Authoritative parents have high expectations for their child, while always supporting them to achieve their goals. They encourage their child to be responsible, think for themselves and to critique and consider the reasons behind rules and guidelines.
These parents have a balance between enforcing family standards as well as having a good relationship with their child.
Children of authoritative parents tend to fare better in their emotional and mental development both in childhood and adulthood than the other parenting styles.
Uninvolved parenting is often a side effect of parents have too little time for their child and competing priorities, due to factors like health, divorce, or work. Neglectful parents are generally described as passive, absent, and busy with external obligations.
If you identify with this parenting style, it's never too late to become more involved in your child's life!
A permissive parent is often highly responsive and warm to their children but not overly demanding. They are often reluctant to enforce rules and boundaries and children are not help to consistent specific standards.
Parents are very nurturing and loving, almost being great friends with their children. However being too lenient and trying to avoid confrontation with their children does not help their child in the long-term when they are required to live up to certain standards e.g. at school or in the workplace.
Authoritarian parenting is typically characterised by demanding and strict parenting techniques. Orders that are placed upon children are to be obeyed. Parents often expect blind obedience from their child and try to control their child's behaviour, friendships and academic and sporting achievements.
Children of authoritarian parents are often high achievers but can also suffer from anxiety, low self-esteem and be highly self-critical. There may be a loss of secure attachment between parent and child which can have a negative impact on their mental and emotional development.