Hawaii Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

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1: What is the nickname commonly used to refer to the island of Hawaii?

A: The Small Island

B: The Big Island

C: The Golden Isle

D: The Sand Isle

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The island of Hawaii is often referred to as The Big Island to distinguish it from the state and due to its large size relative to the other Hawaiian Islands.

2: Which flower is a symbol of the island of Hawaii?

A: White Gardenia

B: Yellow Hibiscus

C: Red Pua Lehua (‘Ohi’a blossom)

D: Pink Plumeria

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The red Pua Lehua, also known as the ‘Ohi’a blossom, is the island’s symbolic flower.

3: What is the highest point on the island of Hawaii?

A: Haleakalā

B: Mauna Loa

C: Hualālai

D: Mauna Kea

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Mauna Kea is the highest point on the island, rising to 13,803 feet (4207.2 meters).

4: What is the largest settlement on the island of Hawaii?

A: Kailua-Kona

B: Waimea

C: Hilo

D: Pāhoa

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Hilo is the largest settlement and the county seat of Hawaii County.

5: What percentage of the Hawaiian archipelago’s population resides on the island of Hawaii, despite it having 63% of the landmass?

A: 27%

B: 45%

C: 35%

D: 13%

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The island of Hawaii has 13% of the Hawaiian archipelago’s population.

6: Who was Kamehameha the Great and what did he do?

A: He was a missionary who introduced Christianity to Hawaii.

B: He was an explorer who discovered the Hawaiian Islands.

C: He was a king who united most of the Hawaiian islands under his rule in 1795.

D: He was a sailor who brought European settlers to Hawaii.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Kamehameha the Great united most of the Hawaiian islands under his rule in 1795 after several years of war.

7: What is the tallest mountain in the world when measured from its sea floor base to its peak?

A: Mount Everest

B: Kilimanjaro

C: Mauna Kea

D: Denali

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Mauna Kea is considered the world’s tallest mountain when measured from its sea floor base to its peak, reaching about 33,000 feet.

8: What is the southernmost point in the 50 United States located on the island of Hawaii?

A: South Point

B: Key West

C: Malibu Beach

D: Orange Beach

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Ka Lae, also known as South Point, is the southernmost point in the 50 United States.

9: Which island is visible from Hawaii across the Alenuihaha Channel?

A: Kauai

B: Oahu

C: Molokai

D: Maui

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Maui is visible from Hawaii across the Alenuihaha Channel.

10: Which Hawaiian volcano erupted in 2022 after 38 years of dormancy?

A: Mauna Kea

B: Kīlauea

C: Hualālai

D: Mauna Loa

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Mauna Loa erupted in 2022 after being dormant for 38 years.

11: How many separate shield volcanoes make up the island of Hawaii?

A: 4

B: 5

C: 6

D: 7

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The island of Hawaii is built from five separate shield volcanoes: Kohala, Mauna Kea, Hualālai, Mauna Loa, and Kīlauea.

12: What event caused damage to downtown Hilo in 1946 and 1960?

A: Earthquakes

B: Hurricanes

C: Tsunamis

D: Volcanic eruptions

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Tsunamis caused by earthquakes in Alaska in 1946 and in Chile in 1960 caused significant damage to downtown Hilo.

13: What is the term used for the volcanic fog that envelops the island of Hawaii when Kīlauea is active?

A: Smog

B: Fog

C: Vog

D: Haze

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Vog, or volcanic fog, can envelop the island of Hawaii when Kīlauea is active.

14: What is one of the United States’ largest cattle ranches located on the island of Hawaii?

A: King Ranch

B: Parker Ranch

C: Triple Crown Ranch

D: Santa Gertrudis Ranch

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Parker Ranch in Waimea is one of the largest cattle ranches in the United States.

15: What two major airports serve the island of Hawaii?

A: Lihue and Lanai

B: Hilo and Kapalua

C: Hilo and Kona

D: Molokai and Hana

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Hilo International Airport and Kona International Airport are the two major airports serving the island.

16: What educational center located in Hilo explores the cultural and scientific aspects of astronomy?

A: Imiloa Astronomy Center

B: Space Exploration Center

C: Mauna Kea Observatory

D: Keck Observatory

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The ‘Imiloa Astronomy Center in Hilo explores the cultural and scientific aspects of astronomy.

17: Which national park on the island of Hawaii encompasses active volcanoes?

A: Pu’uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park

B: Haleakalā National Park

C: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

D: Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park encompasses active volcanoes Kīlauea and Mauna Loa.

18: Which island feature was created by lava flows from Kīlauea, destroying several towns in the process?

A: Pearl Harbor

B: Great Crack

C: Queen’s Bath

D: South Point

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Queen’s Bath, a large freshwater pool, was filled in by lava flows from Kīlauea, destroying several towns in the process.

19: What major agricultural products are grown on the island of Hawaii?

A: Wheat and corn

B: Tobacco and soybeans

C: Macadamia nuts, papaya, flowers, tropical and temperate vegetables, and coffee beans

D: Grapes and olives

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Major agricultural products on the island include macadamia nuts, papaya, flowers, tropical and temperate vegetables, and coffee beans.

20: What historic trail on the island of Hawaii is a designated National Historic Trail?

A: King’s Trail

B: Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail

C: North Shore Trail

D: Blue Ridge Trail

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail is a designated National Historic Trail on the island.

21: What is the Hawaiian term for the traditional temples found on the island?

A: Tapa

B: Lani

C: Heiau

D: Kula

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The traditional temples in Hawaii are known as heiau.

22: What is the importance of the Kohala Historical Sites State Monument on the island of Hawaii?

A: It hosts the island’s largest cattle ranch.

B: It preserves one of the most significant heiau (temples) in Hawaii.

C: It is a major shopping center.

D: It is the largest airport on the island.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Kohala Historical Sites State Monument preserves the Mookini Heiau, one of the most significant temples in Hawaii.

23: Which island feature is famous for its black sand beaches?

A: Kona Coast

B: Waikoloa Beach

C: Punalu’u

D: Hapuna Beach

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Punalu’u Black Sand Beach is famous for its unique black sand beaches.

24: What is the current population density of the island of Hawaii according to the 2020 census?

A: 23.5/sq mi

B: 49.8/sq mi

C: 75.3/sq mi

D: 100.2/sq mi

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The population density of the island of Hawaii is 49.8 people per square mile according to the 2020 census.

25: What type of natural disaster in 1868 was the most destructive in Hawaii’s recorded history?

A: Tsunami

B: Volcanic eruption

C: Hurricane

D: Earthquake

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The earthquake of 1868, with an estimated magnitude between 7.25 and 7.9, was the most destructive in Hawaii’s recorded history.

26: Which area of Hawaii is known to house numerous telescopes for astronomical observations?

A: Hilo Town

B: Kona Coast

C: Mauna Kea Observatories

D: Puna District

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Mauna Kea Observatories are known for housing numerous telescopes used for astronomical observations.

27: What is the Hawaiian term for the district of South Point, which is also a popular tourist attraction?

A: Ka Lae

B: Hana

C: Kihei

D: Molokai

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The district of South Point, which is a popular tourist attraction, is known as Ka Lae in Hawaiian.

28: What event triggered evacuations on the island of Hawaii in May 2018?

A: An earthquake swarm

B: A series of hurricanes

C: A volcanic eruption in Puna

D: A tsunami warning

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: A volcanic eruption in Puna in May 2018 triggered evacuations on the island.

29: What is the significance of the Great Crack on the island of Hawaii?

A: It’s a popular tourist beach.

B: It is a large shopping district.

C: It’s a significant geological fissure.

D: It’s the highest mountain peak.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Great Crack is a significant geological fissure on the island, resulting from crustal dilation from magmatic intrusions.

30: Which volcano on the island of Hawaii has destroyed towns such as Kapoho and Kalapana with its lava flows?

A: Mauna Kea

B: Kīlauea

C: Hualālai

D: Mauna Loa

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Kīlauea has destroyed several towns, including Kapoho and Kalapana, with its lava flows.

31: What natural feature forms at beaches where lava meets the ocean, such as seen in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park?

A: White sand

B: Coral reefs

C: Black sand beaches

D: Rocky cliffs

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Black sand beaches form where lava meets the ocean and cools rapidly, as seen in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.

32: What alternative energy and ocean science park can be found on the west side of the island?

A: NELHA (Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority)

B: Mauna Kea Science Center

C: Hilo Energy Park

D: Kona Solar Center

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority (NELHA) is a green economic development ocean science and technology park on the west side of the island.

33: Which bay is also known as “Magic Sands” on the island of Hawaii?

A: Hilo Bay

B: Kailua Bay

C: La’aloa Bay

D: Kealakekua Bay

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: La’aloa Bay, also known as “Magic Sands,” is located in Kailua-Kona.

34: What are the three Hawaii Scenic Byways located on the island of Hawaii?

A: Hana Highway, Pali Highway, Kapiolani Boulevard

B: Kaʻu Scenic Byway, Royal Footsteps Along the Kona Coast, Mamalahoa Kona Heritage Center

C: Waikiki Drive, Diamond Head Road, Kapohokine Highway

D: Coconut Coast, North Shore Drive, East-West Freeway

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The three Hawaii Scenic Byways are Kaʻu Scenic Byway – The Slopes of Mauna Loa, Royal Footsteps Along the Kona Coast, and Mamalahoa Kona Heritage Center.

35: What activity is the island of Hawaii’s Kona District particularly known for, due to its excellent atmospheric clarity?

A: Skiing

B: Surfing

C: Astronomy

D: Whale watching

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Kona District is particularly known for astronomy due to its excellent atmospheric clarity.

36: What type of volcanic landscape feature is the Hilina Slump?

A: A waterfall

B: A lava tube

C: A large, slowly moving landslide

D: A volcanic crater

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Hilina Slump is a large, slowly moving landslide on the south slope of Kīlauea.

37: What oceanic feature lies 22 miles southeast of the island of Hawaii?

A: Cocos Island

B: Midway Atoll

C: Kamaʻehuakanaloa (formerly Lōʻihi Seamount)

D: Palmyra Atoll

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Kamaʻehuakanaloa (formerly known as Lōʻihi Seamount) is an undersea volcano located about 22 miles southeast of the island of Hawaii.

38: Which river in Hawaii is spanned by the famous ‘Akaka Falls?

A: Waipiʻo River

B: Kolekole Stream

C: Wailuku River

D: Hanawi River

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: ‘Akaka Falls is one of the tallest waterfalls on the island, and it spans the Kolekole Stream.

39: Which Hawaiian chief is said to have discovered the island according to legend?

A: Kamehameha

B: Hawaiʻiloa

C: Maui

D: Liloa

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: According to legend, the island of Hawaii is named after Hawaiʻiloa, a legendary Polynesian navigator who is said to have discovered the island.

40: What is the term used to designate the traditional land division system in Hawaii?

A: Moku

B: Ahupua’a

C: Kula

D: Lihue

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Ahupua’a refers to the traditional Hawaiian land division system.

41: What major event took place on the island of Hawaii involving William Ellis in 1822?

A: Introduction of Christianity to Hawaii

B: Description of a tour of the island published in his journal

C: Discovery of a new island

D: Eruption of Mauna Loa

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Missionary William Ellis completed a tour of the island in 1822, and his descriptions were later published in his journal.

42: What is one of the notable industries on the island of Hawaii that is known for its cultivation of a particular nut?

A: Chestnut farming

B: Almond production

C: Macadamia nut industry

D: Pistachio orchards

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The macadamia nut industry is well-known on the island of Hawaii.

43: Which institution was reported to have mismanaged the Mauna Kea Observatories, leading to calls for a body appointed by the governor to take over?

A: University of California

B: Smithsonian Institution

C: NASA

D: University of Hawaii

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Accusations of mismanagement by the University of Hawaii led to calls for a governor-appointed body to take over management of the Mauna Kea Observatories.

44: What historic place in Kailua-Kona was once a residence for Hawaiian royalty?

A: Pearl Harbor

B: Hanauma Bay

C: Hulihe’e Palace

D: Mauna Kea Beach

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Hulihe’e Palace in Kailua-Kona was once a residence for Hawaiian royalty.

45: What was the Hawaiian chain of islands originally called by James Cook?

A: Mauna Islands

B: Pearl Islands

C: Sandwich Islands

D: Pacific Isles

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: James Cook called the Hawaiian chain of islands the “Sandwich Islands” after his patron, the Earl of Sandwich.

46: Which underwater feature near Hawaii is forecast to break the surface in future geological time?

A: Maui Basin

B: Pacific Ridge

C: Kamaʻehuakanaloa

D: Kilauea Crater

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Kamaʻehuakanaloa (formerly Lōʻihi Seamount) is an erupting seamount that might break the surface ocean in 10,000 to 100,000 years.

47: What year saw the closure of the last sugarcane plantation on the island of Hawaii?

A: 1980

B: 1990

C: 1995

D: 2000

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The island’s last sugarcane plantation closed in 1995.

48: What major alternative energy laboratory is dedicated to ocean-related research on the island of Hawaii?

A: Hawaii Energy Center

B: Pacific Research Institute

C: Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority (NELHA)

D: Kona Research Park

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: NELHA (Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority) is dedicated to ocean-related research and energy projects.

49: What year did Mauna Kea have a larger magnitude earthquake that caused significant damage and fatalities?

A: 1868

B: 1946

C: 1960

D: 1975

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The earthquake of 1868 on Mauna Kea had a significant magnitude and caused substantial damage and fatalities.

50: Which Hawaiian island has the largest landmass within the state?

A: Oahu

B: Maui

C: Kauai

D: Hawaii (The Big Island)

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The island of Hawaii, or The Big Island, has the largest landmass within the Hawaiian archipelago.

51: Which volcanic formation contributed to the addition of new landmass to Hawaii between January 1983 and September 2002?

A: Kohala

B: Mauna Kea

C: Kīlauea

D: Hualālai

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Lava flows from Kīlauea added 543 acres of new landmass to Hawaii between January 1983 and September 2002.

52: Which popular touristic feature is found at the southern tip of Hawaii, known for its emerald-green sand?

A: South Point

B: Green Beach (Papakōlea)

C: Waikiki Beach

D: Hapuna Beach

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Green Beach, also known as Papakōlea, is famous for its emerald-green sand and is located at the southern tip of Hawaii.

53: What ancient agricultural technique involved terracing of lava flows for farming purposes?

A: Moku system

B: Kula cultivation

C: Ahupua’a management

D: Dryland farming

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Dryland farming included terracing of lava flows to create arable surfaces for agricultural purposes.

54: How many commercial airports serve the island of Hawaii?

A: 2

B: 3

C: 4

D: 5

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Two commercial airports serve the island of Hawaii: Hilo International Airport and Kona International Airport.

55: What is the current time zone of the island of Hawaii?

A: Pacific Time

B: Mountain Time

C: Hawaiian Time

D: Eastern Time

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The island of Hawaii operates in the Hawaiian Time Zone.

56: Where is the NELHA, a hub for green economic development, located on the island of Hawaii?

A: East coast

B: North shore

C: West coast

D: South shore

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority (NELHA) is located on the west coast of the island.

57: What is the major crop from diversified agriculture that the island of Hawaii is known for producing in large quantities?

A: Tea

B: Cocoa

C: Coffee beans

D: Barley

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The island is prominently known for its production of coffee beans.

58: What is one of the tallest waterfalls on the island of Hawaii, attracting many visitors?

A: Waimea Falls

B: Wailua Falls

C: Manoa Falls

D: Akaka Falls

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Akaka Falls is one of the tallest and most visited waterfalls on the island.

59: What historical site on the island of Hawaii was King Kamehameha involved in unifying the Hawaiian Islands?

A: Puʻukoholā Heiau

B: Haleakalā National Park

C: Huliheʻe Palace

D: Pana’ewa Rainforest Zoo

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: King Kamehameha was involved in unifying the Hawaiian Islands from Puʻukoholā Heiau, a significant historical site.

60: What protected natural area on the island of Hawaii encompasses diverse ecosystems and volcanic landscapes?

A: Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail

B: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

C: Kona Forest National Wildlife Refuge

D: Waipi’o Valley

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park includes diverse ecosystems and active volcanic landscapes, offering unique natural beauty and geological significance.

Source:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawaii_(island)

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