Lantana Trivia Questions and Answers

1: What family does the lantana belong to?
A: Solanaceae
B: Verbenaceae
C: Lamiaceae
D: Asteraceae
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Lantana is a genus of about 150 species of perennial flowering plants in the verbena family, Verbenaceae.

2: Which regions are native to the lantana?
A: Tropical Americas and Africa
B: Europe and Asia
C: Australia and Pacific Islands
D: Antarctica
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Lantana is native to tropical regions of the Americas and Africa.

3: How tall can lantanas grow?
A: 0.1-0.5 meters
B: 0.2-1.0 meters
C: 0.5-2.0 meters
D: 1.0-3.0 meters
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Lantanas can grow to a height of 0.5–2 meters (1.6–6.6 feet).

4: What are lantana’s common names?
A: Sand-verbenas
B: Shrub verbenas
C: Sand-trembles
D: Hedge honeysuckles
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Lantanas’ common names are shrub verbenas or lantanas.

5: What type of flower clusters do lantanas have?
A: Heads
B: Spikes
C: Umbels
D: Panicles
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Lantana’s aromatic flower clusters are called umbels.

6: Which animals contribute to the spread of lantana by eating their fruit?
A: Cows and sheep
B: Birds
C: Turtles
D: Insects
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Birds such as the yellow-fronted white-eye, superb fairy-wren, scaly-breasted munia, and Mauritius bulbul eat lantana fruit and spread the seeds.

7: What problem does the lantana bug (Aconophora compressa) cause in Australia besides not controlling lantana?
A: It spreads plant diseases.
B: It has become a pest in horticulture.
C: It attacks livestock.
D: It creates allergies in humans.
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The lantana bug has become a pest in horticulture, parasitizing the related fiddlewoods.

8: Which butterfly is NOT attracted to lantana flowers?
A: Birdwing butterflies
B: Skippers
C: Brush-footed butterflies
D: Monarch butterflies
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: While many butterflies like Birdwings, Skippers, and Brush-footed butterflies are attracted to lantana, Monarch butterflies were not mentioned specifically.

9: What should be removed from lantanas to prevent their spread?
A: Flowers
B: Leaves
C: Immature (green) fruit
D: Roots
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Removing plants with immature (green) fruit helps prevent their spread.

10: Which fungus parasitizes lantana among other plants?
A: Botrytis cinerea
B: Rhizoctonia solani
C: Ceratobasidium cornigerum
D: Phytophthora infestans
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Ceratobasidium cornigerum is a higher fungus that parasitizes lantana.

11: Which insect is often distributed with infested lantanas?
A: Red spider mite
B: Sweet potato whitefly
C: Ladybugs
D: Aphids
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The sweet potato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) is a common greenhouse pest often distributed with infested lantanas.

12: What toxic compounds do lantanas, especially L. camara, contain?
A: Steroids
B: Alkaloids
C: Flavonoids
D: Pentacyclic triterpenoids
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Lantanas contain pentacyclic triterpenoids that cause hepatotoxicity and photosensitivity when ingested by grazing animals.

13: What adverse effect can result from removing lantana from urban greenspaces in Australia?
A: Increased insect populations
B: Negative impacts on bird diversity
C: Soil erosion
D: Increased weed growth
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Removing lantana from urban greenspaces can negatively impact bird diversity, as it provides refuge in the absence of native plants.

14: How many insects were introduced in Australia to control lantanas?
A: 10
B: 20
C: 30
D: 40
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: About 30 insects have been introduced in Australia to control the spread of lantanas.

15: Which traditional tribal people in southern Karnataka use lantana to produce various products?
A: Maasai
B: Maori
C: Korava
D: Sami
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Soliga, Korava, and Palliyar tribal people in the MM Hills of southern Karnataka, India use lantana for diverse products.

16: Lantana furniture resists which elements?
A: Heat and cold
B: Sun, rain, and termite damage
C: Wind and snow
D: Floods and droughts
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Furniture made from lantana is resistant to sun, rain, and termite damage.

17: Which species is the type species of the genus Lantana?
A: Lantana montevidensis
B: Lantana camara
C: Lantana trifolia
D: Lantana depressa
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The type species of the genus Lantana is Lantana camara.

18: Which color varieties are included in lantana’s flower umbels?
A: Black and white
B: Green and pink
C: Red, orange, yellow, blue, and white
D: Purple and pink
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Lantana’s flower umbels are a mix of red, orange, yellow, blue, and white florets.

19: What is a major unintended consequence of biological control attempts for lantana in Australia?
A: Lantana spread faster
B: Introduced insects became pests
C: Lantana plants grew larger
D: It caused animal extinctions
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Introduced insects, such as the lantana bug, became pests while failing to control lantana.

20: What culinary use is sometimes debated for lantana berries?
A: Used in salads
B: Eaten ripe or unripe
C: Used as a spice
D: Made into jams
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: There is debate over whether lantana berries are edible when ripe; they are mildly toxic when green, and some claim both ripe and unripe berries are potentially lethal.

21: Which caste classification does the genus Lantana belong to within the plant kingdom?
A: Bryophytes
B: Gymnosperms
C: Angiosperms
D: Pteridophytes
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Lantana belongs to the Angiosperms clade.

22: Lantana can cause which types of toxicity when ingested by livestock?
A: Nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity
B: Neurotoxicity and cardiotoxicity
C: Hepatotoxicity and photosensitivity
D: Reproductive toxicity and respiratory toxicity
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Lantanas cause hepatotoxicity and photosensitivity when ingested by grazing animals.

23: Which butterfly visits lantana flowers and belongs to the Papilioninae subfamily?
A: Monarch
B: Swallowtail
C: Cabbage white
D: Painted lady
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Swallowtail butterflies belong to the Papilioninae subfamily and are attracted to lantana flowers.

24: What is the height range for lantana shrubs?
A: 1.6-6.6 feet
B: 2-5 feet
C: 3-7 feet
D: 4-8 feet
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Lantana shrubs range from 1.6-6.6 feet in height.

25: What is the scientific classification order of lantana?
A: Rosales
B: Lamiales
C: Asterales
D: Ericales
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Lantana is classified under the Lamiales order.

26: Lantana’s natural habitats exclude which region?
A: Tropical Americas
B: Europe
C: Africa
D: Australian-Pacific region
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Lantana is native to the Americas and Africa, and introduced in the Australian-Pacific region but excludes Europe.

27: How do butterflies benefit from lantana plants?
A: They lay eggs on them
B: They feed on their leaves
C: They are attracted to the flowers for nectar
D: They use them for shelter
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Butterflies are attracted to lantana flowers for nectar.

28: What species of moth has caterpillars that feed on lantana?
A: Monarch butterfly
B: Common splendid ghost moth
C: Luna moth
D: Gypsy moth
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The common splendid ghost moth is one species whose caterpillars feed on lantana.

29: What unique ability do some weaverbirds exhibit with lantana flowers?
A: Use them for dyeing feathers
B: Use them for nesting decoration
C: Use them for camouflage
D: Use them for honey production
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Weaverbirds, such as the black-throated weaver, use lantana flowers for decorating their nests.

30: Why is the genus Lantana sometimes planted deliberately?
A: For timber production
B: For honey and butterfly gardening
C: For medicinal purposes
D: For pest control
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Lantana camara and other varieties are sometimes planted for honey and butterfly gardening.

31: What is the debated aspect of lantana berries?
A: Their scent
B: Their edibility when ripe
C: Their growth rate
D: Their color
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: There is a debate over the edibility of lantana berries when ripe.

32: Which lantana variety gives blue or white flowers all year round?
A: L. camara
B: L. montevidensis
C: L. trifolia
D: L. depressa
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Lantana montevidensis provides blue (or white) flowers all year round.

33: In which year did a problematic insect, the lantana bug, introduce to Australia?
A: 1985
B: 1995
C: 2005
D: 2015
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The lantana bug was introduced to Australia in 1995.

34: What significant loss has been caused by lantana toxicity in the United States?
A: Wildlife loss
B: Livestock loss
C: Crop loss
D: Soil infertility
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Lantana toxicity has led to widespread livestock loss in several countries, including the United States.

35: In what climate are lantanas typically grown as annual plants?
A: Arctic climates
B: Tropical climates
C: Temperate climates
D: Desert climates
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Lantanas are grown as annual plants in temperate climates.

36: Which notable animal avoids lantana due to its toxicity?
A: Deer
B: Goats
C: Horses
D: Elephants
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: While many animals avoid lantana due to its toxicity, grazing animals like goats and horses, when ingested, can face hepatotoxicity.

37: What alternative materials do tribal people in Karnataka, India substitute with lantana for producing various products?
A: Cotton and wool
B: Silk and nylon
C: Cane and bamboo
D: Leather and plastic
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Tribal people in southern Karnataka use lantana as a substitute for cane and bamboo.

38: What is the common name for “wild lantanas” from the unrelated genus Abronia?
A: Hedge verbenas
B: Sand-verbenas
C: Desert lilies
D: Prairie asters
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: “Wild lantanas” are plants of the unrelated genus Abronia, usually called “sand-verbenas”.

39: Which fly pest is associated with lantanas?
A: Housefly
B: Fruit fly
C: Sweet potato whitefly
D: Black fly
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The sweet potato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) often infests lantanas.

40: Name a butterfly family particularly attracted to lantana flowers.
A: Nymphalidae
B: Pieridae
C: Lycaenidae
D: All of the above
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Lantana flowers attract butterflies from various families, including Nymphalidae, Pieridae, and Lycaenidae.

41: Which kingdom does lantana belong to in scientific classification?
A: Fungi
B: Animalia
C: Plantae
D: Protista
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Lantana belongs to the kingdom Plantae.

42: How do lantanas provide ecological value, despite being invasive?
A: They fix nitrogen in the soil
B: They serve as honey plants and attract butterflies
C: They detoxify pollutants
D: They repel pests
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Despite being invasive, lantanas are useful as honey plants and attract butterflies.

43: What do lantana flower colors typically do as they mature?
A: Darken
B: Fade
C: Change
D: Stay the same
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The colors of lantana flowers typically change as they mature.

44: During which month and year was the Wikipedia article citation needed notice issued?
A: November 2010
B: December 2007
C: January 2015
D: July 2002
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The citation needed notice was issued in December 2007.

45: In which area of the United States are lantanas particularly invasive?
A: Midwest
B: Southeast, especially coastal regions
C: Southwest
D: Northwest
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In the United States, lantanas are particularly invasive in the southeast, especially coastal regions.

46: Which genus is unrelated to lantana but shares its generic name’s origin?
A: Verbena
B: Viburnum lantana
C: Viola
D: Valeriana
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The genus name lantana originated in Late Latin, referencing Viburnum lantana.

47: What poison effect does lantana have on humans?
A: Causes respiratory issues
B: Causes skin rash
C: Potentially becomes toxic when berries are ingested, especially green ones
D: Causes dizziness
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Lantana berries can be potentially toxic when ingested, especially when green.

48: What type of flowers are L. montevidensis known for?
A: Red flowers
B: Yellow flowers
C: Blue or white flowers
D: Purple flowers
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Lantana montevidensis is known for its blue or white flowers.

49: Name a butterfly whose caterpillars feed on lantana and do not become pests.
A: Common catseye
B: Indian leafwing
C: Lantana scrub-hairstreak butterfly
D: Common blue
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The lantana scrub-hairstreak butterfly’s caterpillars feed on lantana without becoming pests.

50: Why might total eradication of lantana be challenging?
A: They spread through underground rhizomes
B: They have deep taproots
C: Birds spread their seeds
D: They are resistant to all herbicides
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Birds spread lantana seeds, making total eradication challenging.

51: Which tropical plant is sometimes used to protect cabbage against aphids?
A: Aloe vera
B: Lantana camara
C: Peppermint
D: Basil
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Extracts of Lantana camara may be used for protection of cabbage against the aphid Lipaphis erysimi.

52: What pest-control success have biological attempts yielded for lantana in Hawaii?
A: Significant reduction
B: No noticeable impact
C: Lantana eradication
D: Increased lantana spread
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Biological control attempts with insects like the lantana scrub-hairstreak butterfly have had no noticeable impact on controlling lantana in Hawaii.

53: What decorative purpose do weaverbirds have for lantana flowers?
A: Weaving clothes
B: Decorating nests
C: Making jewelry
D: Festive decoration
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Weaverbirds decorate their nests with lantana flowers.

54: Why is there a concern about lantana in livestock farming?
A: Plants cause poisoning when eaten
B: Plants reduce grass growth
C: Plants increase farm maintenance
D: Plants attract pests
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Lantana plants cause poisoning when ingested by livestock, leading to significant agricultural concerns.

55: Which Australian bird finds refuge in urban greenspaces with lantana?
A: Kookaburra
B: Superb fairy-wren
C: Emu
D: Cockatoo
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The superb fairy-wren uses lantana for refuge in urban greenspaces.

56: Lantana is part of which clade among plants?
A: Eudicots
B: Monocots
C: Gymnosperms
D: Bryophytes
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Lantana is part of the Eudicots clade.

57: How many species of lantana are recognized by The Plant List?
A: About 50
B: About 100
C: About 150
D: About 200
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: About 150 species of lantana are recognized by The Plant List.

58: Which traditional activity benefits from lantana due to its durability?
A: Pottery
B: Basket weaving
C: Boat making
D: Furniture making
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Lantana is used in furniture making due to its durability and resistance to the elements.

59: What ecological impact does the abundance of lantana cause in areas where it’s invasive?
A: Increase in soil quality
B: Homogeneity in vegetation leads to less bird species richness
C: Natural water filtration
D: Harmful impact on large mammals
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Too much lantana can lead to homogeneity in vegetation, decreasing bird species richness or abundance.

60: What do the leaves of lantana avoid due to their toxicity?
A: Birds
B: Herbivores
C: Insects
D: Parasites
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The leaves of lantana are poisonous to most animals, making them avoided by herbivores.

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