Mexican Petunia Trivia Questions and Answers

1: Which genus is commonly known as Mexican petunias or wild petunias?
A: Petunia
B: Acanthopale
C: Polylychnis
D: Mexican petunia
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The genus Mexican petunia is commonly known as Mexican petunias or wild petunias.

2: Mexican petunias belong to which family?
A: Solanaceae
B: Acanthaceae
C: Fabaceae
D: Rosaceae
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Mexican petunias belong to the family Acanthaceae.

3: In honor of whom was the genus Mexican petunia named?
A: Carolus Linnaeus
B: Charles Darwin
C: Jean Ruelle
D: Gregor Mendel
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The genus Mexican petunia was named in honor of Jean Ruelle, an herbalist and physician to Francis I of France.

4: Which tribe within the Lepidoptera family uses Mexican petunias as host plants?
A: Pierini
B: Junoniini
C: Nymphalini
D: Heliconiini
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The caterpillars of several Lepidoptera, particularly members of the Junoniini tribe, use Mexican petunias as host plants.

5: The leaves of Mexican petunias are food for the caterpillars of the banded peacock butterfly. What is its scientific name?
A: Anartia fatima
B: Junonia coenia
C: Siproeta stelenes
D: Yoma sabina
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The banded peacock butterfly, with the scientific name Anartia fatima, feeds on the leaves of Mexican petunias.

6: Which species of Mexican petunia is known as “tropical wild petunia”?
A: Mexican petunia brevifolia
B: Mexican petunia tuberosa
C: Mexican petunia elegans
D: Mexican petunia prostrata
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Mexican petunia brevifolia is also known as tropical wild petunia.

7: What common name is given to the species Mexican petunia fulgida?
A: Tropical Wild Petunia
B: Christmas Pride
C: Fever Root
D: Minnie Root
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Mexican petunia macrantha is commonly known as Christmas Pride.

8: How many species of Mexican petunia are accepted?
A: 100
B: 200
C: 265
D: 365
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: There are 365 accepted species of Mexican petunia.

9: Which species of Mexican petunia is also known as “minnie root”?
A: Mexican petunia bahiensis
B: Mexican petunia tuberosa
C: Mexican petunia simplex
D: Mexican petunia prostrata
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Mexican petunia tuberosa is known as minnie root among other common names.

10: Which caterpillar, known for its striking eyespots, uses Mexican petunia as a host plant?
A: Monarch butterfly
B: Common buckeye
C: Painted lady
D: Red admiral
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The common buckeye (Junonia coenia) uses Mexican petunia as a host plant.

11: Which subfamily do Mexican petunias belong to?
A: Acanthoideae
B: Lamioideae
C: Viticoideae
D: Scrophularioideae
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Mexican petunias belong to the subfamily Acanthoideae.

12: Name a butterfly species documented on Mexican petunia R. nodiflora.
A: Monarch butterfly
B: Common buckeye
C: Red spotted purple
D: Gulf fritillary
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The common buckeye butterfly (Junonia coenia) has been documented on Mexican petunia R. nodiflora.

13: Which other name is used for the Mexican petunia prostrata?
A: Bell weed
B: Fever root
C: Snapdragon root
D: Zigzag ruel
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Mexican petunia prostrata is also known as Bell weed.

14: Which genus is still distinct and not synonymous with Mexican petunia?
A: Blechum
B: Eusiphon
C: Acanthopale
D: Ulleria
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Acanthopale is considered a distinct genus and not synonymous with Mexican petunia.

15: What type of organisms use Mexican petunia leaves as food?
A: Birds
B: Mammals
C: Caterpillars of butterflies and moths
D: Reptiles
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The leaves of Mexican petunias are food for the caterpillars of butterflies and moths.

16: The genus Mexican petunia belongs to which order?
A: Asteroles
B: Lamiales
C: Poales
D: Rosales
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Mexican petunias belong to the order Lamiales.

17: Which butterfly species, recorded on R. tuberosa, is native to both Asia and Australia?
A: Monarch butterfly
B: Lemon pansy
C: Green dragontail
D: Blue morpho
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The lemon pansy butterfly (Junonia lemonias) is recorded on R. tuberosa.

18: Mexican petunia tuberosa is also known by what name in English?
A: Purple queen
B: Blue daze
C: Minnie root
D: Rabbit’s foot fern
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: One of the common names for Mexican petunia tuberosa is minnie root.

19: Which subfamily of butterflies includes species that feed on Mexican petunias?
A: Satyrinae
B: Nymphalinae
C: Danainae
D: Papilioninae
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Members of the Nymphalinae subfamily feed on Mexican petunias.

20: What is the purpose of the dehiscence and dispersion of Mexican petunia tuberosa seed pods?
A: To attract pollinators
B: To provide food for herbivores
C: For seed dispersal
D: To repel insects
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The dehiscence and dispersion of Mexican petunia tuberosa seed pods help in seed dispersal.

21: Which butterfly species using Mexican petunias is known as Siproeta stelenes?
A: Banded peacock
B: Malachite butterfly
C: Monarch butterfly
D: Painted lady
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The malachite butterfly has the scientific name Siproeta stelenes.

22: In what type of habitat are Mexican petunias most commonly used?
A: Aquariums
B: Desert
C: Ornamental gardens
D: Alpine regions
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Mexican petunias are popularly used as ornamental plants.

23: Who did Jean Ruelle serve as a physician?
A: Henry VIII
B: Louis XIV
C: Francis I of France
D: Charles V
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Jean Ruelle served as a physician to Francis I of France.

24: What common name is given to Mexican petunia species with the name asperula?
A: Zigzag ruel
B: Bell weed
C: Christmas pride
D: Fringeleaf wild petunia
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Mexican petunia humilis is known as fringeleaf wild petunia.

25: What is the average likelihood that Mexican petunias are poisonous?
A: Highly unlikely
B: Some are known or suspected to be poisonous
C: All are safe for consumption
D: Poisonous only to certain insects
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Some Mexican petunias are known or suspected to be poisonous.

26: Which Mexican petunia species is synonymous with Christmas pride?
A: Mexican petunia brevifolia
B: Mexican petunia macrantha
C: Mexican petunia tuberosa
D: Mexican petunia simplex
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Mexican petunia macrantha is synonymous with Christmas pride.

27: Which species among Mexican petunias is known for its medicinal uses?
A: Mexican petunia bahiensis
B: Mexican petunia tuberosa
C: Mexican petunia elegans
D: Mexican petunia simplex
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Mexican petunia tuberosa is known for some of its medicinal uses.

28: What species is the scientific name for “fringeleaf wild petunia”?
A: Mexican petunia humilis
B: Mexican petunia tuberosa
C: Mexican petunia brevifolia
D: Mexican petunia simplex
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Mexican petunia humilis is also known as fringeleaf wild petunia.

29: Which other name is Mexican petunia caffeine known?
A: Sheep potato
B: Rabbit’s foot
C: Bell weed
D: Red Christmas pride
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Mexican petunia tuberosa is also known as sheep potato.

30: To which botanical clade do Mexican petunias belong?
A: Angiosperms
B: Gymnosperms
C: Pteridophytes
D: Bryophytes
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Mexican petunias belong to the botanical clade Angiosperms.

31: Which common butterfly uses R. nodiflora as its host plant?
A: Monarch butterfly
B: Common buckeye
C: Eastern tiger swallowtail
D: Painted lady
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The common buckeye (Junonia coenia) uses R. nodiflora as its host plant.

32: Which genus is a former member of Mexican petunia now known as Strobilanthes?
A: R. anisophylla
B: R. tuberosa
C: R. nodiflora
D: R. simplex
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The species formerly placed in Mexican petunia, now known as Strobilanthes, includes R. anisophylla.

33: What scientific name corresponds to the Mexican petunia known commonly as zigzag ruel?
A: Mexican petunia humilis
B: Mexican petunia tuberosa
C: Mexican petunia brevifolia
D: Mexican petunia asperula
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Mexican petunia humilis is also known by the common name zigzag ruel.

34: Which subtribe within the butterfly family Nymphalinae uses Mexican petunia as host plants?
A: Pierini
B: Junoniini
C: Nymphalini
D: Melitaeini
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Members of the Junoniini subtribe use Mexican petunia as host plants.

35: What type of plant is the Mexican petunia: flowering or non-flowering?
A: Flowering
B: Non-flowering
C: Coniferous
D: Fern
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Mexican petunia is a genus of flowering plants.

36: Which botanical kingdom do Mexican petunias belong to?
A: Fungi
B: Animalia
C: Plantae
D: Protista
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Mexican petunias belong to the botanical kingdom Plantae.

37: What does the term “euasterid clade” refer to in relation to Mexican petunias?
A: A subgroup of Angiosperms
B: A type of soil
C: A type of climate
D: A conservation status
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The term “euasterid clade” refers to a subgroup within the Angiosperms, which includes Mexican petunias.

38: Which species known as “tropical wild petunia” is part of the Mexican petunia genus?
A: Mexican petunia humilis
B: Mexican petunia brevifolia
C: Mexican petunia tuberosa
D: Mexican petunia prostrata
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Mexican petunia brevifolia is known as tropical wild petunia.

39: Which species has the scientific name Mexican petunia ciliatiflora?
A: Fringeleaf wild petunia
B: Snapdragon root
C: Bell weed
D: Large-flowered wild petunia
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Mexican petunia ciliatiflora is also known by the common name large-flowered wild petunia.

40: What common name corresponds to the scientific name Mexican petunia elegans?
A: Banded peacock
B: Common buckeye
C: Fringeleaf wild petunia
D: Malachite butterfly
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Mexican petunia elegans is synonymous with fringeleaf wild petunia.

41: How is the caterpillar of the lemon pansy butterfly related to Mexican petunias?
A: It avoids Mexican petunias
B: It uses Mexican petunias as host plants
C: It pollinates Mexican petunias
D: It competes with Mexican petunias
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The caterpillar of the lemon pansy butterfly uses Mexican petunias as host plants.

42: Which species is referred to as “snapdragon root”?
A: Mexican petunia tuberosa
B: Mexican petunia brevifolia
C: Mexican petunia humilis
D: Mexican petunia simplex
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Mexican petunia tuberosa is also known by the common name snapdragon root.

43: Which butterflies use Mexican petunia as a host plant and are known as Australian lurchers?
A: Monarch butterfly
B: Common buckeye
C: Yoma sabina
D: Lemon pansy
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Australian lurcher butterfly, Yoma sabina, uses Mexican petunia as a host plant.

44: Which order does the family Acanthaceae, to which Mexican petunias belong, fall under?
A: Poales
B: Lamiales
C: Rosales
D: Fagales
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The family Acanthaceae, which includes Mexican petunias, falls under the order Lamiales.

45: Which other common name does Mexican petunia tuberosa have besides minnie root?
A: Zigzag ruel
B: Bell weed
C: Fever root
D: Red Christmas pride
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Mexican petunia tuberosa is also known as fever root.

46: Jean Ruelle, after whom the genus Mexican petunia was named, translated works of which ancient figure?
A: Aristotle
B: Hippocrates
C: Dioscorides
D: Theophrastus
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Jean Ruelle was a translator of several works of Dioscorides.

47: Which species within the Mexican petunia genus is common in ornamental gardens due to its hardiness?
A: Mexican petunia simplex
B: Mexican petunia prostrata
C: Mexican petunia brevifolia
D: Mexican petunia tuberosa
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Mexican petunia simplex is known for its hardiness and is common in ornamental gardens.

48: How many former members, mainly in the family Acanthaceae, were classified under Mexican petunia?
A: Hundreds
B: Thousands
C: A few dozen
D: Less than a dozen
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Several former members of the Acanthaceae family were classified under Mexican petunia but now belong to other genera.

49: Name a butterfly that feeds on Mexican petunia and is also known by its scientific name Yoma sabina.
A: Monarch butterfly
B: Australian lurcher
C: Green dragontail
D: Common buckeye
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Australian lurcher butterfly is scientifically known as Yoma sabina and feeds on Mexican petunia.

50: What is the classification rank directly above the genus Mexican petunia?
A: Tribe
B: Family
C: Order
D: Clade
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The classification rank directly above the genus Mexican petunia is the tribe, which is Ruellieae.

51: Mexican petunia is part of which botanical clade of plants?
A: Basal angiosperms
B: Euasterids
C: Magnoliids
D: Monocots
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Mexican petunia belongs to the euasterid clade of plants.

52: What family of plants does the genus Mexican petunia belong to?
A: Solanaceae
B: Fabaceae
C: Acanthaceae
D: Rosaceae
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The genus Mexican petunia belongs to the family Acanthaceae.

53: A species of Mexican petunia with the name “inanathro” is synonymous with what?
A: Christmas pride
B: Tropical wild petunia
C: Bell weed
D: Fringeleaf wild petunia
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Mexican petunia prostrata is also known by the common name Bell weed.

54: “Mexican petunia jelianthro” is known by what common name?
A: Snapdragon root
B: Tropical wild petunia
C: Minnie root
D: Christmas pride
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Mexican petunia macrantha is also known by the common name Christmas pride.

55: Which scientific classification family does the genus Mexican petunia fall under?
A: Solanaceae
B: Fabaceae
C: Acanthaceae
D: Rosaceae
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Mexican petunia falls under the family Acanthaceae.

56: Which subgroup do Mexican petunias belong to within the Angiosperms clade?
A: Magnoliids
B: Monocots
C: Eudicots
D: Basal angiosperms
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Mexican petunias belong to the subgroup Eudicots within the Angiosperms clade.

57: The order Lamiales includes which well-known genus discussed here?
A: Solanum
B: Rosa
C: Ruellia (Mexican petunia)
D: Acacia
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The order Lamiales includes the genus Ruellia, commonly known as Mexican petunia.

58: What is a key feature of Mexican petunias making them popular in gardens?
A: Poisonous leaves
B: Ornamental beauty
C: High water requirement
D: Dwarf size
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Mexican petunias are popular for their ornamental beauty.

59: Which term describes the butterfly tribe specialized in using Mexican petunias as host plants?
A: Danainae
B: Nymphalini
C: Junoniini
D: Pierini
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The specialized butterfly tribe using Mexican petunias as host plants is Junoniini.

60: Which plant family’s former members, such as Hygrophila costata, were once classified under Mexican petunia?
A: Lamiaceae
B: Orchidaceae
C: Acanthaceae
D: Apiaceae
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The family Acanthaceae has former members once classified under Mexican petunia, including species like Hygrophila

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