Redwood Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

green fern plant and brown bark

1: When was Redwood National and State Parks established?

A: 1920

B: 1968

C: 1978

D: 1980

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Redwood National Park was established on October 2, 1968.

2: What governing bodies manage Redwood National and State Parks?

A: California Department of Parks and Recreation and National Park Service

B: Bureau of Land Management and U.S. Forest Service

C: National Park Foundation and California Wilderness Coalition

D: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and California Department of Parks and Recreation

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The National Park Service and California Department of Parks and Recreation manage Redwood National and State Parks.

3: What percentage of old-growth coast redwood forests is preserved within the parks?

A: 30%

B: 45%

C: 60%

D: 75%

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The combined parks preserve 45% of all remaining old-growth coast redwood forests.

4: Which endangered tree thrives in Redwood National and State Parks?

A: Coast Douglas-fir

B: Sitka Spruce

C: Giant Sequoia

D: Coast Redwood

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) is the endangered tree species thriving in the parks.

5: How many acres do Redwood National and State Parks cover?

A: 100,000 acres

B: 120,091 acres

C: 139,091 acres

D: 150,000 acres

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Redwood National and State Parks cover an area of 139,091 acres.

6: What is the nearest city to Redwood National and State Parks?

A: Eureka

B: Redding

C: Crescent City

D: Sacramento

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Crescent City is the nearest city to Redwood National and State Parks.

7: When were the parks designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site?

A: 1968

B: 1980

C: 1994

D: 2023

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The parks were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.

8: When did the National Park Service and California Department of Parks and Recreation combine Redwood National Park with the three state parks for a single administrative unit?

A: 1968

B: 1980

C: 1994

D: 2000

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: In 1994, the National Park Service and California Department of Parks and Recreation combined Redwood National Park with the three state parks into a single administrative unit.

9: How did Indigenous tribes contribute to the parks’ history in 2023?

A: They declared an Indigenous Marine Stewardship Area.

B: They donated land to the park.

C: They held the first cultural festival in the park.

D: They authored the initial conservation strategy.

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: In 2023, local tribes declared an Indigenous Marine Stewardship Area, protecting the parks’ region, coastline, and coastal waters.

10: What visitor activities are permitted in Redwood National and State Parks?

A: Hunting and fishing

B: Camping, hiking, biking, and horseback riding

C: Snowmobiling and ice fishing

D: Off-roading and rock climbing

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Visitors may camp, hike, bike, and ride horseback along the park system trails.

11: Which Native American nations are specifically mentioned as having historical ties to the park region?

A: Mohawk, Sioux, Apache

B: Yurok, Tolowa, Karuk, Chilula, Wiyot

C: Cherokee, Hopi, Navajo

D: Zuni, Comanche, Crow

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Yurok, Tolowa, Karuk, Chilula, and Wiyot nations have historical ties to the region.

12: What was the major economic activity that heavily impacted the region before conservation efforts began?

A: Fishing

B: Mining

C: Timber logging

D: Tourism

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Timber logging heavily impacted the region before conservation efforts began.

13: When did the Save the Redwoods League start their preservation efforts?

A: 1920s

B: 1940s

C: 1960s

D: 1980s

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Save the Redwoods League began their preservation efforts in the 1920s.

14: Which famous environmental organization helped lobby for the creation of Redwood National Park in 1968?

A: Greenpeace

B: Earthjustice

C: World Wildlife Fund

D: Sierra Club

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The Sierra Club helped lobby for the creation of Redwood National Park in 1968.

15: The tallest tree in the park, named Hyperion, reaches what height?

A: 300 feet

B: 350 feet

C: 380 feet

D: 400 feet

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The tallest living tree in the park, named Hyperion, reaches 380 feet.

16: As of 2022, what penalty may visitors face if they approach the tallest living tree, Hyperion?

A: $1,000 fine

B: Permanent park ban

C: Up to $5,000 fine and six months in jail

D: Community service

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: NPS announced a penalty of up to a $5,000 fine and six months in jail for visitors who approach Hyperion.

17: What characteristic makes redwood trees resistant to fire?

A: Thick bark with no resin

B: High water content in leaves

C: Location in humid areas only

D: Ability to regrow from roots

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Redwood trees are resistant to fire due to their thick bark with no resin.

18: Which practice did indigenous tribes use that benefited the health of the redwood forests?

A: Irrigation

B: Controlled burning

C: Overgrazing

D: Flood control

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Indigenous tribes used controlled burning to protect and manage the health of the redwood forests.

19: How high can the temperature range in the park near the coast?

A: 20 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit

B: 40 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit

C: 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit

D: 80 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The temperature near the coast mostly remains between 40 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

20: About how many bird species have been documented within park boundaries?

A: 100 species

B: 200 species

C: 280 species

D: 350 species

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Approximately 280 bird species have been documented within the park boundaries.

21: What is a unique characteristic of the Fern Canyon in Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park?

A: It has the tallest trees.

B: Its walls are completely covered in ferns.

C: It has rare redwood saplings.

D: It is home to endangered owls.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Fern Canyon is a well-known ravine with walls completely covered in ferns.

22: Which animal species is known to be threatened and found in the parks?

A: American Bison

B: Peregrine Falcon

C: Northern Spotted Owl

D: Gray Wolf

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Northern Spotted Owl is a threatened species known to exist in the parks.

23: As of 2021, how many annual visitors did the combined RNSP have?

A: 500,000

B: 800,000

C: 1,185,000

D: 1,500,000

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: As of 2021, the combined Redwood National and State Parks had 1,185,000 annual visitors.

24: Which endangered species can nest high on redwood branches?

A: Bald eagle

B: Marbled murrelet

C: Steller’s sea lion

D: Pacific salmon

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The endangered marbled murrelet can nest high on redwood branches.

25: What type of forest can be found within Redwood National and State Parks?

A: Boreal forest

B: Tropical rainforest

C: Temperate rainforest

D: Mangrove forest

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The parks are part of a temperate rainforest that runs along the western United States coast.

26: Why is fog during the summer important for the redwoods?

A: It enhances photosynthesis.

B: It provides essential moisture.

C: It raises the temperature.

D: It deters insects.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Summer fog is important as it provides essential moisture for the redwood trees.

27: What type of fee do visitors need to pay to enter the parks?

A: Annual Membership Fee

B: Daily Entry Fee

C: There is no general entry fee.

D: Tourist Tax

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: There is no general entry fee to enter Redwood National and State Parks.

28: The Smith River is notable for being the longest what in California?

A: Dammed river

B: Undammed river

C: River with waterfalls

D: Fastest river

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The Smith River is the longest undammed river remaining in California.

29: How old can mature coast redwoods live to be?

A: 100–200 years

B: 200–400 years

C: 500–700 years

D: 1,000–1,200 years

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Mature coast redwoods live an average of 500–700 years.

30: What is the area in the park where horseback riding is allowed?

A: Redwood Highway

B: Smith River

C: Specific trails designated for horseback riding

D: Fern Canyon

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Horseback riding is permitted on certain trails in the park.

31: Which first European explorer is believed to have reached the land near the parks in 1543?

A: Christopher Columbus

B: Bartolomé Ferrer

C: Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra

D: Francis Drake

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Bartolomé Ferrer is believed to have reached land near the parks in 1543 as part of the Cabrillo expedition.

32: Between which two years did the National Park Service expand the park by 48,000 acres?

A: 1970-1975

B: 1980-1995

C: 1977-1978

D: 1990-2000

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The park was expanded by 48,000 acres in 1977-1978.

33: What is the most seismically active area within the park?

A: Fern Canyon

B: Redwood Creek Basin

C: North America-Pacific-Gorda Plate Junction

D: Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The parks are located in the most seismically active area where the North American, Pacific, and Gorda Plates meet.

34: How many major state parks make up the Redwood National and State Parks?

A: One

B: Two

C: Three

D: Four

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The combined RNSP contain one national park and three California state parks.

35: Which organization was co-founded by John Muir in 1892 to help with conservation?

A: Sierra Club

B: Save the Redwoods League

C: National Park Service

D: Earth First

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: John Muir co-founded the Sierra Club in 1892 to help with conservation efforts.

36: What is the primary type of rock found within the Redwood Creek basin?

A: Granite

B: Limestone

C: Sandstone

D: Basalt

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The primary type of rock found within the Redwood Creek basin is sandstone.

37: How many permanent employees did Redwood National Park have when it first opened?

A: Six

B: Twelve

C: Fifty

D: One hundred

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: When it opened in 1969, Redwood National Park had only six permanent employees.

38: In which year did the Save the Redwoods League and the California state park system begin buying lands for conservation?

A: 1919

B: 1923

C: 1927

D: 1938

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: In 1927, the Save the Redwoods League began buying lands for conservation efforts.

39: What marine mammal is known to live near the shoreline and seastacks in the parks?

A: Sea otter

B: California sea lion

C: Bottlenose dolphin

D: Blue whale

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: California sea lions are known to live near the shoreline and seastacks in the parks.

40: When do the majority of wildfires in Redwood National and State Parks occur?

A: Winter

B: Fall

C: Spring

D: Summer

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Although lightning strikes are rare, most human-caused wildfires occur in the summer.

41: Which method are park managers in the RNSP using to control invasive species?

A: Mechanical Removal

B: Herbicide Application

C: Controlled Burns

D: Biological Control

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Park managers use controlled burns in the grassland areas to control invasive species.

42: How many kilometers of pristine coastline are preserved within the parks?

A: 20 km

B: 40 km

C: 60 km

D: 80 km

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The parks preserve 60 kilometers (37 miles) of pristine coastline.

43: What is the name of the ecological reserve designation given to the Redwood National and State Parks by UNESCO?

A: Green World Reserve

B: Heritage Forest

C: World Heritage Site

D: Natural Wonder of the World

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Redwood National and State Parks are designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

44: How do redwood trees cope with the extensive water needs?

A: Depend mainly on rainwater

B: Efficient root system

C: Absorb moisture from fog

D: Extensive leaf surface for capturing rain

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Redwood trees absorb moisture from fog, which provides around 40% of their annual water intake.

45: Which infrastructure project in the 1920s increased visitor numbers to the redwoods?

A: Pacific Coast Highway

B: California Aqueduct

C: Golden Gate Bridge

D: Redwood Highway

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The construction of the Redwood Highway brought more visitors to the trees in the 1920s.

46: How many endangered, threatened, or candidate species inhabit or range into the park?

A: 15

B: 28

C: 50

D: 65

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: There are 28 species that are federally recognized as endangered, threatened, or candidates for protection within or ranging into the park.

47: What percentage of plants in old-growth areas of the park are exotic species?

A: 1%

B: 10%

C: 25%

D: 50%

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: About one percent of plants in old-growth areas are exotic species compared to 50 to 75 percent in other areas of the park.

48: Which animal near the Pacific coastline is endangered and was extirpated from the parks in 1968?

A: Pacific lamprey

B: Tidewater goby

C: Candlefish

D: Sea otter

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The tidewater goby is a federally listed endangered species that lives near the Pacific coastline and was extirpated from the parks in 1968.

49: What is one of the primary uses of redwood planks harvested by Native Americans historically?

A: Fuel for fires

B: Building materials for boats and houses

C: Animal feed

D: Gardening tools

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Native Americans used harvested redwood planks as building materials for boats, houses, and small villages.

50: Who was the first European explorer documented to have explored the interior of Northern California coastal region?

A: Francis Drake

B: George Vancouver

C: Jedediah Smith

D: Bartolomé Ferrer

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Jedediah Smith was the first European explorer known to have explored the interior of Northern California coastal region.

51: How many temporary staff members did the combined RNSP have as of 2023?

A: 10

B: 25

C: 50

D: 52

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: As of 2023, the combined Redwood National and State Parks had 52 temporary staff members.

52: What is the main factor that has led to reduced water quality in the parks?

A: Deforestation

B: Urban development

C: Climate change

D: Mining activities

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Increasing average temperatures due to climate change have led to reduced water quality in the parks.

53: Which river within the parks offers popular spots for salmon and trout fishing?

A: Smith River

B: Klamath River

C: Eel River

D: Russian River

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The Smith River offers popular spots for salmon and trout fishing.

54: What percentage of the world’s old-growth coast redwood forest has been logged?

A: 70%

B: 80%

C: 90%

D: 96%

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: About 96% of the world’s old-growth coast redwood forest has been logged.

55: How many visitor centers are there across the parks?

A: Three

B: Four

C: Five

D: Six

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The parks have five visitor centers providing information and activities.

56: What is the highest peak in Redwood National and State Parks?

A: Smith Mountain

B: Rodgers Peak

C: Prairie Hill

D: Humboldt Summit

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: The highest peak in Redwood National and State Parks is Rodgers Peak at 2,746 ft (837 m).

57: What year did the Sierra Club and the Save the Redwoods League begin collaborating more closely?

A: 1950

B: 1968

C: 1971

D: 1980

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The Sierra Club and the Save the Redwoods League began collaborating more closely in 1971.

58: Which large mammals are commonly observed in the parks thanks to successful herds being brought back from the verge of extinction?

A: American Bison

B: Roosevelt Elk

C: Gray Wolves

D: Mountain Lions

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Roosevelt Elk are the most readily observed large mammals thanks to successful conservation efforts.

59: What restoration method did park managers use to mitigate soil erosion in recently logged lands acquired in 1978?

A: Planting non-native grasses

B: Building terraces

C: Controlled burning

D: Watershed rehabilitation

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: Park managers were charged with restoring the land and reducing soil erosion through watershed rehabilitation.

60: What major conservation target did the California 30×30 plan align with in the 2023 Indigenous Marine Stewardship Area effort?

A: 30 percent of land only

B: 30 percent of coastal water only

C: 30 percent of the state’s wildlife

D: 30 percent of the state’s land and coastal water

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The California 30×30 plan aims to conserve 30 percent of the state’s land and coastal water by 2030, aligning with the Indigenous Marine Stewardship Area effort in 2023.

Source:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redwood_National_and_State_Parks

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