Summary of Theological Encyclopedia and Methodology


This book, “Theological Encyclopaedia and Methodology,” is a comprehensive guide to theological studies, written in the late 19th century. It provides a systematic framework for understanding the various branches of theological inquiry, examining their historical development, outlining their key concepts and methodologies, and emphasizing their interconnected nature.

The text delves into four major divisions of theological study: Exegetical Theology, focusing on the interpretation of Scripture; Historical Theology, covering the history of the Church, doctrines, and Christian thought; Systematic Theology, exploring the core doctrines of Christian belief; and Practical Theology, addressing the practical application of theological principles in Church activities, including preaching, pastoral care, and Church governance.


  • The term “theology” originates from ancient Greek usage, referring to those who studied the nature and history of the gods.
  • The study of Hebrew is essential for theologians due to its influence on the New Testament idiom and the Aramaic dialect spoken by Jesus.
  • The Old Testament, though not as directly revelatory as the New Testament, is essential for understanding the New Testament’s theological framework and concepts.
  • The New Testament was written in Hellenistic Greek, a dialect distinct from classical Greek, influenced by Hebrew and Aramaic.
  • The Bible was gradually collected over time, with different parts being added at different periods, and occasional instances of textual corruption or alteration.
  • Christianity itself came to be the religion of the world, influencing every language and culture, particularly evident in the rise of Protestantism.
  • The Roman Catholic Church, though it has an authorized version of the Scriptures, reserves its interpretation to itself, unlike Protestantism which emphasizes individual biblical study.
  • The Reformation is marked by a renewed emphasis on the Scriptures as the foundation of faith, leading to greater independence in biblical interpretation.
  • Rationalism, a dominant theological tendency in the 18th century, challenged the supernatural elements of Christianity, emphasizing reason and natural law.
  • The Protestant sermon, as the heart of Protestant worship, has been central to its development and remains a distinctive feature.
  • The study of philosophy, particularly ethics, psychology, and the philosophy of religion, is crucial for theologians, providing a framework for understanding theological concepts and engaging in critical inquiry.
  • The Church, as a historically conditioned reality, is not simply a social association, but a divinely ordained institution, with both outward and inward aspects.
  • The Reformation is a pivotal event in Church history, marking a shift in emphasis from the authority of the Church to the authority of the Bible.
  • The life of Jesus Christ is the central focus of both Scripture history and Christian theology, as he represents the embodiment of God’s revelation to mankind.
  • The rise of modern criticism has led to extensive examination of the biblical text and the history of the Church, prompting both confirmations and challenges to traditional views.
  • The concept of the Trinity, though not explicitly stated in the Bible, is foundational to New Testament theology, representing God’s relationship to mankind through the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.


  • The introduction to the study of the Holy Scriptures has gone through ten editions (p. 8).
  • Biblical Hermeneutics has gone through five editions (p. 8).
  • Theological Encyclopaedia and Methodology has gone through four editions (p. 8).
  • Christian Archaeology has gone through three editions (p. 8).
  • Systematic Theology, Volume I, has gone through two editions (p. 8).
  • The London Polyglot (six languages) was compiled by Brian Walton (p. 218).
  • John Mill spent 30 years compiling his Greek Testament (p. 218).
  • The Magdeburg Centuries, published from 1559-74, comprised thirteen folio volumes, each covering a century (p. 336).
  • Caesar Baronius published Ecclesiastical Annals in twelve folio volumes (p. 336).
  • Schrockh’s work on Church history covered forty-five volumes (p. 337).


  • Apologetics: The branch of theology that defends the truth and divine character of Christianity against the challenges of unbelief.
  • Canon: The collection of books that are considered authoritative Scripture, as distinguished from the Apocrypha.
  • Catechetics: The art of religious instruction, particularly for children and those who are new to the Christian faith.
  • Christology: The study of the person and work of Jesus Christ, including his deity, humanity, and role as mediator.
  • Dogmatics: The systematic presentation of Christian doctrine, based on Scripture and Church tradition.
  • Exegesis: The interpretation of Scripture, drawing upon linguistic, historical, and theological knowledge.
  • Hermeneutics: The science of interpreting texts, including the principles of understanding an author’s meaning and purpose.
  • Homiletics: The theory and practice of preaching, focusing on the structure, delivery, and content of sermons.
  • Liturgics: The study of Christian worship, including its history, theology, and practice, including the use of liturgy and hymns.
  • Pantheism: The belief that God and the universe are identical, as opposed to a separate, personal God.
  • Patristics: The study of the Church Fathers and their writings, primarily those from the first six centuries.
  • Polemics: The branch of theology concerned with defending Christian doctrines against opposing views, especially those of other Christian denominations.
  • Soteriology: The study of the doctrine of salvation, including Christ’s work of redemption and the application of this salvation to individual believers.
  • Supernaturalism: The belief in the existence of supernatural events and divine revelation, as opposed to a purely natural or rational understanding of the world.
  • Symbolics: The study of the historical confessions of faith of different Christian denominations, highlighting their distinctive doctrines and emphasizing their differences.
  • Theodicy: The attempt to reconcile the existence of evil and suffering in the world with the belief in a good and just God.
  • Theology: The study of God, particularly in his relationship to humanity, as revealed in the Bible.


  • The Patriarchal Age: This period, spanning from Abraham to Moses, marks the beginning of the biblical narrative, detailing the covenant between God and Abraham, the experiences of his descendants, and the initial stages of the theocratic understanding of God’s relationship with mankind.
  • The Sermon on the Mount: This collection of teachings by Jesus Christ, as recorded in the Gospels, provides a foundational framework for Christian ethics, highlighting principles of love, forgiveness, justice, and humility.
  • The Council of Nicea (325 A.D.): This gathering of Christian leaders addressed the Arian controversy, culminating in the formulation of the Nicene Creed, which defined the doctrine of the Trinity.
  • The Reformation: This period, led by Martin Luther, challenged the authority of the Roman Catholic Church and emphasized the direct relationship between individuals and God through the Bible.
  • The Moravian Church: This denomination, founded in the 18th century, is noted for its emphasis on simplicity, love, and missionary zeal, offering a model of Christian life and worship.
  • The Book of Common Prayer: This liturgical text, used by the Anglican Church, provides a framework for worship, including prayers, hymns, and the administration of sacraments.
  • The Pietist Movement: Originating in the 17th century, this movement emphasized personal piety and a return to the simple teachings of Scripture.

This overview provides a brief glimpse into the rich content and comprehensive scope of “Theological Encyclopedia and Methodology.” It’s a valuable resource for anyone seeking a foundational understanding of theological studies and the enduring questions they address. Continue learning here.

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