You want a bigger dog because you live in a house with some amount of yard. A golden retriever is a great family dog fro beginners or expert dog owners. They can be great family dogs, but you shouldn't leave them at home for longer than 8 days. Golden Retrievers love outdoor exercise, be sure to allow them some sort of athletic activity at least once a day!
You want a small dog that can be left alone for longer periods of time. A french bulldog can live in a smaller house or apartment with less of a yard and don't need as much exercise. A french bulldog is a great family dog as well!
You want a medium sized dog who is great with family, but also requires a lot of exercise due to its excitable and curious nature. Beagles are great for those who live in the suburbs and shouldn't be left alone for longer than 8 hours.
You want a medium sized dog that can be both a family and guard dog. A Springer Spaniel can be left at home for a little while, but tend to get excitable. They also have a tendency to bark more than normal, but overall are affectionate family dogs.