1: What is the scientific name of Pineapple Sage?

A: Salvia officinalis

B: Salvia elegans

C: Salvia sclarea

D: Salvia hispanica

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Pineapple Sage is scientifically known as Salvia elegans.

2: Pineapple Sage is a member of which plant family?

A: Rosaceae

B: Poaceae

C: Lamiaceae

D: Asteraceae

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage belongs to the Lamiaceae family.

3: Where is Pineapple Sage natively found?

A: Mexico

B: Brazil

C: Canada

D: Australia

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Pineapple Sage is native to Mexico.

4: What kind of forests does Pineapple Sage inhabit in its native region?

A: Rainforests

B: Coniferous forests

C: Madrean and Mesoamerican pine-oak forests

D: Mangroves

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage inhabits Madrean and Mesoamerican pine-oak forests.

5: At what elevation range does Pineapple Sage typically grow?

A: 1,000 to 2,000 ft

B: 2,000 to 4,000 ft

C: 6,000 to 9,000 ft

D: 10,000 to 12,000 ft

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage typically grows between 6,000 and 9,000 ft.

6: What color are the tubular flowers of Pineapple Sage?

A: Blue

B: Red

C: Yellow

D: White

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The tubular flowers of Pineapple Sage are red.

7: Which wildlife is particularly attracted to Pineapple Sage flowers?

A: Bees and beetles

B: Hummingbirds and butterflies

C: Squirrels and mice

D: Frogs and toads

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Hummingbirds and butterflies are particularly attracted to the red flowers of Pineapple Sage.

8: During what season does Pineapple Sage typically flower in its native habitat?

A: Spring

B: Summer

C: Late Autumn

D: Winter

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage typically flowers in the late autumn in its native habitat.

9: What type of plant is Pineapple Sage in terms of its day-length requirements?

A: Short-day plant

B: Long-day plant

C: Day-neutral plant

D: Equinox plant

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Pineapple Sage is a short-day plant.

10: What is the leaves’ fragrance of Pineapple Sage often compared to?

A: Lemon

B: Rose

C: Pineapple

D: Coconut

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The leaves of Pineapple Sage emit a scent similar to pineapple.

11: Which variety of Pineapple Sage blooms early in the summer?

A: Pineapple Melon

B: Honey Melon

C: Summer Sunshine

D: Tangerine Delight

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The variety “Honey Melon” of Pineapple Sage blooms early in the summer.

12: What color do the leaves of Tangerine Sage have around their edges?

A: White

B: Purple

C: Bronze

D: Silver

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Tangerine Sage has bronze-edged leaves.

13: What scent do the leaves of Tangerine Sage feature?

A: Citrus

B: Mint

C: Lavender

D: Eucalyptus

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The leaves of Tangerine Sage have a citrus scent.

14: When does Tangerine Sage typically flower?

A: Spring

B: Summer

C: Autumn

D: Winter

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Tangerine Sage typically flowers during the summer.

15: How tall can Pineapple Sage grow when cultivated?

A: 0.5 to 1 meter

B: 1.2 to 1.5 meters

C: 2 to 3 meters

D: 3.5 to 4 meters

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Pineapple Sage can grow up to 1.2 to 1.5 meters tall in cultivation.

16: Which part of the Pineapple Sage plant is covered with fine hairs?

A: Stems

B: Flowers

C: Roots

D: Leaves

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The leaves of Pineapple Sage are covered with fine hairs.

17: How were Pineapple Sage plants introduced into horticulture?

A: About 1770

B: About 1820

C: About 1870

D: About 1900

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage was introduced into horticulture about 1870.

18: What are the primary components of the essential oil of Pineapple Sage?

A: Eucalyptol and menthol

B: Caffeic acid and its derivatives

C: Lavender and vanilla

D: Linalool and citronellal

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The essential oil of Pineapple Sage consists primarily of caffeic acid and its derivatives.

19: Which acid is a derivative found in the essential oil of Pineapple Sage besides caffeic acid?

A: Rosmarinic acid

B: Citric acid

C: Acetic acid

D: Ascorbic acid

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Rosmarinic acid is a derivative found in the essential oil of Pineapple Sage.

20: What is another derivative present in Pineapple Sage’s essential oil?

A: Salicylic acid

B: Salvianolic acid

C: Tartaric acid

D: Palmitic acid

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Salvianolic acid is another derivative present in Pineapple Sage’s essential oil.

21: What is one common use for the leaves and flowers of Pineapple Sage?

A: Coffee flavoring

B: Edible garnishes

C: Poisonous bait

D: Stamp glue

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The leaves and flowers of Pineapple Sage are edible and often used as garnishes.

22: Pineapple Sage is used in traditional medicine of which country?

A: China

B: India

C: Mexico

D: Greece

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage is used in Mexican traditional medicine.

23: Which condition is Pineapple Sage traditionally used to treat in Mexican medicine?

A: Diabetes

B: Tuberculosis

C: Anxiety

D: Lyme disease

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: In Mexican traditional medicine, Pineapple Sage is used to treat anxiety.

24: What is another health condition Pineapple Sage is traditionally used for?

A: Hypertension

B: Arthritis

C: Asthma

D: Scurvy

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Pineapple Sage is also used for treating hypertension in Mexican traditional medicine.

25: How does Pineapple Sage respond to a hard frost?

A: It stays evergreen

B: It dies down to the ground

C: It changes leaf color

D: It becomes dormant

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: When exposed to a hard frost, Pineapple Sage dies down to the ground but grows back the following spring.

26: Which type of flowers does Pineapple Sage produce?

A: Single blooms

B: Clustered blooms

C: Whorls of flowers

D: Paired blooms

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage produces flowers in whorls.

27: What is the main attractant of Pineapple Sage flowers to wildlife?

A: Their shape

B: Their scent

C: Their color

D: Their size

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The red tubular flowers of Pineapple Sage, combined with their attractive color, scent, and shape, make them appealing to hummingbirds and butterflies.

28: The long inflorescence of Pineapple Sage blooms over what kind of period?

A: Brief period

B: Rapid period

C: Prolonged period

D: Short burst

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The long inflorescence of Pineapple Sage blooms gradually over a prolonged period of time.

29: Which derivative found in Pineapple Sage’s essential oil has antioxidant properties?

A: Acetic acid

B: Rosmarinic acid

C: Lactic acid

D: Boric acid

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Rosmarinic acid, found in Pineapple Sage’s essential oil, has antioxidant properties.

30: When do Pineapple Sage flowers typically bloom further north from their native habitat?

A: Early spring

B: Mid-summer

C: Late autumn

D: Late winter

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Further north from their native habitat, Pineapple Sage flowers typically bloom in late autumn if there is no frost.

31: How does Pineapple Sage propagate in the ground?

A: Through bulbs

B: Through seeds

C: Through underground roots forming clumps

D: Through surface runners

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: In cultivation, Pineapple Sage’s roots extend underground to form a large clump.

32: What is the primary visual characteristic of Pineapple Sage leaves?

A: Shiny and smooth

B: Pale yellow-green and veined

C: Dark green and leathery

D: Glossy and waxy

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Pineapple Sage leaves are pale yellow-green and veined.

33: Besides their edible use, what is another way Pineapple Sage leaves are utilized?

A: Textile dye

B: Insect repellent

C: Decoration

D: Perfume ingredient

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Although primarily edible, Pineapple Sage leaves can also be used as an insect repellent, due to their aromatic properties.

34: The tubular flowers of Pineapple Sage facilitate which kind of pollination?

A: Wind pollination

B: Self-pollination

C: Animal-assisted pollination

D: Water pollination

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The tubular flowers of Pineapple Sage facilitate animal-assisted pollination, particularly by hummingbirds and butterflies.

35: What size are the leaves of Pineapple Sage?

A: Tiny

B: Large

C: Medium

D: Varied

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage leaves are typically medium-sized, fitting well with the shrub’s overall dimensions.

36: Besides hummingbirds and butterflies, which other pollinators are sometimes attracted to Pineapple Sage?

A: Bats

B: Beetles

C: Moths

D: Bees

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Besides hummingbirds and butterflies, bees are sometimes attracted to Pineapple Sage flowers.

37: In addition to anxiety, what mental health condition is Pineapple Sage traditionally claimed to aid?

A: Depression

B: Insomnia

C: ADHD

D: Schizophrenia

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Pineapple Sage is traditionally claimed to aid anxiety and potentially depression due to its calming effects.

38: Which month does the Pineapple Sage flowering season start in Mexico?

A: December

B: November

C: October

D: August

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: In Mexico, the flowering season for Pineapple Sage starts in August.

39: How long can Pineapple Sage flowers last if there is no frost?

A: Until mid-summer

B: Until winter

C: Until spring

D: Until late autumn

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: If there is no frost, Pineapple Sage flowers can last until spring.

40: What is the growth pattern of Pineapple Sage stems?

A: Twining

B: Erect

C: Sprawling

D: Climbing

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Pineapple Sage produces numerous erect leafy stems.

41: Pineapple Sage is classified under which order of plants?

A: Fabales

B: Lamiales

C: Rosales

D: Sapindales

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Pineapple Sage is classified under the order Lamiales.

42: Pineapple Sage falls under which clade?

A: Monocots

B: Magnoliids

C: Asterids

D: Basal eudicots

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage falls under the clade Asterids.

43: When is the latest Pineapple Sage may flower in its native habitat if there is no frost?

A: December

B: November

C: September

D: January

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: In its native habitat, and if there is no frost, Pineapple Sage may flower until January.

44: How many scarlet flowers typically grow in Pineapple Sage whorls?

A: Two to four

B: Four to six

C: Six to twelve

D: Ten to twenty

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Six to twelve scarlet flowers typically grow in each whorl of Pineapple Sage.

45: What genus does Pineapple Sage belong to?

A: Ocimum

B: Mentha

C: Salvia

D: Lavandula

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage belongs to the genus Salvia.

46: What type of plant is Pineapple Sage?

A: Annual herb

B: Biennial shrub

C: Perennial shrub

D: Deciduous tree

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage is a perennial shrub.

47: The resumption of growth in Pineapple Sage after dying down during frost typically occurs in which season?

A: Autumn

B: Spring

C: Summer

D: Winter

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Pineapple Sage will resume growth in the spring after dying down in frost.

48: Pineapple Sage was introduced to horticulture roughly how many years ago?

A: 150 years

B: 100 years

C: 50 years

D: 200 years

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Pineapple Sage was introduced to horticulture about 150 years ago, around 1870.

49: What type of leaves does Pineapple Sage have?

A: Thorns

B: Smooth and shiny

C: Pale yellow-green and veined

D: Thick and waxy

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage has pale yellow-green and veined leaves.

50: What time of year does the “Honey Melon” variety of Pineapple Sage bloom?

A: Late autumn

B: Early winter

C: Early summer

D: Late spring

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The “Honey Melon” variety of Pineapple Sage blooms early in the summer.

51: What characteristic of Pineapple Sage flowers makes them attractive to butterflies?

A: Size

B: Shape

C: Color

D: Scent

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The red color of Pineapple Sage flowers makes them attractive to butterflies.

52: What form of Sage is very similar to Pineapple Sage but with a different scent?

A: Garden Sage

B: Clary Sage

C: Tangerine Sage

D: Russian Sage

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Tangerine Sage is very similar to Pineapple Sage but has a citrus scent instead of a pineapple scent.

53: The leaves of Pineapple Sage can be used for what culinary purpose?

A: To season meat

B: In baking

C: As a garnish

D: In pickling

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The leaves of Pineapple Sage can be used as edible garnishes.

54: What type of plant is Pineapple Sage in terms of life cycle?

A: Annual

B: Biennial

C: Perennial

D: Ephemeral

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Pineapple Sage is a perennial plant.

55: How tall does Tangerine Sage typically grow?

A: 30 cm

B: 60-90 cm

C: 120-150 cm

D: 200 cm

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Tangerine Sage typically grows to about 60 cm – 90 cm tall.

56: Which variety of Pineapple Sage is known for its unique flowering season?

A: Golden Pineapple

B: Honey Melon

C: Tropical Delight

D: Citrus Burst

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The “Honey Melon” variety is unique for blooming early in the summer.

57: How many derivatives of caffeic acid are mentioned in the phytochemistry of Pineapple Sage?

A: One

B: Two

C: Three

D: Four

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: There are two derivatives of caffeic acid mentioned, rosmarinic acid and salvianolic acid.

58: What condition must Pineapple Sage meet to grow back in spring after a frost?

A: Soil temperature above freezing

B: Minimal sunlight exposure

C: Dry soil

D: Heavy mulching

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: After a frost, Pineapple Sage will grow back in spring if the soil temperature is above freezing.

59: The clump-forming behavior of Pineapple Sage involves which plant structure?

A: Bulbs

B: Tubers

C: Rhizomes

D: Roots

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Pineapple Sage forms a clump through its underground roots.

60: Apart from edible and medicinal uses, how else is Pineapple Sage commonly used?

A: Aromatherapy

B: Textile production

C: Furniture polish

D: Biofuel

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Apart from its edible and medicinal uses, Pineapple Sage is used in aromatherapy due to its pleasant scent.