Hong Kong Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

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1. What is the official full name of Hong Kong?

A: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China

B: Hong Kong Republic

C: Hong Kong City-State

D: Hong Kong State

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Hong Kong is officially called the “Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China,” reflecting its unique status within China.

2. When was Hong Kong handed over from the United Kingdom to China?

A: 1995

B: 1997

C: 2000

D: 2003

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Hong Kong was handed over from the United Kingdom to China on July 1, 1997, marking the end of British rule.

3. What percentage of Hong Kong’s territory is covered by water?

A: 10%

B: 30%

C: 50%

D: 59.70%

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: 59.70% of Hong Kong’s territory is covered by water, emphasizing the region’s expansive maritime area.

4. What is the highest natural point in Hong Kong?

A: Victoria Peak

B: Tai Mo Shan

C: Kowloon Peak

D: Lantau Peak

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Tai Mo Shan is the highest peak in Hong Kong, standing at 957 meters (3,140 feet).

5. Which language pair are the official languages of Hong Kong?

A: Mandarin and English

B: Cantonese and English

C: Cantonese and Mandarin

D: English and German

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The official languages of Hong Kong are Chinese (Cantonese) and English, reflecting its historical and cultural heritage.

6. What is the primary economic activity of Hong Kong?

A: Agriculture

B: Manufacturing

C: Services

D: Fishing

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Hong Kong’s economy is dominated by the service sector, which generates approximately 92.7% of its economic output.

7. What was the primary reason for the British establishing a colony in Hong Kong?

A: To explore new lands

B: To create a summer resort

C: To establish a trading post

D: To find new sources of food

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The British established Hong Kong to create a trading post, leveraging its strategic location along major sea routes.

8. What system does Hong Kong maintain that differs from mainland China’s?

A: Its language

B: Its driving side

C: Its economic and political systems

D: Its currency

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Under the principle of “one country, two systems,” Hong Kong maintains separate economic and political systems from mainland China.

9. What is the name of Hong Kong’s currency?

A: Yuan

B: Dollar

C: Yen

D: Peso

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The official currency of Hong Kong is the Hong Kong dollar (HKD).

10. Which country occupied Hong Kong during World War II?

A: Germany

B: Italy

C: Japan

D: United States

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Japan occupied Hong Kong from December 25, 1941, to August 30, 1945, during World War II.

11. What does the Hong Kong flag feature?

A: A dragon

B: A white 5-petalled flower design

C: A phoenix

D: A lion

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Hong Kong flag features a white 5-petalled flower design on a solid red background.

12. When did the Sino-British Joint Declaration take place?

A: 1967

B: 1979

C: 1984

D: 1997

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Sino-British Joint Declaration was signed on December 19, 1984, outlining the terms under which Hong Kong would be handed over to China.

13. What year did the Convention of Peking take place, which further expanded the British colony of Hong Kong?

A: 1860

B: 1870

C: 1880

D: 1890

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Convention of Peking took place on October 24, 1860, ceding the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island to Britain.

14. Which of these is Hong Kong’s largest ethnic group as of 2021?

A: Filipino

B: Indian

C: White

D: Chinese

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: As of 2021, 91.6% of Hong Kong’s population is Chinese.

15. Which university was established first in Hong Kong?

A: The Chinese University of Hong Kong

B: University of Hong Kong

C: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

D: City University of Hong Kong

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The University of Hong Kong, founded in 1911, was the first institution of higher education in the territory.

16. What does the term “One Country, Two Systems” refer to in the context of Hong Kong?

A: Two different currencies

B: Two separate armies

C: Different economic and political systems from mainland China

D: Different national flags

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: “One Country, Two Systems” refers to Hong Kong maintaining different economic and political systems from mainland China.

17. What is Hong Kong’s human development index (HDI) ranking as of 2022?

A: 10th

B: 4th

C: 20th

D: 8th

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: As of 2022, Hong Kong has an HDI of 0.956, ranking fourth in the world.

18. What is the highest life expectancy in Hong Kong as of 2022?

A: 70 years for males

B: 75 years for females

C: 81.3 years for males

D: 87.2 years for females

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: As of 2022, the life expectancy for females in Hong Kong is 87.2 years.

19. What key event brought many Chinese refugees to Hong Kong in the 1950s?

A: Chinese Civil War

B: Great Cultural Revolution

C: Mainland floods

D: Great Leap Forward

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Chinese Civil War brought many Chinese refugees to Hong Kong in the 1950s.

20. What is the public transport utilization rate in Hong Kong?

A: 50%

B: 70%

C: 90%

D: 95%

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Over 90% of daily trips in Hong Kong are made on public transport, the highest percentage in the world.

21. Who is the head of government in Hong Kong?

A: Chief Secretary

B: Chief Executive

C: Chief Justice

D: Council President

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Chief Executive is the head of government in Hong Kong.

22. What is the name of Hong Kong’s largest public housing program?

A: Private Housing Initiatives

B: Public-Housing Estate Program

C: Affordable Homes Scheme

D: Mass Transit Railway Program

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Public-Housing Estate Program was established to provide safer housing for Hong Kong residents.

23. Which of these festivals involves dragon boat races in Hong Kong?

A: Lunar New Year

B: Tuen Ng Festival

C: Mid-Autumn Festival

D: Chung Yeung Festival

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Dragon boat races originated as part of the Tuen Ng Festival in Hong Kong.

24. What does the Hong Kong Stock Exchange rank globally in terms of market capitalization as of December 2018?

A: 10th

B: 5th

C: 7th

D: 15th

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: As of December 2018, the Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the seventh-largest in the world by market capitalization.

25. What currency peg did Hong Kong maintain during the 1997 Asian financial crisis?

A: Euro

B: Swiss Franc

C: British Pound

D: US Dollar

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: During the 1997 Asian financial crisis, Hong Kong maintained its currency peg to the US dollar.

26. What year was the Hong Kong dollar first introduced?

A: 1940

B: 1895

C: 1937

D: 1965

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Hong Kong dollar was first introduced in 1937.

27. Which building is the oldest Western-style building in Hong Kong?

A: Central Plaza

B: Flagstaff House

C: HSBC Main Building

D: Bank of China Tower

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Flagstaff House, built in 1846, is the oldest Western-style building in Hong Kong.

28. What is the name of the largest district by population in Hong Kong?

A: Central and Western

B: Sha Tin

C: Kowloon City

D: Yau Tsim Mong

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Sha Tin is the largest district by population in Hong Kong.

29. Which of the following was established during Hong Kong’s post-war decades to improve public transportation?

A: Star Ferry

B: Hong Kong Tramways

C: Mass Transit Railway (MTR)

D: Peak Tram

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) was established during Hong Kong’s post-war decades to provide more reliable public transportation.

30. What name were Hong Kong films often exported under due to their fame in martial arts genres?

A: Hollywood of the West

B: Bollywood of the East

C: Hollywood of the East

D: Martial Arts House

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Hong Kong films are often referred to as coming from the “Hollywood of the East” due to their famous martial arts genres.

31. What is the ratio of public-housing estate program output as compared to private housing in Hong Kong?

A: 30% Public, 70% Private

B: 50% Public, 50% Private

C: 75% Public, 25% Private

D: 10% Public, 90% Private

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: In Hong Kong, roughly 30% of housing is provided through public-housing programs, while 70% is private.

32. Which year saw the last reported Snowfall in Hong Kong?

A: 1989

B: 1996

C: 1922

D: 1975

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The last reported instance of snowfall in Hong Kong was on Tai Mo Shan in 1975.

33. How many deputies represent Hong Kong in the National People’s Congress?

A: 10

B: 18

C: 25

D: 36

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Hong Kong is represented by 36 deputies in the National People’s Congress.

34. Which of these districts houses the administrative centre of Hong Kong?

A: Tamar

B: Wan Chai

C: Admiralty

D: Causeway Bay

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Tamar houses the administrative centre of Hong Kong.

35. What major event in 2019 led to mass protests, making it the largest in Hong Kong’s history?

A: Changes in tax laws

B: Introduction of National Security Law

C: Proposed extradition amendment bill

D: Relay for public housing expansion

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: In 2019, mass protests erupted in response to a proposed extradition amendment bill, making it the largest in Hong Kong’s history.

36. What nickname is given to Hong Kong due to the concentration of high-tech and innovation companies?

A: Silicon Harbor

B: Tech Town

C: Innovation Bay

D: Future City

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Hong Kong is sometimes referred to as “Silicon Harbor,” likened to Silicon Valley due to its concentration of high-tech and innovation companies.

37. What major architectural feature is often missing in buildings due to its negative connotation in Cantonese?

A: 13th floor

B: Windows facing east

C: 4th floor

D: Basements

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Buildings often lack a 4th floor in Hong Kong, as the number 4 sounds like the word “die” in Cantonese.

38. What sport is the Hong Kong Sevens related to?

A: Soccer

B: Rugby

C: Basketball

D: Tennis

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Hong Kong Sevens is related to rugby and is considered the premier tournament of the World Rugby Sevens Series.

39. What legislative entity in Hong Kong passed the National Anthem Ordinance in 2020?

A: National People’s Congress

B: Legislative Council

C: Court of Final Appeal

D: Executive Council

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: In June 2020, the Legislative Council passed the National Anthem Ordinance.

40. What is the primary role of the Hong Kong Garrison of the People’s Liberation Army?

A: Economic development

B: Urban planning

C: Defense of the region

D: Public transportation

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The primary role of the Hong Kong Garrison of the People’s Liberation Army is the defense of the region.

41. What traditional dish is commonly served at yum cha (brunch) in Hong Kong?

A: Sushi

B: Dim sum

C: Pizza

D: Tacos

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Dim sum is commonly served at yum cha (brunch) in Hong Kong.

42. How many universities does Hong Kong have?

A: 7

B: 9

C: 11

D: 13

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Hong Kong has eleven universities, offering a broad range of tertiary education.

43. What type of government system does Hong Kong follow under Chinese sovereignty?

A: Representative democracy

B: Executive-led government within a unitary one-party state

C: Absolute monarchy

D: Parliamentary democracy

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Hong Kong follows an executive-led government system within a unitary one-party state under Chinese sovereignty.

44. What is the traditional Chinese belief that determines the success of business construction projects?

A: Yin and Yang

B: Feng Shui

C: Mandate of Heaven

D: Zodiacs

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Feng Shui is believed to determine the success of business construction projects in Hong Kong.

45. When was the first public transport system (Peak Tram) introduced in Hong Kong?

A: 1900

B: 1841

C: 1888

D: 1925

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Peak Tram, Hong Kong’s first public transport system, was introduced in 1888.

46. What electronic currency allows contactless smart payment for transport in Hong Kong?

A: Oyster Card

B: Octopus Card

C: Easy Card

D: Tap Card

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Octopus Card is a contactless smart payment card widely used for public transport in Hong Kong.

47. What was the reason given by the Heritage Foundation for removing Hong Kong from its economic freedom index in 2021?

A: Loss of economic stability

B: Decreased population

C: Loss of political freedom and autonomy

D: Increased tax rates

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Heritage Foundation removed Hong Kong from its economic freedom index in 2021, citing a “loss of political freedom and autonomy.”

48. How many directly elected seats were proposed to be reduced in the 2023 District Council reforms?

A: From 452 to 88

B: From 400 to 100

C: From 300 to 150

D: From 500 to 200

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The 2023 District Council reforms proposed to reduce the number of directly elected seats from 452 to 88.

49. What are the official scripts used in Hong Kong?

A: Simplified Chinese and Latin alphabet

B: Hiragana and Katakana

C: Traditional Chinese and English alphabet

D: Cyrillic and Latin alphabet

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The official scripts used in Hong Kong are Traditional Chinese and the English alphabet.

50. Who serves as the commander-in-chief of the People’s Liberation Army, which also has jurisdiction in Hong Kong?

A: The President of the United States

B: The Premier of China

C: The Governor of Guangdong

D: The Chairman of the Central Military Commission

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The Chairman of the Central Military Commission is the supreme commander of the People’s Liberation Army, including its garrison in Hong Kong.

51. What administrative principle guarantees Hong Kong’s continued use of its own legal and economic systems?

A: Autonomy Alliance

B: One Country, One System

C: Regional Sovereignty

D: One Country, Two Systems

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: “One Country, Two Systems” guarantees that Hong Kong maintains its own legal and economic systems separate from mainland China.

52. In which year did the inbound rail service to Guangzhou begin its operation from Hong Kong?

A: 1900

B: 1911

C: 1945

D: 1979

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Cross-boundary train service to Guangzhou resumed in 1979, improving trade and travel between Hong Kong and mainland China.

53. Name the peak from which Hong Kong’s highest recorded temperature was documented.

A: Lantau Peak

B: Victoria Peak

C: Wetland Park

D: Tai Mo Shan

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The highest recorded temperature in Hong Kong, 39.0 °C, was documented at Wetland Park on August 22, 2017.

54. How many public holidays does Hong Kong celebrate annually?

A: 10

B: 13

C: 17

D: 15

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Hong Kong celebrates 13 public holidays annually.

55. Which prestigious choir ensemble is dedicated to traditional Chinese music in Hong Kong?

A: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra

B: Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra

C: Metropolitan Opera Chorus

D: Monteverdi Choir

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra is dedicated to promoting traditional Chinese music within the community.

56. What year did Hong Kong establish the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC)?

A: 1971

B: 1990

C: 1974

D: 1985

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) was established in 1974 to ensure integrity in Hong Kong’s civil service.

57. What percentage of Hong Kong’s food is imported?

A: 50%

B: 70%

C: 90%

D: 60%

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Over 90% of Hong Kong’s food is imported, including nearly all its meat and rice, due to limited local agricultural activity.

58. On which side do vehicles drive in Hong Kong?

A: Right

B: Left

C: Either Side

D: Center

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Vehicles drive on the left in Hong Kong, following the practice established during British colonial rule.

59. What is Hong Kong’s most popular tourist attraction offering views of Central and Victoria Harbour?

A: Disneyland

B: Ocean Park

C: Victoria Peak

D: Kowloon Walled City

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Victoria Peak is a major tourist attraction in Hong Kong, offering stunning views of Central and Victoria Harbour.

60. Who is considered a pioneering artist in the Cantopop genre in Hong Kong?

A: JayChou

B: Sam Hui

C: Eason Chan

D: Jony J

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Sam Hui is considered a pioneering artist in the Cantopop genre, significantly influencing Hong Kong popular music in the 1970s.

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong

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