Polka Dot Plant Trivia Questions and Answers

1: What is the scientific name of the Polka dot plant?
A: Hypoestes phyllostachya
B: Hypoestes purpurea
C: Hypoestes viridis
D: Hypoestes alba
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The scientific name of the Polka dot plant is Hypoestes phyllostachya.

2: Where is the Polka dot plant native to?
A: South America
B: Madagascar, South Africa, and southeast Asia
C: Australia
D: Central America
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Polka dot plant is native to Madagascar, South Africa, and southeast Asia.

3: What family does the Polka dot plant belong to?
A: Rosaceae
B: Acanthaceae
C: Fabaceae
D: Lamiaceae
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Polka dot plant belongs to the family Acanthaceae.

4: What do the Greek words “hypo” and “estia” mean, which make up the genus name Hypoestes?
A: Over and flower
B: Under and house
C: Before and garden
D: Inside and home
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Greek words “hypo” means “under” and “estia” means “house”, referring to the calyxes being covered by bracts.

5: What does the Latin specific epithet “phyllostachya” mean?
A: Love of flowers
B: Tall plant
C: With a leaf spike
D: Small shrub
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Latin specific epithet “phyllostachya” means “with a leaf spike”.

6: How tall can the Polka dot plant grow?
A: 15 cm (6 in)
B: 30 cm (12 in)
C: 45 cm (18 in)
D: 60 cm (24 in)
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Polka dot plant can grow up to 30 cm (12 in) tall.

7: What kind of plant is the Polka dot plant?
A: Deciduous tree
B: Evergreen shrub
C: Herbaceous perennial
D: Annual flower
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Polka dot plant is an evergreen shrub.

8: What are the common colors of the spots on the Polka dot plant’s leaves?
A: Blue and yellow
B: Red, purple, black
C: Pink, white
D: Orange and brown
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The spots on the Polka dot plant’s leaves are commonly pink or white.

9: What is the most common leaf color combination for the Polka dot plant?
A: White leaves with green spots
B: Yellow leaves with red spots
C: Green leaves with pink spots
D: Blue leaves with purple spots
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The most common type of Polka dot plant has green leaves with pink spots.

10: What is the characteristic difference between the upper and lower sides of the Polka dot plant’s leaves?
A: The underside is darker
B: The underside is lighter
C: The upper side has no spots
D: Both sides are identical
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The spots on the undersides of the leaves are far lighter in color, often white.

11: What type of flowers does the Polka dot plant produce?
A: Large red flowers
B: Small, solitary pink/purple flowers
C: Bright yellow flowers
D: Blue clustered flowers
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Polka dot plant produces small, solitary pink/purple flowers.

12: What kind of fruit does the Polka dot plant produce?
A: Fleshy berry
B: Dry pod
C: Many-seeded dehiscent capsule
D: Winged seed
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The fruit of the Polka dot plant is a many-seeded dehiscent capsule.

13: In which zones of the United States is the Polka dot plant winter hardy?
A: Zones 6 and 7
B: Zones 8 and 9
C: Zones 10 and 11
D: Zones 12 and 13
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Polka dot plant is winter hardy in zones 10 and 11 in the United States.

14: What award has the Polka dot plant received from the Royal Horticultural Society?
A: Plant of the Year
B: Award of Garden Merit
C: Best Indoor Plant
D: Flower of the Month
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Polka dot plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

15: What type of light conditions does the Polka dot plant prefer?
A: Full sun
B: Partial sun
C: Full shade
D: Bright artificial light
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Polka dot plant does best in partial sun.

16: How does the Polka dot plant spread?
A: By runners
B: By cuttings and seedlings
C: By tubers
D: By rhizomes
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Polka dot plant spreads by cuttings and seedlings.

17: Which Polka dot plant cultivar has dark green leaves with carmine red spots?
A: H. phyllostachya ‘Camina’
B: H. phyllostachya ‘Confetti Blush’
C: H. phyllostachya ‘Pink Splash’
D: H. phyllostachya ‘White Splash’
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: H. phyllostachya ‘Camina’ has dark green leaves with carmine red spots.

18: Which Polka dot plant cultivar has green and pale pink leaves?
A: H. phyllostachya ‘Camina’
B: H. phyllostachya ‘Confetti Blush’
C: H. phyllostachya ‘Pink Splash’
D: H. phyllostachya ‘Red Splash’
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: H. phyllostachya ‘Pink Splash’ has green and pale pink leaves.

19: What color are the flowers of the Polka dot plant?
A: White
B: Blue
C: Yellow
D: Pink/purple
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The flowers of the Polka dot plant are pink/purple.

20: What are the leaves of the Polka dot plant borne by?
A: Short stems
B: Long stems
C: Petioles
D: Clusters
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The leaves of the Polka dot plant are borne by petioles.

21: What are the spots on the lower side of Polka dot plant leaves usually like?
A: Darker and denser
B: Thinner and sparse
C: Much lighter in color
D: Completely absent
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The spots on the lower side of Polka dot plant leaves are much lighter in color.

22: Which cultivar of Polka dot plant has green leaves with white spots?
A: H. phyllostachya ‘Camina’
B: H. phyllostachya ‘Red Splash’
C: H. phyllostachya ‘White Splash’
D: H. phyllostachya ‘Confetti Blush’
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: H. phyllostachya ‘White Splash’ has green leaves with white spots.

23: What feature of the Polka dot plant makes it a popular ornamental plant?
A: Its tall growth
B: Its large flowers
C: Its multi-colored, spotted leaves
D: Its strong scent
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Polka dot plant is popular as an ornamental plant due to its striking, multi-colored, and spotted leaves.

24: In what growing conditions outside do Polka dot plants thrive in cooler climates?
A: As trees
B: As annual plants
C: As herbs
D: As cacti
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Polka dot plants can be grown outside as annual plants in cooler climates.

25: What term describes the Polka dot plant’s ability to handle drought conditions?
A: High drought tolerance
B: Low drought tolerance
C: Moderate drought tolerance
D: No drought tolerance
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Polka dot plant has low drought tolerance.

26: What type of flowers does the Polka dot plant have?
A: Non-showy
B: Showy and large
C: Edible
D: Fragrant
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: The Polka dot plant has non-showy, small flowers.

27: How are Polka dot plants best propagated indoors?
A: By air layering
B: By seed
C: By leaf cuttings
D: By cuttings and seedlings
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Polka dot plants are best propagated indoors by cuttings and seedlings.

28: Which Polka dot plant cultivar has white veined olive green leaves?
A: H. phyllostachya ‘Camina’
B: H. phyllostachya ‘Confetti Blush’
C: H. phyllostachya ‘Pink Splash’
D: H. phyllostachya ‘Red Splash’
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: H. phyllostachya ‘Confetti Blush’ has white veined olive green leaves.

29: Which climate zones are suitable for Polka dot plants to live as perennials?
A: Zones 3 and 4
B: Zones 7 and 8
C: Zones 10 and 11
D: Zones 1 and 2
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: In zones 10 and 11, Polka dot plants can survive as perennials.

30: What is a notable feature of Polka dot plant flowers?
A: They resemble sunflowers
B: They are honeysuckle-like
C: They are shaped like roses
D: They are trumpet-shaped
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Polka dot plant flowers resemble honeysuckle in appearance.

31: Which color is NOT commonly seen in Polka dot plant leaf spots?
A: Blue
B: Pink
C: White
D: Red
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Blue is not a common color for Polka dot plant leaf spots.

32: What are the leaf shapes of Polka dot plants?
A: Round
B: Needle-like
C: Oval and pointed
D: Triangular
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The leaves of Polka dot plants are oval and pointed.

33: Which feature ensures Polka dot plants often need frequent watering?
A: High sun exposure tolerance
B: Low drought tolerance
C: High wind resistance
D: High temperature tolerance
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Polka dot plants have low drought tolerance, which means they often need frequent watering.

34: What is the growth pattern of Polka dot plant leaves?
A: Alternating
B: Whorled
C: Opposite
D: Spreading
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The leaves of the Polka dot plant are arranged oppositely on the stem.

35: What type of growth form does the Polka dot plant exhibit?
A: Climbing
B: Trailing
C: Bushy and compact tufts
D: Tall and slender
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The Polka dot plant forms bushy and compact tufts.

36: Which other regions besides subtropics and tropics can Polka dot plants be grown?
A: Temperate rainforests
B: Desert regions
C: Cooler climates as annuals
D: Arctic regions
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Besides subtropics and tropics, Polka dot plants can also be grown in cooler climates as annuals.

37: How are the flowers of the Polka dot plant positioned on the plant?
A: At the roots
B: At the base of the leaves
C: At the nodes
D: At the tips of the roots
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The flowers of the Polka dot plant are positioned at the nodes.

38: Which cultivar has green leaves with red spots?
A: H. phyllostachya ‘Red Splash’
B: H. phyllostachya ‘White Splash’
C: H. phyllostachya ‘Pink Splash’
D: H. phyllostachya ‘Camina’
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: H. phyllostachya ‘Red Splash’ has green leaves with red spots.

39: What is one downside of Polka dot plants in terms of wildlife?
A: Often eaten by rabbits
B: Frequently infested by aphids
C: Rarely damaged by deer
D: Constantly attacked by birds
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Polka dot plants are rarely damaged by deer.

40: In which type of container can Polka dot plants thrive indoors?
A: Large wooden boxes
B: Hanging baskets
C: Shallow trays
D: Tall vases
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Polka dot plants can thrive in hanging baskets indoors.

41: What is a common issue when growing Polka dot plants indoors?
A: Lack of sufficient light
B: Getting too much sun
C: Overwatering
D: Excessive pruning
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: A common issue when growing Polka dot plants indoors is the lack of sufficient light.

42: What are Hypoestes plants primarily grown for?
A: Their fruit
B: Their flowers
C: Their patterned leaves
D: Their seeds
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Hypoestes plants, like the Polka dot plant, are primarily grown for their patterned leaves.

43: What temperature is ideal for growing Polka dot plants?
A: Freezing temperatures
B: High temperatures of 35°C and above
C: Moderate temperatures around 20-25°C
D: Low temperatures below 5°C
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Moderate temperatures around 20-25°C are ideal for growing Polka dot plants.

44: Which Hypoestes cultivar is known for dark green leaves with carmine red?
A: H. phyllostachya ‘Camina’
B: H. phyllostachya ‘Pink Splash’
C: H. phyllostachya ‘White Splash’
D: H. phyllostachya ‘Confetti Blush’
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: H. phyllostachya ‘Camina’ is known for its dark green leaves with carmine red.

45: What is the common feature of the flowering pattern of Polka dot plants?
A: Seasonal flowering
B: Year-round flowering
C: Biennial flowering
D: No flowering
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Polka dot plants have a seasonal flowering pattern.

46: Which habitat is unsuitable for a Polka dot plant?
A: Indoor pot with bright indirect light
B: Tropical garden
C: Shaded forest floor
D: Barren deserts without irrigation
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: Barren deserts without irrigation are unsuitable for Polka dot plants due to their low drought tolerance.

47: How can you enhance the vibrancy of Polka dot plants indoors?
A: Increase fertilizer
B: Provide indirect sunlight
C: Keep in complete darkness
D: Water sparingly
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Providing indirect sunlight can enhance the vibrancy of Polka dot plants indoors.

48: In which part of the plant does the Polka dot plant’s fruit develop?
A: Root tips
B: Stem base
C: Leaf veins
D: End of the stems
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The fruit of the Polka dot plant develops at the end of the stems.

49: Which common garden setup is suitable for Polka dot plants?
A: Rock gardens with minimal water
B: Shaded areas with regular watering
C: Full sun in dry climates
D: Sandy soils with irrigation
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Shaded areas with regular watering are suitable for growing Polka dot plants.

50: Which leaf arrangement is seen in Polka dot plants?
A: Whorled
B: Alternating
C: Opposite
D: Spiraled
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Polka dot plants have opposite leaf arrangements.

51: Which characteristic makes the Polka dot plant easy to grow indoors?
A: High nutrient requirement
B: Complex watering schedule
C: Adaptability to indirect sunlight
D: Need for frequent pruning
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Polka dot plants’ adaptability to indirect sunlight makes them easy to grow indoors.

52: What does the Polka dot plant’s many-seeded fruit capsule do at maturity?
A: Changes color
B: Dries up and falls
C: Dehisces to release seeds
D: Grows larger
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: At maturity, the many-seeded dehiscent capsule of the Polka dot plant splits open to release seeds.

53: Which Polka dot plant cultivar has leaves with pale pink spots?
A: H. phyllostachya ‘Pink Splash’
B: H. phyllostachya ‘Confetti Blush’
C: H. phyllostachya ‘White Splash’
D: H. phyllostachya ‘Red Splash’
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: H. phyllostachya ‘Pink Splash’ has leaves with pale pink spots.

54: What type of plant care should be avoided for Polka dot plants?
A: Partial sunlight
B: Consistent watering
C: Overwatering
D: Use of fertilizers
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Overwatering should be avoided for Polka dot plants as it can lead to root rot.

55: How do variations in foliage color occur in Polka dot plants?
A: Through cross-breeding different cultivars
B: Adding specific fertilizers
C: Restricting sunlight
D: Encouraging pest infestation
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Variations in foliage color of Polka dot plants occur through cross-breeding different cultivars.

56: What award has the Polka dot plant gained in the UK?
A: Best Exotic Plant
B: Award of Garden Merit
C: Most Hardy Plant
D: Best Indoor Bloom
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The Polka dot plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit in the UK.

57: In which conditions can Polka dot plants survive outdoors year-round?
A: Zones 1-3
B: Tropical regions
C: Areas with frost
D: Windy deserts
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Polka dot plants can survive outdoors year-round in tropical regions.

58: What is the characteristic feature of ‘Confetti Blush’ cultivar of Polka dot plant?
A: Pink veins
B: Green and pale pink leaves
C: Dark green with red spots
D: White veined olive green leaves
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The ‘Confetti Blush’ cultivar has white veined olive green leaves.

59: How often should Polka dot plants be fertilized during growing seasons?
A: Once a year
B: Monthly
C: Every six months
D: Weekly
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Polka dot plants should be fertilized monthly during the growing season.

60: What makes Polka dot plants low-maintenance in terms of pests?
A: Fragrant leaves
B: Spiny texture
C: Rarely damaged by deer
D: Toxicity to all insects
Correct Answer: C

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