts
B: Construction
C: Floristry and personal care products
D: Automotive
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesias’ pleasing scent makes them popular in floristry and personal care products like hand creams and shampoos.

46: Name one characteristic absent in Freesia flowers from the former Anomatheca genus.
A: Cup-shape
B: Sweet Scent
C: Flower Fragrance
D: Flat Flowers
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia flowers from the former Anomatheca genus have flat flowers and may lack the strong fragrance typical of other freesia species.

47: Where is Freesia fucata specifically found?
A: Northern Cape
B: Southern Cape
C: Hoeks River Valley
D: Langeberg
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia fucata is specifically found in the Hoeks River Valley in the Cape Provinces.

48: Freesia flowers are commonly found in what color range in modern horticulture?
A: Green and brown
B: White to yellow, pink, red, and blue-mauve
C: Orange and black
D: Gray and silver
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In modern horticulture, freesia flowers commonly range from white to yellow, pink, red, and blue-mauve.

49: Freesia species are often found in what part of their native habitats?
A: Alpine regions
B: Coastal forests
C: Savannas and meadows
D: Arctic tundra
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesias typically inhabit savannas and meadows in their native regions.

50: Cultivated freesias hybridized between which two species are prominent in floristry?
A: Freesia laxa and Freesia refracta
B: Freesia refracta and Freesia leichtlinii
C: Freesia corymbosa and Freesia verrucosa
D: Freesia grandiflora and Freesia sparrmanii
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The main cultivated freesias in floristry are hybrids between Freesia refracta and Freesia leichtlinii.

51: What is the main growth form of Freesia viridis described in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine?
A: Herbaceous
B: Woody
C: Shrub
D: Tree
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Freesia viridis is described as herbaceous in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine.

52: Freesia praecox is mainly found in which area?
A: Western Cape
B: Hoeks River Valley
C: Free State
D: Northern Cape
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Freesia praecox is mainly found in the Cape Provinces (Western Cape specifically).

53: Where are Freesia verrucosa’s native growing regions?
A: Langeberg and Cape Provinces
B: California and Argentina
C: Tanzania and Mauritius
D: Zaire and Zimbabwe
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Freesia verrucosa is native to the Langeberg region in the Cape Provinces.

54: Freesia corms can be typically found at what depth in soil?
A: 2–4 cm
B: 5–7 cm
C: 8–10 cm
D: 1–2.5 cm
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Freesia corms are typically found at a shallow depth of 1–2.5 cm in soil.

55: What species of Freesia is found from Rwanda to the Cape Provinces?
A: Freesia viridis
B: Freesia grandiflora
C: Freesia laxa
D: Freesia marginata
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia laxa ranges from Rwanda to the Cape Provinces and is also naturalized in multiple regions.

56: Freesia alba can be found under what subspecies?
A: Freesia laxa subsp. laxa
B: Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba
C: Freesia grandiflora subsp. alba
D: Freesia refracta subsp. alba
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia alba is also known as Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba.

57: What is unique about freesia species included from the former Anomatheca?
A: Larger Leaves
B: Stronger Stems
C: Flat Flowers
D: Taller Growth
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Species from the former genus Anomatheca, now included in Freesia, are distinguished by their flat flowers.

58: Freesia marginata is endemic to which region within South Africa?
A: Eastern Cape
B: Western Cape
C: Northern Cape
D: Free State
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesia marginata is found in the Western Cape of South Africa.

59: Freesias are classified in which order?
A: Liliales
B: Asparagales
C: Asterales
D: Poales
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Freesias are classified in the order Asparagales.

60: Freesia speciosa, mistaken identity due to synonymy, is found in which South African province?
A: Free State
B: KwaZulu-Natal
C: Cape Provinces
D: Northern Cape
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Freesia speciosa (syn. F. flava) is found in the Cape Provinces.

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