Plumeria Trivia Questions and Answers

1: What common name is also used for Plumeria, besides “frangipani”?
A: Rose
B: Jasmine
C: Gardenia
D: Champa
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: “Champa” is another common name used for Plumeria, particularly in Bengali culture.

2: Who was the genus Plumeria named in honor of?
A: Charles Darwin
B: Carl Linnaeus
C: Charles Plumier
D: George Bentham
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The genus Plumeria is named in honor of the 17th-century French botanist and monk, Charles Plumier.

3: Which type of chemical compounds in Plumeria’s sap can irritate eyes and skin?
A: Alkaloids
B: Saponins
C: Tannins
D: Poisonous compounds
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The milky latex sap of Plumeria contains poisonous compounds that can irritate the eyes and skin.

4: How are Plumeria flowers primarily pollinated?
A: By bees
B: By sphinx moths
C: By wind
D: By butterflies
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria flowers are primarily pollinated by sphinx moths, which are tricked by the flowers’ scent.

5: What makes Plumeria flowers’ scent unique despite having no nectar?
A: It contains benzoin resin
B: It combines elements of jasmine, citrus, and gardenia
C: It has a sweet honey scent
D: It smells like vanilla
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria flowers’ scent is unique because it combines elements of jasmine, citrus, and gardenia despite having no nectar.

6: In which region are Plumeria trees native?
A: Africa
B: Neotropical realm
C: Southeast Asia
D: Australia
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria trees are native to the Neotropical realm, including Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean.

7: Which Plumeria species is known for having evergreen leaves and non-deciduous characteristics?
A: Plumeria rubra
B: Plumeria pudica
C: Plumeria alba
D: Plumeria obtusa
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria pudica is known for its elongated, glossy, dark-green leaves, which are evergreen and non-deciduous.

8: What historical use did Nahuatl-speaking people attribute to Plumeria?
A: Medicinal value
B: Funerals
C: Sign of elite status
D: Wedding ceremonies
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Nahuatl-speaking people during the height of the Aztec Empire used Plumeria to signify elite status, and it was planted in the gardens of nobles.

9: Which country’s culture associates Plumeria flowers with ghosts and cemeteries?
A: India
B: Japan
C: Philippines
D: Brazil
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In the Philippines, Plumeria flowers are associated with graveyards and ghosts due to their strong smell used to mask the “smell of death.”

10: What is the national flower of Laos?
A: Champa (Plumeria alba)
B: Lotus
C: Jasmine
D: Rose
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Plumeria alba, known locally as champa or dok champa, is the national flower of Laos.

11: Which Hindu god is Plumeria traditionally associated with in eastern India and Bangladesh?
A: Vishnu
B: Shiva
C: Krishna
D: Ganesh
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In eastern India and Bangladesh, Plumeria is traditionally considered to be associated with the Hindu god Krishna.

12: Which species of Plumeria is commonly referred to as “Singapore plumeria”?
A: Plumeria rubra
B: Plumeria obtusa
C: Plumeria pudica
D: Plumeria alba
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria obtusa is commonly known as the “Singapore plumeria.”

13: How many accepted species are there in the genus Plumeria as of January 2024?
A: About 10
B: About 18
C: About 25
D: About 30
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: As of January 2024, there are about 18 accepted species in the genus Plumeria.

14: What plant family does Plumeria belong to?
A: Apocynaceae
B: Rosaceae
C: Asteraceae
D: Liliaceae
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Plumeria belongs to the family Apocynaceae.

15: What type of sap do Plumeria branches contain?
A: Sweet nectar
B: Milky latex
C: Clear sap
D: Watery fluid
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria branches contain a milky latex sap.

16: In Hawaii, what is Plumeria commonly used to make?
A: Traditional medicines
B: Garlands (leis)
C: Scented candles
D: Herbal teas
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In Hawaii, Plumeria is commonly used to make garlands known as leis.

17: What cultural significance does Plumeria have in Mesoamerican cultures?
A: Symbolizes peace
B: Represents life and fertility
C: Associated with war
D: Used in cooking
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In Mesoamerican cultures, Plumeria has been associated with deities representing life and fertility.

18: Which Plumeria species is known for being nondeciduous and everblooming?
A: Plumeria obtusa
B: Plumeria rubra
C: Plumeria pudica
D: Plumeria alba
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Plumeria pudica is known for its nondeciduous, evergreen leaves and everblooming nature.

19: How do Plumeria trees primarily grow?
A: As large trees
B: As small shrubs or low trees
C: As vines
D: As ground cover
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria trees primarily grow as small shrubs or low trees.

20: What is a common feature of Plumeria flowers?
A: They have six petals
B: They are highly fragrant at night
C: They produce a lot of nectar
D: They are blue in color
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria flowers are highly fragrant, particularly at night, although they produce no nectar.

21: What traditional use does Plumeria have in Balinese Hindu culture?
A: Funeral rites
B: Wedding ceremonies
C: Temple offerings
D: Cooking spices
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In Balinese Hindu culture, Plumeria flowers are used in temple offerings.

22: What type of environment are Plumeria plants often grown in?
A: Cold climates
B: Tropical regions
C: Arid deserts
D: Wet marshlands
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria plants are often grown as ornamentals in tropical regions.

23: How are Plumeria plants commonly propagated?
A: By seeds only
B: By spores
C: By stem cuttings
D: By tubers
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Plumeria plants can be propagated by stem cuttings.

24: Which Plumeria species is particularly associated with the West Indies and southern Mexico?
A: Plumeria rubra
B: Plumeria alba
C: Plumeria obtusa
D: Plumeria pudica
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Plumeria obtusa is particularly associated with the West Indies and southern Mexico.

25: Which country associates Plumeria with the “Kuntilanak” spirit in folklore?
A: India
B: Japan
C: Indonesia
D: Mexico
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In Indonesia, Plumeria is associated with the “Kuntilanak,” an evil vampiric spirit in folklore.

26: How are new varieties of Plumeria created?
A: Through selective pruning
B: By genetic modification
C: Through cross-pollination
D: By natural mutations
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: New varieties of Plumeria are created through cross-pollination.

27: What part of the Plumeria plant is usually used in traditional Indian incenses?
A: Roots
B: Leaves
C: Flowers
D: Seeds
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The flowers of Plumeria are used in traditional Indian incenses, such as Nag Champa.

28: What region uses Plumeria flowers in love poems?
A: Eastern Africa
B: Western Europe
C: Southern Australia
D: Northern Russia
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: In Eastern Africa, Plumeria flowers are sometimes referred to in Swahili love poems.

29: Which Plumeria species is noted for its very fragrant flowers, especially at night?
A: Plumeria alba
B: Plumeria obtusa
C: Plumeria rubra
D: Plumeria pudica
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Plumeria rubra is noted for its very fragrant flowers, especially at night.

30: What type of plumerias are often planted on burial grounds in the Philippines?
A: Plumeria alba
B: Plumeria rubra
C: Plumeria obtusa
D: Plumeria pudica
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: In the Philippines, Plumeria alba is often planted on burial grounds due to its strong scent.

31: In which culture are Plumeria garlands exchanged between bride and groom during weddings?
A: African
B: Western Ghats of Karnataka
C: Japanese
D: Brazilian
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In the Western Ghats of Karnataka, garlands of cream-colored Plumeria are exchanged between bride and groom during weddings.

32: Where were Plumeria species introduced in the late 19th century?
A: South America
B: Africa
C: Pacific islands
D: Antarctica
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Plumeria species were introduced to several Pacific islands in the late 19th century.

33: What is a common practice involving Plumeria in Polynesian culture?
A: Planting them in hospitals
B: Eating the flowers
C: Using them for leis and to indicate relationship status
D: Burning the wood for rituals
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In Polynesian culture, Plumeria flowers are used for leis and to indicate relationship status.

34: What historical use did the Maya attribute to Plumeria?
A: Funerals
B: Sign of elite status
C: Symbol of fertility
D: Food ingredient
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Maya associated Plumeria with deities representing life and fertility.

35: Which two countries, besides the Philippines, associate Plumeria flowers with graveyards and ghosts?
A: China and Japan
B: Malaysia and Indonesia
C: India and Nepal
D: Brazil and Argentina
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In Malaysia and Indonesia, similar to the Philippines, Plumeria flowers are associated with graveyards and ghosts.

36: What part of the Plumeria plant contains highly fragrant elements associated with nag champa incense?
A: Flowers
B: Roots
C: Bark
D: Seeds
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The flowers of Plumeria are the highly fragrant elements associated with nag champa incense.

37: In which regions are Plumeria flowers used for making temple offerings?
A: Europe and North America
B: East and Southeast Asia
C: South America and the Caribbean
D: North Africa and the Middle East
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In East and Southeast Asia, Plumeria flowers are used for making temple offerings.

38: Which type of environment is Plumeria adapted to beyond tropical regions?
A: High alpine areas
B: Hot desert climates with proper irrigation
C: Cold climates with high moisture
D: Wetlands
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria can be grown in hot desert climates with proper irrigation.

39: For which kind of traditional Indian incense is Plumeria an ingredient?
A: Lavender incense
B: Citrus incense
C: Nag champa
D: Jasmine incense
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Plumeria is an ingredient in nag champa, a traditional Indian incense.

40: What is another name for Plumeria in Hawaiian?
A: Melia
B: Makahiya
C: Ti Leaf
D: Kukui
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: In Hawaiian, Plumeria is also known as melia.

41: How are Plumeria leaves typically arranged on the branches?
A: At the base
B: Along the entire branch
C: At the tips of the branches
D: Sporadically across the tree
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Plumeria leaves typically grow at the tips of the branches.

42: What types of climates are most suitable for growing Plumeria?
A: Cold and dry
B: Tropical and hot desert
C: Wet and forested
D: Temperate and cool
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Tropical and hot desert climates are most suitable for growing Plumeria.

43: What flower elements can trick sphinx moths into pollinating Plumeria flowers?
A: Colorful petals
B: Leaf shape
C: Floral scent
D: Pollen texture
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The floral scent of Plumeria tricks sphinx moths into pollinating the flowers.

44: In what shape do Plumeria flowers bloom?
A: Star-shaped
B: Tubular corolla with rounded, overlapping petals
C: Bell-shaped
D: Funnel-shaped
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria flowers bloom with a tubular corolla with rounded, overlapping petals.

45: What is the primary visual characteristic of Plumeria pudica leaves?
A: Light green and small
B: Glossy, dark-green and elongated
C: Purple with veins
D: Fuzzy and oval
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Plumeria pudica leaves are glossy, dark-green, and elongated.

46: Which cultural attribute does Plumeria hold in the Western Ghats of Karnataka?
A: Worship
B: Funerals
C: Celebration
D: Weddings
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: In the Western Ghats of Karnataka, Plumeria is used in wedding ceremonies, where the bride and groom exchange garlands.

47: What is the role of Plumeria in the novel “The Night Tiger” by Yangsze Choo?
A: Main character’s pet
B: Magic charm
C: Graveyard flower
D: Healer’s tool
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In “The Night Tiger,” Plumeria is described as the “graveyard flower of the Malays.”

48: What kind of relationship status indicator is attributed to wearing a Plumeria flower over the left ear in Hawaiian culture?
A: Single
B: Seeking a relationship
C: Taken
D: Engaged
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In Hawaiian culture, wearing a Plumeria flower over the left ear indicates that the person is taken.

49: How do the leaves differ between various species and cultivars of Plumeria?
A: They always have the same shape
B: They differ in shape and arrangements
C: One species has no leaves
D: All species have striped leaves
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The leaves differ in shape and arrangements among various species and cultivars of Plumeria.

50: What substance is applied to Plumeria cuttings to help callusing when propagated by cutting?
A: Fertilizer
B: Rooting hormone
C: Insecticide
D: Water
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Applying rooting hormone to the clean fresh-cut end of Plumeria cuttings enables callusing.

51: Which flower is known to reside in the heavenly home of the Hindu god Sri Krishna according to eastern Indian and Bangladeshi tradition?
A: Tulsi
B: Champaka (Plumeria)
C: Lotus
D: Marigold
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In eastern India and Bangladesh, Plumeria is traditionally considered as a variety of the champak flower, which resides in the heavenly home of Sri Krishna.

52: Which Plumeria species is naturalized in China, the Himalayas, and various oceanic islands?
A: Plumeria obtusa
B: Plumeria alba
C: Plumeria rubra
D: Plumeria pudica
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Plumeria rubra is naturalized in China, the Himalayas, and various oceanic islands.

53: How is Plumeria commonly propagated vegetatively?
A: By planting seeds
B: By air layering
C: By cutting stem tips
D: By division
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Plumeria is commonly propagated vegetatively by cutting stem tips.

54: Which region associates Plumeria flowers with female sexuality and fertility?
A: Western Europe
B: South America
C: Mesoamerica
D: Eastern Asia
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In Mesoamerica, Plumeria flowers have been associated with female sexuality and fertility.

55: What process tricks sphinx moths into pollinating Plumeria flowers?
A: Vibrant colors
B: Nectar secretion
C: Strong fragrance
D: Mimicry
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The strong fragrance of Plumeria flowers tricks sphinx moths into pollinating them.

56: What climate requirement is essential for successfully growing Plumeria in desert regions?
A: High altitude
B: Proper irrigation
C: Cold temperatures
D: Sandy soil
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Proper irrigation is essential for successfully growing Plumeria in hot desert climates.

57: What is the specific name for the latex sap in Plumeria branches that contains poisonous compounds?
A: Latex resin
B: Alkaloid latex
C: Milky latex sap
D: Toxic fluid
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Plumeria branches contain milky latex sap that has poisonous compounds.

58: In which African region are Plumeria flowers mentioned in traditional poetry?
A: Southern Africa
B: East Africa
C: North Africa
D: Central Africa
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: In East Africa, Plumeria flowers are mentioned in Swahili love poems.

59: Which type of climate can Plumeria pudica withstand due to its evergreen nature?
A: Arid and cold
B: Tropical and warm
C: Wet and temperate
D: High altitude
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Due to its evergreen nature, Plumeria pudica can withstand tropical and warm climates.

60: What ancient civilization used Plumeria to signify elite status and planted them in noble gardens?
A: The Maya
B: The Aztec
C: The Inca
D: The Roman
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Aztec civilization used Plumeria to signify elite status and planted them in the gardens of nobles.

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