Japan Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

pagoda surrounded by trees

1: What is the capital and largest city of Japan?

A: Kyoto

B: Osaka

C: Tokyo

D: Sapporo

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Tokyo is not only the capital but also the largest city of Japan.

2: Which emperor is currently reigning in Japan?

A: Akihito

B: Hirohito

C: Naruhito

D: Meiji

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Naruhito became emperor in 2019, succeeding his father Akihito.

3: Japan’s legislative organ is referred to as what?

A: House of Representatives

B: House of Councillors

C: National Diet

D: Imperial Court

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Japan’s bicameral parliament is known as the National Diet.

4: Which year did Japan adopt its current constitution?

A: 1868

B: 1947

C: 1890

D: 1960

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Japan’s current constitution was adopted in 1947 following World War II.

5: What body of water lies to the west of Japan?

A: Sea of Japan

B: Pacific Ocean

C: East China Sea

D: Philippine Sea

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Sea of Japan lies west of the Japanese archipelago.

6: How many islands make up the Japanese archipelago?

A: 4,125

B: 10,000

C: 14,125

D: 3,000

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Japan is comprised of an archipelago of 14,125 islands.

7: Which period marked Japan’s first known human habitation?

A: Jōmon period

B: Yayoi period

C: Heian period

D: Upper Paleolithic

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The Upper Paleolithic period, around 30,000 BC, marks Japan’s first known habitation.

8: Japan’s feudal era began following which major conflict?

A: Sengoku Period

B: Boshin War

C: Genpei War

D: Jinshin War

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Genpei War ended in 1185, leading to the establishment of the Kamakura shogunate and the start of Japan’s feudal period.

9: The Treaty of Kanagawa in 1854 resulted from whose expedition to Japan?

A: Christopher Columbus

B: James Cook

C: Matthew C. Perry

D: Vasco da Gama

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Commodore Matthew C. Perry’s expedition led to the signing of the Treaty of Kanagawa.

10: In what year did Japan’s period of Allied occupation end?

A: 1952

B: 1945

C: 1956

D: 1947

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Allied occupation of Japan ended in 1952 with the Treaty of San Francisco.

11: Which area is often called “Japan’s mainland”?

A: Hokkaido

B: Honshu

C: Shikoku

D: Kyushu

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Honshu is the largest and most populous island of Japan, often called the “mainland.”

12: What percentage of Japan’s terrain is mountainous?

A: 75%

B: 50%

C: 60%

D: 30%

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: About three-fourths of Japan’s terrain is mountainous.

13: Japan’s Meiji period began in which year?

A: 1603

B: 1890

C: 1868

D: 1947

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Meiji period began in 1868 when Japan started modernizing and industrializing.

14: Japan surrendered in World War II after which catastrophic events?

A: Meteor shower and tsunami

B: Earthquake and fire

C: Nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

D: Invasion of Tokyo

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 led to Japan’s surrender.

15: Japan is a global leader specifically in which industries?

A: Textile and agriculture

B: Automotive, robotics, and electronics

C: Pharmaceuticals and banking

D: Fashion and culinary arts

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Japan is renowned for its advancements in the automotive, robotics, and electronics industries.

16: Which traditional Japanese dish consists mainly of raw fish and rice?

A: Tempura

B: Ramen

C: Miso Soup

D: Sushi

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Sushi is a traditional Japanese dish that primarily includes raw fish and rice.

17: What is Japan’s official currency?

A: Won

B: Yen

C: Yuan

D: Dollar

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The official currency of Japan is the Japanese yen (¥).

18: Which environmental feature places Japan at a high risk for natural disasters?

A: Its high latitude

B: Being part of the Pacific Ring of Fire

C: Proximity to the Equator

D: Large deserts

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Japan’s location in the Pacific Ring of Fire makes it prone to earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions.

19: Japan is divided into how many administrative prefectures?

A: 8

B: 10

C: 47

D: 50

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Japan is divided into 47 administrative prefectures.

20: What is the name of the Japanese high-speed train network?

A: Shinkansen

B: SuperTanden

C: Sunrise Express

D: Bullet Rail

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Shinkansen refers to Japan’s network of high-speed trains.

21: Japan has the world’s longest life expectancy at what average age?

A: 78 years

B: 82 years

C: 84 years

D: 90 years

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The average life expectancy in Japan is approximately 84.62 years.

22: Which Japanese writer authored “The Tale of Genji”?

A: Sei Shōnagon

B: Yasunari Kawabata

C: Haruki Murakami

D: Murasaki Shikibu

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Murasaki Shikibu is famous for writing “The Tale of Genji,” often considered the world’s first novel.

23: What notable Tokyo event took place in both 1964 and 2020 (held in 2021)?

A: World Expo

B: G20 Summit

C: Summer Olympics

D: World Cup

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Tokyo hosted the Summer Olympics in both 1964 and 2020 (held in 2021).

24: Which flower is often used as a symbol of Japan?

A: Rose

B: Tulip

C: Cherry Blossom

D: Sunflower

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The cherry blossom (sakura) is a well-recognized symbol of Japan.

25: The Meiji Constitution was enacted in which year?

A: 1868

B: 1945

C: 1890

D: 1905

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Meiji Constitution was enacted on November 29, 1890.

26: Japan is known for which type of traditional theater?

A: Opera

B: Kabuki

C: Ballet

D: Miming

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Kabuki is a traditional Japanese form of theater known for its drama and elaborate makeup.

27: Which body of water lies to the south of Japan?

A: Sea of Japan

B: Philippine Sea

C: South China Sea

D: Sea of Okhotsk

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Philippine Sea is located to the south of Japan.

28: What popular spirit is derived from rice and traditionally consumed in Japan?

A: Vodka

B: Sake

C: Gin

D: Rum

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Sake, a rice-based alcoholic beverage, is traditionally consumed in Japan.

29: In what year did the Battle of Sekigahara occur, leading to the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate?

A: 1600

B: 1500

C: 1800

D: 1700

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Battle of Sekigahara took place in 1600, resulting in the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate.

30: The Japanese yen is designated by which symbol?

A: $

B: €

C: ¥

D: £

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The symbol for the Japanese yen is ¥.

31: Japan’s literary diary “The Pillow Book” was authored by whom?

A: Murasaki Shikibu

B: Sei Shōnagon

C: Natsume Sōseki

D: Yukio Mishima

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Sei Shōnagon wrote “The Pillow Book,” a famous Japanese literary diary.

32: Japan’s economy is categorized as what type of economic system?

A: Socialist

B: Mixed-market

C: Command Economy

D: Traditional Economy

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Japan has a mixed-market economy, characterized by a blend of private investment and government intervention.

33: Which island is the northernmost of the main Japanese islands?

A: Honshu

B: Kyushu

C: Shikoku

D: Hokkaido

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Hokkaido is the northernmost of Japan’s main islands.

34: Who was the emperor during Japan’s Meiji Restoration?

A: Meiji

B: Taisho

C: Showa

D: Taikan

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Emperor Meiji reigned during the Meiji Restoration.

35: In what year did Japan formally join the United Nations?

A: 1952

B: 1945

C: 1956

D: 1960

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Japan became a member of the United Nations in 1956.

36: What was Japan’s response termed to the US-imposed trade opening in 1854?

A: Taisei change

B: Sakoku end

C: Bakumatsu

D: Meiji Revolution

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The end of Japan’s sakoku, or “closed country” policy, was prompted by the US-imposed trade opening.

37: How is Japan’s education system ranking among OECD countries for 15-year-olds?

A: 1st

B: 5th

C: 10th

D: 3rd

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Japan ranks third among OECD countries in literacy, maths, and sciences for 15-year-olds.

38: What is Japan’s National Diet’s upper house called?

A: House of Representatives

B: House of Burgesses

C: House of Lords

D: House of Councillors

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The upper house of Japan’s National Diet is called the House of Councillors.

39: Which military policy restricts Japan’s defense force actions?

A: Article 5

B: Article 8

C: Article 9

D: Article 13

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution renounces the right to declare war or settle disputes by force.

40: Japan’s territorial size ranks which globally, based on the given measurements?

A: 62nd

B: 50th

C: 75th

D: 40th

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Japan’s total land area ranks 62nd in the world.

41: How does Japan’s Internet top-level domain appear?

A: .ja

B: .jp

C: .jpn

D: .ji

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Internet top-level domain for Japan is .jp.

42: The significant post-WWII economic growth period of Japan is often termed what?

A: Miracle decade

B: Lost Decade

C: Industrial Revolution

D: Economic Bubble

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Japan’s period of rapid growth after WWII is often called the “economic bubble.”

43: Japan’s Shinto religion often identifies which element as sacred?

A: Rivers

B: Trees

C: Mountains

D: Lakes

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Mountains are often considered sacred in Shinto beliefs.

44: What globally influential Japanese era occurred between 1868 to 1912?

A: Taisho Period

B: Edo Period

C: Meiji Period

D: Showa Period

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Meiji Period was remarked for Japan’s modernization and industrialization.

45: Which contemporary technology sector places Japan as a global leader?

A: Biotechnology

B: Nanotechnology

C: Robotics

D: Aeronautics

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Japan is a global leader in robotics.

46: What natural phenomenon is Japan particularly prone to due to its geographic location?

A: Hurricanes

B: Cyclones

C: Typhoons

D: Tornadoes

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Japan, situated along the Pacific Ring of Fire, is especially prone to typhoons.

47: Japan renounced its right to declare war under which post-WWII document?

A: San Francisco Treaty

B: Japan-US Security Treaty

C: 1947 Constitution

D: 1923 Military Decree

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The 1947 Constitution included renouncing the right to declare war.

48: Which Tokyo-based airport is one of the busiest in Asia?

A: Narita Airport

B: Kansai Airport

C: Haneda Airport

D: Chubu Airport

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Haneda Airport in Tokyo is one of Asia’s busiest airports.

49: What is the primary reason Japan’s population is declining?

A: High mortality rate

B: High emigration rate

C: Low birth rate

D: Economic instability

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Japan’s declining population is mainly due to a very low birth rate.

50: What was a significant structural reform in medieval Japan called?

A: Edo Reforms

B: Taika Reforms

C: Meiji Reforms

D: Asuka Reforms

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Taika Reforms were significant structural reforms introduced in medieval Japan.

51: Which UNESCO World Heritage Site category includes Himeji Castle?

A: Natural Sites

B: Cultural Sites

C: Mixed Sites

D: Intangible Sites

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Himeji Castle is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Site.

52: Which traditional Japanese performance art features puppetry?

A: Kabuki

B: Noh

C: Bunraku

D: Kyogen

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Bunraku is a traditional Japanese puppet theater performance art.

53: As of recent years, Japan holds what rank for carbon dioxide emissions globally?

A: First

B: Third

C: Fifth

D: Tenth

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Japan is the world’s fifth-largest emitter of carbon dioxide.

54: Mazda is a leading automaker from which country?

A: China

B: Germany

C: South Korea

D: Japan

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Mazda is a renowned automaker based in Japan.

55: The world’s highest population density can be found in areas primarily situated in which Japanese region?

A: Kanto

B: Kansai

C: Tohoku

D: Kyushu

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Kanto region, home to Tokyo, has the highest population density in Japan.

56: What structure is Japan mainly famous for after World War II modernization?

A: Castles

B: Shinkansen Trains

C: Shopping Malls

D: Amusement Parks

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Post-WWII Japan is well-known for its modernization exemplified by Shinkansen (bullet trains).

57: Which Japanese emperor led the imperial court during the Heian period?

A: Go-Yōzei

B: Meiji

C: Kanmu

D: Akihito

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Emperor Kanmu established the capital at Heian-kyo, marking the beginning of the Heian period.

58: Japan’s most popular national sport, considered traditional, is what?

A: Judo

B: Kendo

C: Karate

D: Sumo

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Sumo wrestling is considered Japan’s national traditional sport.

59: The largest lake in Japan, also an ancient one, is called what?

A: Lake Kawaguchi

B: Lake Biwa

C: Lake Inawashiro

D: Lake Ashi

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Lake Biwa is Japan’s largest and ancient freshwater lake.

60: Japan’s Prime Minister is appointed by whom after being designated from the Diet?

A: Emperor

B: House of Representatives

C: House of Councillors

D: National Security Council

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Prime Minister is appointed by the Emperor after being designated by the Diet.



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