Greece Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

Santorini, Greece

1: Which country is officially referred to as the Hellenic Republic?

A: Italy

B: Greece

C: Turkey

D: Cyprus

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Greece is officially known as the Hellenic Republic, a term derived from the ancient name for Greece, Hellas.

2: What is the motto of Greece?

A: Unity in Diversity

B: Freedom or Death

C: Strength in Unity

D: In God We Trust

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Greece’s national motto, “Freedom or Death” (Elefthería í Thánatos), reflects the nation’s long struggle for independence.

3: Who is the current President of Greece as of 2024?

A: Kyriakos Mitsotakis

B: Konstantinos Tasoulas

C: Katerina Sakellaropoulou

D: Alexis Tsipras

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Katerina Sakellaropoulou is the President of Greece, having been elected in 2020 as the first female president of the country.

4: When is Greek Independence Day celebrated?

A: 15 March

B: 25 March

C: 3 February

D: 24 July

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Greek Independence Day is celebrated on March 25th, marking the start of the War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire in 1821.

5: What is the capital and largest city of Greece?

A: Thessaloniki

B: Patras

C: Athens

D: Rhodes

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece, known for its historical significance and ancient monuments.

6: Greece has the longest coastline on which sea?

A: Baltic Sea

B: North Sea

C: Mediterranean Sea

D: Black Sea

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Greece has the longest coastline in the Mediterranean Basin, bordered by several seas including the Aegean, Ionian, and Mediterranean Sea itself.

7: In which year did Greece join the European Union?

A: 1975

B: 1981

C: 1992

D: 2001

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Greece became the tenth member of what is today the European Union in 1981.

8: What is Greece’s highest mountain?

A: Mount Vesuvius

B: Mount Etna

C: Mount Olympus

D: Mount Sinai

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Mount Olympus, with its peak Mytikas at 2,918 meters, is the highest mountain in Greece and mythologically known as the home of the ancient Greek gods.

9: Which ancient Greek city-state was the birthplace of democracy?

A: Sparta

B: Corinth

C: Athens

D: Thebes

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Athens is credited as the birthplace of democracy, establishing one of the earliest forms of direct democracy under Cleisthenes in 508 BC.

10: Which sea lies to the east of Greece?

A: Ionian Sea

B: Adriatic Sea

C: Aegean Sea

D: Black Sea

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Aegean Sea lies to the east of mainland Greece, bordered by numerous Greek islands.

11: Who led the Panhellenic campaign against the Persian Empire?

A: Philip II of Macedon

B: Pericles

C: Alexander the Great

D: Leonidas I

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Alexander the Great, son of Philip II of Macedon, led the successful Panhellenic campaign against the Persian Empire in the 4th century BC.

12: What event marks the end of the Greek Dark Ages?

A: The Battle of Marathon

B: The first Olympic Games

C: The Peloponnesian War

D: The Persian Wars

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The end of the Greek Dark Ages is traditionally dated to 776 BC, the year of the first Olympic Games.

13: What language is the official language of Greece?

A: Latin

B: Turkish

C: Greek

D: Italian

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Greek is the official and national language of Greece.

14: Greece is a founding member of which international organization?

A: NATO

B: United Nations

C: European Union

D: World Trade Organization

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Greece is a founding member of the United Nations, established in 1945.

15: What percentage of Greece’s population identified as Christian in 2017?

A: 93%

B: 85%

C: 78%

D: 66%

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: In 2017, 93% of Greece’s population identified as Christian, with Greek Orthodoxy being the dominant faith at 90%.

16: What is the name of the Greek National Anthem?

A: The Star-Spangled Banner

B: God Save the Queen

C: La Marseillaise

D: Hymn to Liberty

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The Greek National Anthem is called “Hymn to Liberty” (Ímnos is tin Eleftherían).

17: Which year did Greece host the modern Olympic Games for the second time?

A: 1896

B: 1964

C: 1980

D: 2004

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Greece hosted the modern Olympic Games for the second time in Athens in 2004.

18: Which body of water is located to the west of mainland Greece?

A: Sea of Marmara

B: Sea of Crete

C: Ionian Sea

D: Adriatic Sea

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Ionian Sea lies to the west of mainland Greece.

19: What is the currency of Greece?

A: Drachma

B: Euro

C: Pound

D: Dollar

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The official currency of Greece is the Euro (€), which was adopted in 2001.

20: What is the Greek word for ‘Republic’?

A: Polis

B: Kratos

C: Demokratía

D: Anarchy

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Greek word for ‘Republic’ is ‘Demokratía,’ as seen in the official name “Ellinikí Dimokratía.”

21: Who led the Greek Orthodox Church during the first century AD?

A: St. Peter

B: St. John

C: St. Paul

D: St. Andrew

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: St. Andrew, one of the twelve apostles, is traditionally recognized as the founder of the Greek Orthodox Church.

22: Which famous Greek philosopher was the student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle?

A: Euripides

B: Plato

C: Pythagoras

D: Sophocles

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Plato was a student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle, and his works laid much of the foundation of Western philosophy.

23: What is Greece’s internet TLD (top-level domain)?

A: .gr

B: .ge

C: .gl

D: .gg

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Greece’s internet top-level domain (TLD) is .gr.

24: What is the approximate population of Greece as of 2023?

A: 15 million

B: 12 million

C: 10.4 million

D: 8 million

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: As of January 2023, Greece’s population is approximately 10.4 million.

25: What percentage of Greece’s territory is covered by water?

A: 0.5%

B: 1.51%

C: 3.0%

D: 5.2%

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: According to the most recent data, Greece’s territory is covered by 1.51% water.

26: What was the total GDP (nominal) of Greece estimated to be in 2024?

A: $250.276 billion

B: $150.243 billion

C: $300.312 billion

D: $200.214 billion

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Greece’s total nominal GDP was estimated to be $250.276 billion in 2024.

27: Which Greek island is the largest in terms of area?

A: Rhodes

B: Euboea

C: Lesbos

D: Crete

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Crete is the largest Greek island by area.

28: Which Greek island is known for the Minoan civilization?

A: Crete

B: Zakynthos

C: Rhodes

D: Skiathos

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Crete was home to the ancient Minoan civilization, which flourished from around 2700 to 1500 BCE.

29: Who were the ancient Greek warriors known for their disciplined and strategic warfare?

A: Athenians

B: Spartans

C: Mycenaeans

D: Corinthians

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Spartans were known for their disciplined and strategic approach to warfare.

30: What type of government does Greece have?

A: Monarchy

B: Theocracy

C: Unitary parliamentary republic

D: Federal republic

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Greece is a unitary parliamentary republic.

31: Which year did the first Olympic Games of the modern era take place in Greece?

A: 1900

B: 1896

C: 1908

D: 1912

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The first modern Olympic Games took place in Athens, Greece, in 1896.

32: What is the name of the palace that served as the royal residence of the Greek monarchs?

A: Acropolis

B: Palace of Knossos

C: Old Royal Palace

D: Zappeion

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Old Royal Palace in Athens served as the royal residence of the Greek monarchs.

33: Who is known as the “Father of History” and wrote extensively about Greece in antiquity?

A: Homer

B: Herodotus

C: Thucydides

D: Sophocles

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Herodotus is known as the “Father of History” and wrote extensively about ancient Greek histories.

34: Which significant structure was built on the Acropolis of Athens during the ancient Greek period?

A: Colosseum

B: Parthenon

C: Pantheon

D: Forum

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, was built on the Acropolis of Athens.

35: What is the national religion officially designated by the Greek Constitution?

A: Roman Catholicism

B: Islam

C: Eastern Orthodoxy

D: Judaism

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Greek Constitution designates Eastern Orthodoxy as the prevailing religion, recognizing the Church of Greece’s status.

36: When was the modern Greek state established following its independence?

A: 1783

B: 1830

C: 1920

D: 1950

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The modern Greek state was established in 1830 following independence from the Ottoman Empire.

37: Where is Mount Athos, an autonomous monastic state, located in Greece?

A: Crete

B: Rhodes

C: Peloponnese

D: Central Macedonia

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Mount Athos is located in the region of Central Macedonia and is an autonomous monastic state.

38: Which early Greek civilization is famous for its undeciphered script known as Linear A?

A: Homeric

B: Mycenaean

C: Minoan

D: Dorian

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Minoan civilization used an undeciphered script known as Linear A.

39: Who was the Greek philosopher who tutored Alexander the Great?

A: Socrates

B: Plato

C: Aristotle

D: Heraclitus

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Aristotle was the philosopher who tutored Alexander the Great.

40: In which year did the Byzantine Empire fall to the Ottomans, marking the end of its rule?

A: 1204

B: 1354

C: 1453

D: 1523

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Byzantine Empire fell to the Ottomans in 1453 with the capture of Constantinople.

41: Which famous ancient Greek poet is credited with writing the Iliad and the Odyssey?

A: Sappho

B: Pindar

C: Hesiod

D: Homer

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Homer is credited with writing the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.

42: What is the traditional Greek dance that involves a circle of dancers holding hands?

A: Flamenco

B: Polka

C: Sirtaki

D: Waltz

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Sirtaki is a famous Greek dance that involves a circle of dancers holding hands and moving together rhythmically.

43: Which natural disaster famously destroyed the Minoan civilization on Crete around 1500 BCE?

A: Tsunami

B: Earthquake

C: Volcanic eruption

D: Flood

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: A volcanic eruption on the island of Thera (present-day Santorini) is believed to have significantly contributed to the decline of the Minoan civilization.

44: What is the primary export of Greece’s agricultural sector?

A: Corn

B: Wine

C: Olives

D: Citrus fruits

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Olives and olive oil are Greece’s primary exports from its agricultural sector, reflecting the country’s long history of olive cultivation.

45: What famous historical conflict involved a horse and a lengthy siege?

A: The Trojan War

B: The Peloponnesian War

C: The Persian Wars

D: The Macedonian Wars

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Trojan War, famously involving the Trojan Horse, is one of the most legendary conflicts in Greek mythology.

46: Greece’s .eu internet domain indicates membership in which larger political and economic entity?

A: NATO

B: European Union

C: United Nations

D: Schengen Area

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The .eu domain indicates membership in the European Union.

47: How many UNESCO World Heritage Sites does Greece have?

A: 9

B: 13

C: 19

D: 24

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Greece boasts 19 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, reflecting its rich historical and cultural heritage.

48: Which ancient Greek physician is known as the “Father of Medicine”?

A: Hippocrates

B: Socrates

C: Pythagoras

D: Aristophanes

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Hippocrates is often referred to as the “Father of Medicine” for his contributions to the field and the Hippocratic Oath.

49: When did Greece adopt the euro as its official currency?

A: 2000

B: 2001

C: 2002

D: 2003

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Greece adopted the euro as its official currency on January 1, 2002.

50: Which mythological hero performed twelve labors, including slaying the Nemean Lion?

A: Theseus

B: Perseus

C: Hercules

D: Achilles

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Hercules, also known as Heracles, is the mythological hero known for performing the twelve labors.

51: What is Greece’s highest-ranking university often recognized for academic excellence?

A: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

B: University of Crete

C: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

D: University of Patras

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens is one of Greece’s most prestigious institutions, known for its academic excellence.

52: Which Greek island is famous for its shipwreck bay, known as Navagio?

A: Zakynthos

B: Mykonos

C: Crete

D: Corfu

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Navagio Bay, often referred to as Shipwreck Bay, is located on the island of Zakynthos.

53: What is the name of the traditional Greek spirit often consumed with meze?

A: Vodka

B: Tequila

C: Ouzo

D: Gin

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Ouzo is a traditional Greek spirit, typically enjoyed with small plates of appetizers known as meze.

54: Which Greek island was remarkably spared during World War II and remains largely unchanged?

A: Santorini

B: Hydra

C: Mykonos

D: Delos

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The island of Hydra was largely spared from modern development during World War II, maintaining its traditional character.

55: What significant international agreement in 1952 laid the foundation for the European Union, of which Greece is a member?

A: Maastricht Treaty

B: Treaty of Rome

C: Schuman Declaration

D: Paris Treaty

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Treaty of Rome, signed in 1957, established the European Economic Community, a precursor to the European Union, which Greece joined in 1981.

56: In which Greek city is the White Tower located, a famous Ottoman-era monument?

A: Heraklion

B: Thessaloniki

C: Athens

D: Patras

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The White Tower is a prominent historical monument located in the city of Thessaloniki.

57: What is the ancient Greek term for city-states, which were prominent in classical Greece?

A: Polis

B: Krater

C: Agora

D: Acropolis

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The term “polis” refers to the independent city-states that were a central feature of ancient Greek civilization.

58: Who is considered the preeminent sculptor of ancient Greece, known for works such as the statue of Zeus at Olympia?

A: Phidias

B: Polykleitos

C: Myron

D: Praxiteles

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Phidias was one of the most renowned sculptors of ancient Greece, famous for his statue of Zeus at Olympia, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

59: Which famous battle in 490 BC was a decisive victory for the Greeks against the Persians?

A: Marathon

B: Thermopylae

C: Salamis

D: Plataea

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Battle of Marathon in 490 BC was a pivotal Greek victory against the invading Persian forces.

60: What is the name of the unique natural formation in Greece that is home to a complex of monasteries?

A: Vikos Gorge

B: Meteora

C: Samaria Gorge

D: Mount Athos

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Meteora is a stunning rock formation in Greece, hosting a complex of monasteries perched atop its cliffs.

Source:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greece

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