Sports Nutrition Trivia Questions and Answers

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1: What is the primary goal of sports nutrition?
A: Weight loss
B: Improved athletic performance
C: Faster metabolism
D: Better sleep
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: The primary goal of sports nutrition is to improve athletic performance through proper diet and nutrition.

2: Which type of exercise uses glycolysis to break down sugars without oxygen?
A: Aerobic exercise
B: Anaerobic exercise
C: Yoga
D: Pilates
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Anaerobic exercise breaks down sugars from carbohydrates for energy without the use of oxygen.

3: Men and women metabolize nutrients differently due to varying levels of what?
A: Blood sugar
B: Androgen receptors and enzyme expression
C: Vitamin intake
D: Hormonal balance
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Men and women metabolize nutrients differently due to androgen receptors in men and enzyme expression in women.

4: Why is it recommended to consume high-glycemic-index carbohydrates after anaerobic exercise?
A: They are low in calories
B: They rapidly raise blood glucose levels
C: They contain more protein
D: They have more vitamins
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: High-glycemic-index carbohydrates rapidly raise blood glucose levels, which is beneficial for post-exercise recovery.

5: How much protein per kilogram of body weight is recommended for endurance athletes to repair damaged tissue?
A: 0.8 to 1.0 g
B: 1.2 to 1.4 g
C: 1.8 to 2.0 g
D: 2.2 to 2.4 g
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Endurance athletes are recommended to have 1.2 to 1.4 g of protein per kg of body weight to repair damaged tissue.

6: What type of protein is commonly combined by vegetarian and vegan athletes to create a complete protein?
A: Lentils and nuts
B: Rice and beans
C: Tofu and spinach
D: Chickpeas and quinoa
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Vegetarian and vegan athletes often combine rice and beans to create a complete protein.

7: According to Spada, what type of carbohydrates should athletes prefer for optimal performance?
A: Processed carbohydrates
B: Simple carbohydrates
C: Unprocessed and whole grains
D: Sugary snacks
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Spada advises athletes to prefer unprocessed and whole grains for optimal performance.

8: What causes lactic acidosis during intense exercise?
A: Low oxygen levels
B: Excessive carbohydrate intake
C: High-protein diet
D: Lack of hydration
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Lactic acidosis occurs when oxygen is not used during intense exercise, causing pH levels to fall.

9: What nutrient is particularly important for protecting muscle damage and helping with tissue repair?
A: Vitamin A
B: Vitamin C
C: Vitamin E
D: Vitamin K
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Vitamin E and other antioxidants are essential for protecting muscle damage and aiding in tissue repair.

10: Which type of exercise is also known as cardio?
A: Weightlifting
B: Aerobic exercise
C: Stretching
D: Pilates
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Aerobic exercise is also known as cardio because it involves cardiovascular conditioning.

11: Which muscle fibers are trained during aerobic exercise to be better at taking in oxygen?
A: Fast twitch
B: Slow twitch
C: Type II
D: Intermediate
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Aerobic exercise trains slow twitch muscle fibers to be better at taking in oxygen and getting it to the muscles.

12: What type of supplements can assist aerobic athletes with endurance?
A: Vitamin C and zinc
B: Glycerol and guarana
C: Omega-3 fatty acids
D: Calcium and magnesium
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Supplements like glycerol and guarana can assist athletes with endurance.

13: What are dietary supplements typically taken for by athletes?
A: Weight loss
B: Skin health
C: Improved athletic performance
D: Hair growth
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Athletes may take dietary supplements to assist in improving their athletic performance.

14: Which of the following is a common ingredient in energy supplements?
A: Iron
B: Caffeine
C: Calcium
D: Vitamin D
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Caffeine is a common ingredient found in energy supplements used by athletes.

15: What substance is often found in energy drinks that helps with increased sporting performance?
A: Sodium
B: Vitamin B12
C: Vitamin C
D: Vitamin K
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Studies have shown that energy drinks containing Vitamin B12, among other ingredients, can increase sporting performance.

16: How does caffeine increase physical activity parameters in athletes?
A: By increasing muscle size
B: By raising blood levels of epinephrine and norepinephrine
C: By lowering blood pressure
D: By reducing calorie intake
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Caffeine raises blood levels of epinephrine and norepinephrine, which increases physical activity parameters.

17: What effect does the combination of caffeine and adenosine receptor antagonism have on the body?
A: Slows down metabolism
B: Increases neuron firing
C: Lowers blood sugar
D: Reduces inflammation
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Caffeine’s adenosine receptor antagonism causes neurons to fire more rapidly, resulting in increased stimulation.

18: What carbohydrate-based drinks are formulated to maintain blood glucose levels?
A: Herbal teas
B: Gatorade and Powerade
C: Coconut water
D: Lemon water
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Gatorade and Powerade are formulated with simple sugars to maintain blood glucose levels during exercise.

19: What is the primary purpose of recovery supplements taken by athletes?
A: Increase hydration
B: Enhance muscle repair and growth
C: Reduce body fat
D: Improve mental health
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Recovery supplements are primarily taken by athletes to enhance muscle repair and growth.

20: How much protein intake per kilogram of body weight is recommended for those looking to maximize resistance training gains?
A: 0.8 g/kg
B: 1.2 g/kg
C: 1.6 g/kg
D: 2.2 g/kg
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: For maximizing resistance training gains, a recommendation is around 2.2 g protein per kg of body weight.

21: What is an essential component in post-exercise nutrition for rehydration?
A: Fiber
B: Electrolytes
C: Vitamin D
D: Omega-3 fatty acids
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Electrolytes are essential in post-exercise nutrition for rehydrating the body.

22: What beverage has been shown to be more effective than sports drinks for post-exercise recovery?
A: Herbal tea
B: Almond milk
C: Chocolate milk
D: Flavored water
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Research suggests chocolate milk is more effective than sports drinks for post-exercise recovery.

23: Which illegal substance is commonly used by athletes to quickly build muscle mass?
A: Vitamin D
B: Anabolic steroids
C: Calcium supplements
D: Antioxidants
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Anabolic steroids are illegal substances used by athletes to quickly build muscle mass.

24: What is the consequence of blood doping in sports?
A: Dehydration
B: Increased oxygen delivery to tissues
C: Reduced muscle strength
D: Lower blood pressure
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Blood doping increases oxygen delivery to exercising tissues, which enhances performance in endurance sports.

25: What common benefit do Gatorade and Powerade provide to athletes during and after exercise?
A: Weight loss
B: Muscle building
C: Rehydration and carbohydrate refueling
D: Improved vision
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Gatorade and Powerade rehydrate the body and refuel it with carbohydrates during and after exercise.

26: Which amino acids are important for muscle synthesis?
A: Essential fatty acids
B: Branched-chain amino acids
C: Non-essential amino acids
D: Nucleic acids
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Branched-chain amino acids are crucial for muscle protein synthesis.

27: What is the potential harm of a high protein diet for individuals with poor kidney function?
A: Muscle loss
B: Poor wound healing
C: Kidney damage or stress
D: Bone weakness
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: High protein diets may stress or damage kidneys in individuals with poor kidney function.

28: Which nutrient regulates blood pressure, nerve, and muscle function?
A: Fiber
B: Electrolytes
C: Minerals
D: Antioxidants
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Electrolytes are responsible for regulating blood pressure, nerve, and muscle function.

29: For what primary purpose do athletes drink chocolate milk after exercise?
A: Increased calorie intake
B: Faster muscle recovery and rehydration
C: Weight gain
D: Improved mental alertness
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Chocolate milk aids in faster muscle recovery and rehydration post-exercise.

30: What illegal method is used by athletes to increase oxygen delivery during endurance sports?
A: Creatine supplementation
B: Blood doping
C: Caffeine intake
D: Vitamin C supplementation
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Blood doping increases oxygen delivery to tissues, improving performance in endurance sports.

31: How does creatine benefit well-trained athletes?
A: Lowers blood pressure
B: Increases exercise performance and strength
C: Reduces body fat
D: Enhances flexibility
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Creatine helps well-trained athletes increase exercise performance and strength.

32: What is a common side effect of using anabolic steroids?
A: Improved vision
B: High blood pressure
C: Faster metabolism
D: Increased endurance
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Anabolic steroids can lead to high blood pressure among other adverse effects.

33: Which nutrient found in milk helps with post-exercise recovery?
A: Vitamin A
B: Carbohydrates
C: Iron
D: Zinc
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Milk contains carbohydrates and other elements beneficial for post-exercise recovery.

34: Which supplement is often used for quick energy during anaerobic exercise?
A: Protein shake
B: Carbohydrates like sucrose and dextrose
C: Omega-3 capsules
D: Multivitamin
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Carbohydrate-based supplements like sucrose and dextrose provide quick energy during anaerobic exercise.

35: What factor highly influences the effectiveness of nutrient utilization during sleep?
A: Body weight
B: Time of nutrient intake
C: Duration of exercise
D: Type of exercise
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Some nutrients are utilized more effectively by the body during sleep based on the timing of intake.

36: Which drink has electrolytes necessary for muscle function during and after exercise?
A: Soda
B: Sports drinks
C: Herbal tea
D: Coffee
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Sports drinks contain electrolytes necessary for muscle function, especially during and after exercise.

37: What boosts cognitive and reaction performance in quickness and reaction anaerobic power tests?
A: Vitamin C
B: Caffeine
C: Protein powder
D: Fish oil
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Caffeine increases reaction performance and feelings of energy, focus, and alertness in quickness and reaction anaerobic power tests.

38: How do simple sugars like sucrose benefit athletes during exercise?
A: Reduce fatigue
B: Maintain blood glucose levels
C: Increase muscle size
D: Lower heart rate
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Simple sugars like sucrose help maintain blood glucose levels during exercise.

39: What should be part of an athlete’s diet to ensure proper healing and recovery?
A: Processed foods
B: Whole, natural foods with vitamins and minerals
C: Low-calorie snacks
D: Sugary drinks
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Whole, natural foods with vitamins and minerals aid in proper healing and recovery.

40: What primarily causes the build-up of lactate in muscles during intense exercise?
A: Excess water
B: Lack of oxygen
C: High-fat diet
D: Low protein intake
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Intense exercise without sufficient oxygen leads to the build-up of lactate in muscles.

41: What is the main benefit of aerobic exercise for athletes?
A: Increased muscle size
B: Enhanced endurance
C: Faster reflexes
D: Reduced appetite
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Aerobic exercise helps enhance athletes’ endurance by improving oxygen delivery to muscles.

42: What element found in sports drinks like Gatorade and Powerade helps with rehydration?
A: Sugar
B: Electrolytes
C: Fiber
D: Protein
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Electrolytes in sports drinks help with rehydration during and after exercise.

43: What is a significant risk of using blood doping as a performance enhancer?
A: Dehydration
B: Muscle strain
C: Blood clots or stroke
D: Lowered endurance
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Blood doping can lead to serious health risks like blood clots or stroke.

44: What is the main reason female endurance runners need a high protein intake?
A: Prevent weight gain
B: Enhance antioxidants
C: Ensure proper recovery and muscle repair
D: Improve digestion
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: High protein intake ensures proper recovery and muscle repair in female endurance runners.

45: What form does caffeine often take when used as an energy supplement?
A: Tablets or capsules
B: Liquid vitamin
C: Chewing gum
D: Powder form
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Caffeine is commonly taken as an energy supplement in tablets or capsules.

46: What crucial role do carbohydrates play in an athlete’s diet?
A: Protein synthesis
B: Energy provision
C: Hydration
D: Bone strength
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Carbohydrates are essential for energy provision in an athlete’s diet.

47: Why should athletes strive to eat more vegetables than fruits?
A: Less expensive
B: Higher nutrient density
C: Easier digestion
D: Reduce calorie intake
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Vegetables generally offer more nutritional value for the amount of calories compared to fruits.

48: What is the effect of combining legumes with whole grains for vegetarian athletes?
A: Increase fat
B: Enhance carbohydrate intake
C: Create a complete protein
D: Improve hydration
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Combination of legumes with whole grains provides all essential amino acids, becoming a complete protein.

49: Why is it advised to eat dark-colored vegetables?
A: Better taste
B: Higher nutrient density
C: More hydration
D: Low calorie count
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Dark-colored vegetables tend to be more nutrient-dense compared to paler ones.

50: In which form is protein most effectively consumed for immediate muscle repair post-exercise?
A: Solid food
B: Protein shakes
C: Tablets
D: Fiber-rich foods
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Protein shakes are a convenient and efficient form to consume protein for immediate muscle repair post-exercise.

51: Which mineral is crucial for nerve and muscle function, and is often lost through sweating?
A: Iron
B: Calcium
C: Sodium
D: Zinc
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Sodium plays a significant role in nerve and muscle function and is often lost through sweating.

52: What combination in recovery drinks like chocolate milk helps in recovering post-exercise better than water?
A: Carbohydrates and electrolytes
B: Fats and vitamins
C: Proteins and fibers
D: Sugars and antioxidants
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Carbohydrates and electrolytes in recovery drinks like chocolate milk effectively help post-exercise recovery better than water.

53: What illicit performance-enhancing substance has long-term adverse effects like altered hormonal levels?
A: Multivitamins
B: Anabolic steroids
C: Caffeine
D: Guarana
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Anabolic steroids can lead to adverse effects like altered hormonal levels.

54: How does lactic acid fermentation assist in intense exercise?
A: Produces antioxidants
B: Regenerates NAD+ cells
C: Increases fat storage
D: Enhances calcium absorption
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Lactic acid fermentation helps in regenerating NAD+ cells during intense exercise.

55: What aid can reduce lactic acid build-up post-workout?
A: Longer workouts
B: Efficient hydration, cool down, and stretching routines
C: Consuming caffeine
D: Eating processed foods
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Efficient hydration, cool down, and stretching routines can help reduce lactic acid build-up.

56: What is an important consideration for dietary protein intake in athletes?
A: Timing before, during, and after physical activity
B: Eating only plant-based proteins
C: Taking minimal protein supplements
D: Avoiding all animal products
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Proper timing of protein intake before, during, and after physical activity is crucial for muscle growth and strength.

57: What do athletes primarily aim to replenish by consuming recovery drinks post-exercise?
A: Energy and hydration
B: Carbohydrates and fats
C: Fiber and antioxidants
D: Proteins and amino acids
Correct Answer: A
Explanation: Recovery drinks primarily aim to replenish energy and hydration lost during exercise.

58: What causes muscle breakdown during endurance sports like long-distance cycling?
A: Lack of antioxidants
B: Insufficient fluid intake
C: High intensity and prolonged activity
D: Excessive protein intake
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: High intensity and prolonged activity during endurance sports can lead to muscle breakdown.

59: Why should athletes prefer natural, unprocessed foods?
A: For better taste
B: Higher nutritional value
C: Lower cost
D: Easier digestion
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Natural, unprocessed foods are preferred for their higher nutritional value.

60: What is the primary function of branched-chain amino acids in muscle health?
A: Enhance weight loss
B: Synthesize muscle proteins
C: Increase hydration
D: Improve digestion
Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Branched-chain amino acids are crucial for synthesizing muscle proteins.

Disclaimer: Please consult a physician before making any changes to your health regimen.

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